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And so he thinks that if he talks about a truce and appeals to their sense of what the truce is, maybe he can get them to basically sew a tremendous amount of dissension in the American body politic. But his sense of what a truce is is a lot different than what our sense is. His sense of a truce is a total surrender.

His conditions are withdrawal from Iraq, withdrawal from Afghanistan, and the U. In April , offering to make peace with Europe just after the Madrid bombings, and 15 months before the ones in the subways of London. And then they move forward and execute an attack. So it fits into the justification and warning process for attacks. Is that, is it that message, that idea of the truce, this sort of straw dog that he uses just for his own people, or the people he wants to be his own people?

Certainly that is one, for recruits, for critics, for fundraising, for other people that support the organization, perhaps not by directly being members, but in other ways, as well as in terms of just general popular opinion, both in the Middle East as well as what they think might go for popular opinion in Europe or the United States or elsewhere. But in somewhere here, somewhere here, whatever he—his information is, he seems to have mistaken a disillusionment with the war in Iraq with a separate issue clearly for Americans, that is, counterterrorism.

The operations are under preparation, and you will see them in your homes the minute they are through. Is it either one of those, or somewhere in the middle? One important piece of this is a very different sense of time than what you would typically have in the United States. For al Qaeda, they can make these threats and act on them a year or two later. And one of the clearest examples is the European truce offer, and which they followed by the attacks in London about 13, 14 months later.

I think they have now shifted more focus to the United States, unfortunately. And her mother spoke today. And another athlete goes into the stands, this time supposedly to protect his wife from a fan. On occasion, we can be jolted back to its awful reality, such as when the mother of an American journalist taken hostage must publicly plead for the life of her daughter. Al Jazeera, airing a new, unnerving image of the young reporter with her captors today, taken apparently off the same tape that it had received two days ago from her kidnappers, less than two hours after that video aired, Ms.

And so we call upon you to ensure that Jill is returned safely home to her family, who needs her and loves her. McClellan, disputing that today, saying no prisoner release is imminent. Our next guest with unique insight, perhaps, into what Jill Carroll is going through. On April 11, , only weeks into the conflict, while he was reporting for another news organization, he and his crew were held captive at gunpoint for several hours by Fedayeen Saddam guerillas in northern Iraq.

These days, he is a correspondent for Yahoo! News and joins us now from Damascus, Syria. Turning to Ms. They call themselves the Revenge Brigades. Some of the groups that we think are doing the kidnapping may not actually be doing the kidnapping under their name. One thing is clear, being kidnapped, being held captive, is the scariest thing that can happen to you in covering a war. I mean, drawing on your own experience in that scenario, how crucial is it, how crucial was it, to have someone there who was literally speaking on your behalf, speaking their language?

When they actually took her, they killed her fixer, her translator, immediately. So Jill was not only isolated physically, but psychologically as well. In our particular instance, they took our fixer out, the Fedayeen, to kill him as well. And we tried to make a connection.

And in that particular situation, they realized they needed him to negotiate, to talk with us. And eventually, he actually turned the situation and secured our release. Is this, could this turn out simply to be a cash transaction that might save her life? But what she needs to do, just as her mother did today, she has to make contact with her captors. Her mother did that in the speech today.

She acknowledged the power of the captors, that they had control over her life, and that in that particular instance, she pleaded for their life, acknowledging their power, saying, Please ensure the safety of our daughter.

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As far as I know, most of the women that have been kidnapped, the Western women, there has only been one that has been killed, and that was Margaret Hassan. And I think she was killed last year, towards the end of the Battle of Fallujah. And it was a gruesome killing. In fact, in some ways, probably is the best person to tell their story. And that becomes a bargaining chip in itself, that she becomes more valuable alive than she is dead.

Kevin Sites, currently of Yahoo! News, great thanks for your time. Stay safe, Kevin. What about evolution making strange bedfellows? The Vatican newspaper praising a ruling that is critical of intelligent design. We begin in Kiev, with another one of those crazy winter ice swims.

