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Increased functional connectivity with puberty within the mentalising network involved in social emotion processing. Hormones and Behavior, 64 2 , Mental imagery, emotion and psychopathology across child and adolescent development. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 5, Pearson, D. Assessing mental imagery in clinical psychology: A review of imagery measures and a guiding framework. Clinical Psychology Review, 33 1 : Goddings, A. The relationship between puberty and social emotion processing. Developmental Science, 15 6 , Impulsivity and rapid decision-making for reward.

Frontiers in Psychology , 3 Development of visual working memory precision in childhood. Developmental Science, 4, Burnett, S. The social brain in adolescence: Evidence from functional magnetic brain imaging. Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews, 35 8 , Richardson, F. Auditory short-term memory capacity correlates with grey matter density in the left posterior superior temporal sulcus in cognitively normal and dyslexic adults. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience , 23 12 , Pubertal development of the understanding of social emotions. Learning and Individual Differences , 21 6 Cognitive neuroscience: Distinguishing self from other.

Dispatch for Current Biology 21 5 , RR Jones, A. Feeling, caring, knowing: Different types of empathy deficit in boys with psychopathic tendencies and autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51 11 , Blakemore, S. The role of puberty in the developing adolescent brain. Human Brain Mapping, 31 6 , Adolescents' heightened risk-seeking in a probabilistic gambling task. Cognitive Development, 25 2 , Functional connectivity during a social emotion task in adolescents and in adults.

European Journal of Neuroscience 29 6 , Development during adolescence of the neural processing of social emotion. With time since injury, children with severe cerebral insults, from disadvantaged social backgrounds and with limited access to support resources, exhibit significantly greater impairment and slower recovery than children with adequate social resources Breslau, ; Taylor and Schatschneider, ; Taylor and Alden, Of note, recent research suggests that a focus on the child's environment, via parenting interventions, may enhance the injured child's recovery Woods et al , in press.

Findings in this area have particular relevance to clinical practice, with environment and experience being unique in that they have the potential to be manipulated post-early brain insult in order to maximize recovery. To date, child-based research has generally failed to replicate findings from animal studies with respect to optimal timing for intervention Fineman et al. Plasticity and recovery of function are concepts that have captured the interest of developmental neurobiologists, neurologists and neuropsychologists for several decades now, leading to a series of fundamental principles, and redefined ideas about neural and functional development and the repercussions of interruptions to these processes.

The emerging picture depicts the young brain as dynamic, in constant interaction with the environment, and responding adaptively to learning and experience. In the context of injury, these predetermined processes continue, but appear to be vulnerable to disruption, particularly in the context on early brain insult. While the nature and extent of disruption due to early brain insult remains imperfectly defined, it is clear that recovery and outcome are underpinned by a range of complex neural processes that appear to be specific to the immature brain.

Thus, neither early plasticity nor early vulnerability perspectives in isolation are able to explain the range of consequences observed in the wake of early brain insult. Rather, as illustrated in Fig.

Recensie(s)

Evidence is building at multiple levels of investigation—basic science, clinical neurology and behavioural sciences—to highlight the increased risk of morbidity following early brain insult, as compared with similar later insult. This elevated risk is associated with the immaturity of the CNS, and the potential that disruption will lead not only to direct, injury-specific insult, but will also derail ongoing developmental processes.

This work is still in its infancy. The challenge then is to identify acute interventions, tailored specifically to the developing brain, which will minimize secondary effects of brain insult e. Increases in our evidence base highlight specific risks associated with more severe insult, young age at insult, social disadvantage and, potentially, male gender. When any two or more of these factors occur together e.

This pattern of findings has important clinical implications. First, long-term outcome studies are important to map the full extent of the neurobehavioural recovery after early brain insult and predictors of these outcomes, including studies following survivors of early brain insult into adolescence. Thirdly, while injury and developmental factors are difficult to influence, the experience and environmental dimensions offer opportunities for intervention. Specifically, child-based rehabilitation, school-based assistance and parent support, each of which take advantage of the potential of the CNS to modify based on external input, may be critical to optimize recovery and outcome for the injured child.

The empirical base for effective treatments for child brain injury is limited, and plagued by ethical challenges. Despite this, there is a small and growing body of literature that demonstrates enhanced recovery post-early brain insult in a range of domains including: motor function e.