But this one is different. President, good afternoon. The president of Ukraine, Victor Yuschenko, and the other guy with him appears to be wearing a rhinestone Speedo. Speaking of beached whales, this to year-old finback apparently died of natural causes in the Baltic Sea, washing up on a beach in Germany. While officials tried to figure out what to do with it, the animal rights group Greenpeace showed up with a crane, offered to transport the whale to the German Oceanographic Museum at its own expense. Yes, they lied. Greenpeace activists instead drove to Berlin and dumped the ton whale carcass on the front steps of the Japanese embassy as a protest against whaling.

Takes a couple parking spaces. The rotting foot dead whale has actually become something of a tourist attraction now. K Drama, War. Documentary, War. Discovering covert and faulty intelligence causes a U. Army officer to go rogue as he hunts for Weapons of Mass Destruction in an unstable region. During a military raid to rescue in Iraq, Max Forrester's teammate and girlfriend Sasha, disappears mysteriously. Two years later, Max, who has since retired from the army receives a call Director: J.

PG min Biography, Drama, Thriller. CIA operative Valerie Plame discovers her identity is allegedly leaked by the government as payback for an op-ed article her husband wrote criticizing the Bush administration. Not Rated 81 min Biography, Drama, War. After an Afghanistan-born woman who lives in Canada receives a letter from her suicidal sister, she takes a perilous journey through Afghanistan to try to find her.

PG 83 min Drama. After the rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan and the restriction of women in public life, a pre-teen girl is forced to masquerade as a boy in order to find work to support her mother and grandmother. R 92 min Action, Drama, War. Blackhawk pilot and reporter are knocked out of the sky over renegade warlord's territory and struggle against impossible odds to escape with their lives. Director: Terence H. R 92 min Drama, Thriller, War. Injuries sustained by two Army rangers behind enemy lines in Afghanistan set off a sequence of events involving a congressman, a journalist and a professor.

PG min Drama. After spending years in California, Amir returns to his homeland in Afghanistan to help his old friend Hassan, whose son is in trouble. PG 90 min Documentary, Comedy, War. Morgan Spurlock tours the Middle East to discuss the war on terror with Arabic people. After being held captive in an Afghan cave, billionaire engineer Tony Stark creates a unique weaponized suit of armor to fight evil. R min Biography, Drama, History. Mariane Pearl embarks on a frantic search to locate her journalist husband, Daniel, when he goes missing in Pakistan.

R min Comedy, Drama, War. Three different soldiers - a woman and two men - return from the war and facing the peaceful life's problems of each other. R 88 min Action, War. R 86 min Action, Adventure, Thriller. R min Drama, History, Thriller. A real-time account of the events on United Flight 93, one of the planes hijacked on September 11th, that crashed near Shanksville, Pennsylvania when passengers foiled the terrorist plot.

PG 89 min Action, Crime, Drama. Flight 93 is the story of the heroic passengers that took back their plane in an effort to stop a terrorist attack. Votes: 8, A television miniseries on the events leading up to the U. PG min Drama, History, Thriller. In the wake of the World Trade Center attacks, a naval carrier with civilians on board is ordered in combat mode. Not Rated 80 min Documentary. IMDb More. Copy from this list Export Report this list. Refine See titles to watch instantly, titles you haven't rated, etc. During the lead-up to the Iraq War, two questions were raised regarding an alleged connection between Saddam Hussein's government and al-Qaeda.

The first question was whether the Iraqi regime and al-Qaeda had a cooperative relationship, and the second was whether Saddam Husein's government supported the September 11, attacks. While some contacts between agents of Saddam's government and members of al-Qaeda have been alleged, the consensus of experts and analysts has held that those contacts never led to an "operational" relationship.

The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence concluded that there was only one actual encounter between representatives of the Baathist regime and representatives of al-Qaeda. This single meeting took place in the Sudan in , and the Iraqi representative, who is in custody and has been cooperating with investigators, said that after the meeting he "received word from his IIS chain-of-command that he should not see bin Laden again.

On the other two occasions, the Committee concluded, Saddam Hussein rebuffed meeting requests from an al-Qaeda operative.

Osama bin Laden's son to be the future leader of al-Qaeda?

The intelligence community has not found any other evidence of meetings between al-Qaeda and Iraq. On the more specific question of whether Saddam Hussein was behind the attacks of September 11, , the consensus view is that there is no credible evidence of his government's involvement. On March 20, , President Bush made clear that his administration did not have any evidence to prove Saddam played a role in those attacks. The Bush Administration sought to link the Iraqi dictator to Islamist radicals early on in the aftermath of the September 11th attacks.

President Bush allegedly made the case to Tony Blair as early as September 14, , although Blair urged him not to pursue the claim. Vice President Dick Cheney had told Meet the Press on December 9, , that Iraq was harboring Abdul Rahman Yasin , a suspect in the World Trade Center bombing, [14] and repeated the statement in another appearance on September 14, , saying "We learned more and more that there was a relationship between Iraq and al-Qaida that stretched back through most of the decade of the '90s, that it involved training, for example, on BW and CW, that al-Qaida sent personnel to Baghdad to get trained on the systems that are involved.

The Iraqis providing bomb-making expertise and advice to the al-Qaida organization. We know, for example, in connection with the original World Trade Center bombing in '93 that one of the bombers was Iraqi, returned to Iraq after the attack of ' And we've learned subsequent to that, since we went into Baghdad and got into the intelligence files, that this individual probably also received financing from the Iraqi government as well as safe haven. In the same Meet the Press interviews, Cheney implied a connection between Iraq and Mohamed Atta ; "The Czech interior minister said today that an Iraqi intelligence officer met with Mohammed Atta, one of the ringleaders of the September 11 terrorists attacks on the United States, just five months before the synchronized hijackings and mass killings were carried out.

The Czechs alleged that Mohamed Atta, the lead attacker, met in Prague with a senior Iraqi intelligence official five months before the attack, but we've never been able to develop any more of that yet either in terms of confirming it or discrediting it. We just don't know. In the initial stages of the war on terror , the Central Intelligence Agency , under George Tenet , was rising to prominence as the lead agency in the Afghanistan war. The questionable intelligence acquired by this secret program was " stovepiped " to the vice president and presented to the public.

In some cases, Cheney's office would leak the intelligence to reporters, where it would be reported by outlets such as The New York Times. Cheney would subsequently appear on the Sunday political television talk shows to discuss the intelligence, referencing The New York Times as the source to give it credence.

The prewar CIA testimony was that there was evidence of senior level contacts between Iraq and Al Qaeda going back a decade involving Iraq providing al-Qaeda with various kinds of training-combat, bomb-making, and [chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear] CBRN, but that they had no credible information that Baghdad had foreknowledge of the 11 September attacks or any other al-Qaeda strike.

According to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, the CIA reported that "al-Qaida, including Bin Ladin personally, and Saddam were leery of close cooperation," but that the "mutual antipathy of the two would not prevent tactical, limited cooperation. The CIA has since recalled and reissued all its intelligence reporting about al-Libi's recanted claims. Nor have we seen evidence indicating that Iraq cooperated with al Qaeda in developing or carrying out any attacks against the United States.

The Senate Report of Pre-war Intelligence on Iraq also reviewed the intelligence community's conclusions [27] and found that they were justifiable. The U. The Office of the Director of National Intelligence has already looked at the documents and warned that "amateur translators won't find any major surprises, such as proof Hussein hid stockpiles of chemical weapons. The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence concluded that "additional reviews of documents recovered in Iraq are unlikely to provide information that would contradict the Committee's findings or conclusions.

On March 21, , Bush sought to distance himself from the allegation of any link.