There is a need to expand these intervention options in order to maximize outcomes and future quality of life for survivors of early brain insult. Despite technological and scientific progress over recent decades, theoretical advances have been slower to emerge. More than years ago, researchers grappled with the issues that continue to capture our interest, albeit without the sophisticated tools that we now have available. Today, we have made significant gains in our knowledge within individual disciplines. Basic scientists can now identify genetic mechanisms and age-specific recovery processes; psychologists have more sensitive tools with which to measure neurobehavioural impairment; and the clinical neuroscientist has developed methods to more directly picture neural and functional recovery.

While progressing largely in parallel, the potential synergies across research focusing on neural and functional processes and outcomes are becoming evident as researchers in each area begin to drill down to consider the various potential influences on recovery processes. The future challenge is to embark on translational research that brings together bench science, behavioural research, neuroimaging and clinical expertise, to share knowledge and concepts and direct new research paradigms appropriately and lead the way in developing effective treatments.

Multi-centre, longitudinal research, employing such a cross-discipline approach is likely to be particularly effective in achieving these goals. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Sign In or Create an Account. Sign In. Advanced Search. Article Navigation.

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Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Volume Article Contents. Normal development. Mechanisms underpinning recovery. Early plasticity versus early vulnerability: theoretical principles and developmental considerations. Assessing plasticity and recovery from early brain insult: developmental and measurement considerations.

Neurobehavioural recovery from early brain insult—early plasticity or early vulnerability: what is the evidence? Factors impacting recovery following early brain insult. Recovery from early brain insult: early plasticity, early vulnerability or a continuum? Future directions. Do children really recover better? Neurobehavioural plasticity after early brain insult Vicki Anderson. Oxford Academic. Google Scholar. Megan Spencer-Smith. Amanda Wood. Article history. Revision Received:. Cite Citation. Permissions Icon Permissions. Abstract Plasticity is an intrinsic property of the central nervous system, reflecting its capacity to respond in a dynamic manner to the environment and experience via modification of neural circuitry.

View large Download slide. Table 1. Factors affecting cerebral organization of language following early brain insult.

Developmental Social Neuroscience and Childhood Brain Insult

View Large. Table 2. Developmental stage and associated neural and behavioural recovery after early brain injury. Search ADS. Google Preview. Differential functional magnetic resonance imaging language activation in twins discordant for a left frontal tumor. FMRI lateralization of expressive language in children with cerebral lesions. Long-term sequelae of prefrontal cortex damage acquired in early childhood. Survivors of childhood bacterial meningitis: impact of neurological complications and age at illness 12 years post-illness.

Advances in post-acute rehabilitation after childhood-acquired brain injury — a focus on cognitive, behavioural, and social domains. Intellectual outcome from preschool traumatic brain injury: a 5-year prospective, longitudinal study. Does early age at brain insult predict worse outcome? Neuropsychological implications. Thirty-month outcome from early childhood head injury: a prospective analysis of neurobehavioral recovery.

Cognitive and academic outcomes following cranial irradiation and chemotherapy in children: a longitudinal study. Intellectual, educational and behavioural sequelae following cranial irradiation and chemotherapy. Plasticity in the developing brain: intellectual, language and academic functions in children with ischaemic perinatal stroke. Hemiplegia of early onset and the faculty of speech with special reference to the effects of hemispherectomy. Differential effects of unilateral lesions on language production in children and adults. Perceptual asymmetry for chimeric stimuli in children with early unilateral brain damage.

Lest hemisphere regions are critical for language in the face of early left focal brain injury. Neonatal medial prefrontal cortex lesion enhances the sensitivity of the mesoaccumbal dopamine system. Apoptotic neurodegeneration in the context of traumatic injury to the developing brain. Apoptotic neurodegeneration following trauma is markedly enhanced in the immature brain. Development of the adolescent brain: implications for executive function and social cognition.

Rational basis of rehabilitation following cerebral lesions: a review of concept of cerebral palsy. Broca, P. Some papers on the cerebral cortex. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Recovery of function after neonatal or adult hemispherectomy in cats. Limb bias and development, paw usage, locomotion and rehabilitative effects of exercise. Structural and functional brain development and its relation to cognitive development.

Outcome and predictors of functional recovery five years following pediatric traumatic brain injury. A prospective analysis of the recovery of attention following paediatric head injury. Neurobehavioural and neurologic outcome in long-term survivors of posterior fossa brain tumours: role of age and perioperative factors. A multiple-levels-of-analysis perspective on resilience: implications for the developing brain, neural plasticity, and preventative interventions. Recovery from infant medial frontal cortical lesions in rats is reversed by cortical frontal lesions in adulthood.