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He said: "First, just if I might correct a misperception, I don't think we ever said—at least I know I didn't say that there was a direct connection between September the 11th and Saddam Hussein. Opponents of his Iraq policy charged that his statement was inconsistent with his letter to Congress of March 21, [36] and a minority Democrat staff report by the U. Polls have shown that many Americans continued to believe that Saddam was linked to al-Qaeda, although the number who do so has slowly declined.

After the Gulf War , bin Laden continued to criticize Saddam's Ba'ath administration, emphasizing that Saddam could not be trusted. Bin Laden told his biographer that "the land of the Arab world, the land is like a mother, and Saddam Hussein is fucking his mother. It is therefore very much at odds with political Islamism.

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Saddam himself had long been at conflict with political Islam; Saddam had kicked out Ayatollah Khomeini to France when he attempted to incite the Shias of Iraq to overthrow him when he was in exile in Najaf which, ironically, was a catalyst for the Iranian Revolution and the resulting Iran-Iraq war. Khomeini pitted Saddam against a torrent of Islamic radicalism as he faced his own people who were inspired by the Iranian Revolution and eight years of "Holy War" against Iranians who utilized suicide tactics, which wreaked havoc on the Armed Forces who ultimately solved this problem with Chemical Weapons.

In Iraq itself he abolished sharia courts, cracked down ruthlessly against any Islamist movement, responding with mass executions and torture whenever he felt threatened by them, liberalized society by promoting western ideals of society and law he allegedly bragged to western diplomats that the "National Drink" of Iraq was Johnnie Walker Blue Label [45] and usually kept secular Sunnis and Christians within his government. Ultimately, Saddam's resulting image in the Arab world was not of Islamism, but one of the most secular and anti-Islamist leaders of his generation.

Therefore, Saddam had been long viewed unfavorably by Islamists, regardless of their allegiance or political ideology, with the general view of him being a corrupt, dishonest, and self-serving dictator rather than an Islamic Leader, an image he tried to portray in his later years in power he shocked the Arab world when he had a Quran commissioned to be written in his blood. As such, many analysts found it impossible that Saddam would support Radical Islamists such as al-Qaeda after fighting Iran for eight years and suppressing his own Islamist rebellions throughout the 90's.

Those forces mostly operated in areas not under Saddam's control. Sudanese Islamic leader Hassan al-Turabi, to protect his ties with Iraq, brokered an agreement with Bin Laden to stop supporting activities against Saddam. Bin Laden seemed to honor this agreement for a time, although, he continued to aid Islamic extremists in Kurdistan. In the late s, these extremist groups suffered major defeats by Kurdish forces. In , the extremist groups, with help from Bin Laden, re-formed into an organization called Ansar al-Islam.

There are indications that by then the Iraqi regime tolerated and may even have helped Ansar al Islam against the common Kurdish enemy. Robert Pape 's exhaustive study of suicide terrorism found that "al-Qaeda's transnational suicide terrorists have come overwhelmingly from America's closest allies in the Muslim world and not at all from the Muslim regimes that the U.

State Department considers 'state sponsors of terrorism'. Daniel Byman's study of state sponsorship of terrorism similarly did not list Iraq as a significant state sponsor, and called the al-Qaeda connection "a rationale that before the war was strained and after it seems an ever-weaker reed. The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence reviewed the CIA's investigation and concluded that the CIA's conclusion that there was no evidence of operational collaboration was justified.

While Saddam was not involved in the September 11 attacks, members of his government did have contacts with al-Qaeda over the years; many of the links, as will be seen below, are not considered by experts and analysts as convincing evidence of a collaborative operational relationship. Former counterterrorism czar Richard A. Clarke writes,. That does not make them 'intelligence'. Intelligence involves analysis of raw reports, not merely their enumeration or weighing them by the pound.

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Analysis, in turn, involves finding independent means of corroborating the reports. Did al-Qaeda agents ever talk to Iraqi agents? I would be startled if they had not. I would also be startled if American, Israeli, Iranian, British, or Jordanian agents had somehow failed to talk to al-Qaeda or Iraqi agents. Talking to each other is what intelligence agents do, often under assumed identities or 'false flags,' looking for information or possible defectors.

Saddam Hussein had his agenda and al-Qaida had its agenda, and those two agendas were incompatible. And so if there was any contact between them, it was a contact that was rebuffed rather than a contact that led to meaningful relationships between them. The purported meeting in Prague between Mohammed Atta and an Iraqi Intelligence officer, regarding which Vice President Cheney had stated "we've never been able to develop any more of that yet either in terms of confirming it or discrediting it", [15] was dismissed by CIA Director George Tenet , who told the Senate Intelligence Committee in February that there was no evidence to support that allegation.


In fact, the FBI had evidence that Atta was in Florida at the time, taking aircraft flight training; and the Iraqi officer in question, Ahmed Khalil Ibrahim Samir al Ani , has been captured and maintains he has never met Atta. The repeated accusation by Vice President Cheney that Iraq harbored Abdul Rahman Yasin , one of the perpetrators of the World Trade Center bombing, conflicts with Iraq's offer to the FBI of extradition for Yasin in return for a statement clearing Iraq from any role in the attack. In June , an unnamed US intelligence official told 60 Minutes that Iraq had attached "extreme conditions" to the handing over of Yasin.

According to the official, the Iraqis wanted the U. Former National Security Council counterterrorism directors Daniel Benjamin and Steven Simon summarized the problem with the Bush Administration's view in the eyes of the intelligence community: "The administration pressed its case for war most emphatically by arguing that U. The argument had the obvious virtue of playing to the public's desire to see the war on terrorism prosecuted aggressively and conclusively.

Yet, scant proof of these links was presented. The record showed a small number of contacts between jihadists and Iraqi officials. This was treated as the tip of an unseen iceberg of cooperation, even though it fell far short of anything that resembled significant cooperation in the eyes of the counterterrorism community—as it always had.

No persuasive proof was given of money, weaponry, or training being provided. Lawrence B. Wilkerson , has since revealed that "as the administration authorized harsh interrogation in April and May —well before the Justice Department had rendered any legal opinion—its principal priority for intelligence was not aimed at pre-empting another terrorist attack on the U. Just prior to Saddam's invasion of Kuwait, Saddam turned to religion perhaps to bolster his government for example, adding the words " God is Great " in Arabic to the flag , and referring to God in his speeches.

After Saddam lost the Gulf War and facing widespread rebellions from the Shia majority , he identified more closely with Islam by hosting international conferences and broadcasting Islamic sermons on national radio. Some sources allege that several meetings between top Iraqi operatives and bin Laden took place, but these claims have been disputed by many other sources, including most of the original intelligence agencies that investigated these sources in the first place. Many in the intelligence community are skeptical about whether such meetings, if they took place at all, ever resulted in any meaningful relationship.

Many of the claims of actual collaboration seem to have originated with people associated with the Iraqi National Congress whose credibility has been impeached and who have been accused of manipulating the evidence in order to lure the United States into war on false pretenses. In addition, many of the raw intelligence reports came to the awareness of the public through the leaking of a memo sent from Undersecretary of Defense for Policy Douglas J. Feith to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, [57] the conclusions of which have been disputed by intelligence agencies including the CIA.

Feith's view of the relationship between Saddam and Osama differed from the official view of the intelligence community. The memo was subsequently leaked to the media. The Pentagon issued a statement cautioning that the memo was "a classified annex containing a list and description of the requested reports, so that the committee could obtain the reports from the relevant members of the intelligence community The classified annex was not an analysis of the substantive issue of the relationship between Iraq and al Qaeda, and it drew no conclusions.


Patrick Lang told the Washington Post that the Weekly Standard article which published Feith's memo "is a listing of a mass of unconfirmed reports, many of which themselves indicate that the two groups continued to try to establish some sort of relationship. If they had such a productive relationship, why did they have to keep trying? Some have suggested that an understanding was reached between Iraq and al-Qaeda, namely that al-Qaeda would not act against Saddam in exchange for Iraqi support, primarily in the form of training. No evidence of such an understanding has ever been produced.

Some reports claim that Mohamed Atta met with an Iraqi intelligence operative in Prague, but intelligence officials have concluded that no such meeting took place. A training camp in Salman Pak , south of Baghdad, was said by a number of defectors to have been used to train international terrorists assumed to be al-Qaeda members in hijacking techniques using a real airplane as a prop.

The defectors were inconsistent about a number of details. The camp has been examined by U. Marines, and intelligence analysts do not believe it was used by al-Qaeda. Some of these analysts believe it was actually used for counterterrorism training, while others believe it was used to train foreign fighters overtly aligned with Iraq. There have been no credible reports since the war that Iraq trained al-Qa'ida operatives at Salman Pak to conduct or support transnational terrorist operations.

In November , a month after the September 11th attacks , Mubarak al-Duri was contacted by Sudanese intelligence services who informed him that the FBI had sent Jack Cloonan and several other agents, to speak with a number of people known to have ties to Bin Laden. They were asked whether there was any possible connection between Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda , and laughed stating that Bin Laden hated the dictator who he believed was a "Scotch-drinking, woman-chasing apostate.

Much of the evidence of alleged links between Iraq and al-Qaeda is based on speculation about meetings that may have taken place between Iraqi officials and al-Qaeda members. The idea that a meeting could have happened has been taken as evidence of substantial collaboration. As terrorism analyst Evan Kohlman points out, "While there have been a number of promising intelligence leads hinting at possible meetings between al-Qaeda members and elements of the former Baghdad regime, nothing has been yet shown demonstrating that these potential contacts were historically any more significant than the same level of communication maintained between Osama bin Laden and ruling elements in a number of Iraq's Persian Gulf neighbors, including Saudi Arabia, Iran, Yemen, Qatar, and Kuwait.

Security Council on the issue of Iraq. Powell acknowledged in January that the speech presented no hard evidence of collaboration between Saddam and al-Qaeda; he told reporters at a State Department press conference that "I have not seen smoking gun, concrete evidence about the connection, but I do believe the connections existed. He told Barbara Walters in an interview that he considered the speech a "blot" on his record and that he feels "terrible" about assertions that he made in the speech that turned out to be false.

He said, "There were some people in the intelligence community who knew at that time that some of these sources were not good, and shouldn't be relied upon, and they didn't speak up. That devastated me. I can't think otherwise because I'd never seen evidence to suggest there was one. The major claims set forth in Powell's speech—that Jordanian terrorist Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi constitutes a link between Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda, and that Saddam's government provided training and assistance to al-Qaeda terrorists in Baghdad—have since been disputed by the intelligence community and terrorism experts.

A former Israeli intelligence official described the meeting between Zarqawi and bin Laden as "loathing at first sight. According to the New York Times , al-Libi provided some accurate intelligence on al Qaeda and made some statements about Iraq and al Qaeda while in American custody, but it wasn't until being after he was handed over to Egypt that he made more specific assertions about Iraq training al Qaeda members in biological and chemical weapons. A DIA report issued in February expressed skepticism about al-Libi's claims due to this, noting that he may have been subjected to harsh treatment while in Egyptian custody.

In February , the CIA reissued the debriefing reports from al-Libi to note that he had recanted information. A government official told the New York Times that al Libi's claims of harsh treatment had not been corroborated and the CIA has refused to comment specifically on al-Libi's case as much of the information remains classified; however, current and former government officials agreed to discuss the case on condition of anonymity. Several official investigations by U. Every single investigation has resulted in the conclusion that the data examined did not provide compelling evidence of a cooperative relationship between the two entities.

After the attack on the World Trade Center in , there were several investigations of possible collaboration between Saddam Hussein and the terrorists who attacked the building.