Early cognition, communication and language in children with focal brain injury. Perceptual, cognitive and linguistic development after early hemisphectomy: two case studies. Capacity and strategy for syntactic comprehension after left or right hemidecortication. Language acquisition following hemidecortication: linguistic superiority of the left over the right hemisphere.

Anterior temporal language areas in patients with early onset of temporal lobe epilepsy. Language dominance in patients with early childhood tumors near left hemisphere language areas. Language cortex representation: effects of developmental versus acquired pathology. Brain plasticity: from pathophysiologic mechanisms to therapeutic applications.

Adolescent neuropsychological development after early right prefrontal cortex damage. Cognitive and behavioural development up to 4 years after early right frontal lobe lesion. Language lateralization correlates with verbal memory performance in children with focal epilepsy.

Longitudinal neuropsychological outcome in infants and preschoolers with traumatic brain injury. Corticospinal tract development and its plasticity after perinatal injury. Functional corticospinal projections are established prenatally in the human foetus permitting involvement in the development of spinal motor centres. Brain calcifications and dementia in children treated with radiotherapy and intrathecal methotrexate. Inhibition of neocortical plasticity during development by a moderate concussive brain injury.

Brief induced hypothermia improves outcomes after asphyxial cardiopulmonary arrest in juvenile rats. Dynamic development of coordination of components in brain and behavior: a framework for theory and research. How the timing and quality of early experiences influence the development of brain architecture. Brain development during childhood and adolescence: a longitudinal MRI study. Experience-dependent behavioral plasticity is disturbed following traumatic brain injury to the immature brain.

Is being plastic really fantastic? Mechanisms of altered plasticity after developmental traumatic brain injury. Predictors of intellectual performance in adults with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. Dynamic mapping of human cortical development during childhood through early adulthood. Functional development of the prefrontal cortex in early life and the problem of neuronal plasticity. Prenatal removal of frontal association cortex in the fetal rhesus monkey: anatomical and functional consequences in post-natal life.

The effect of selective caudate lesions in infant and juvenile rhesus monkeys. Selective sparing of function following prefrontal lobectomy in infant monkeys. Functional recovery in the peripheral and central nervous system after injury. Effects of rearing complexity on dendritic branching in frontolateral and temporal cortex of the rat. Effects of traumatic brain injury on a virtual reality social problem solving task and relations to cortical thickness in adolescence. Plasticity for recovery, plasticity for development: cognitive function in twins discordant for childhood left hemisphere stroke.

Differential capacity of left and right hemispheric areas for compensation of poststroke aphasia. Neuropsychological function 23 years after mild traumatic brain injury. A comparison of outcome after pediatric and adult head injuries. Constraint induced movement therapy in the treatment of upper limb in children woth hemoplegic cerebral palsy: a Cochrane systematic review. Binocular interaction in striate cortex of kittens raised with artificial squint. The period of susceptibility to the physiological effects of unilateral eye closure in kittens. Synaptic density in human frontal cortex- developmental changes and effects of aging.

Effects of enriched environment and fluid percussion injury on dendritic aborization within the cerebral cortex of the developing rat. Effects of hemispheric side of injury, age at injury, and presence of seizure disorder on functional ear and hand asymmetries in hemiplegic children. Hypoxic-ischemic brain injury induces an acute microglial reaction in perinatal rats.

Planning and problem solving skills following focal frontal brain lesions in childhood: analysis using the Tower of London. Neuropsychological outcome after acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: impact of age at illness onset. Sensitive periods in functional brain development: problems and prospects. Intrahemispheric reorganization of language in children with medically intractable epilepsy of the left hemisphere. Neurodevelopmental consequences of early traumatic brain injury in 3-year-old children.

Reorganization of motor function in the cerebral cortex of monkeys deprived of motor and premotor areas in infancy.


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Contralesional repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for chronic hemiparesis in subcortical paediatric stroke: a randomised trial. Bilateral activation of fronto-parietal networks by incrementing demand in a working memory task. Postnatal maturation of the layer III pyramidal neurons in the human prefrontal cortex: a quantitative Golgi analysis.

Postnatal maturation of later V pyramidal neurons in the human prefrontal cortex. A quantitative Golgi analysis. Is there an optimal age for recovery from motor cortex lesions. Behavioral and anatomical sequelae of anatomical bilateral motor cortex lesions in rats on postnatal days 1, 10, and in adulthood. Possible anatomical basis of spatial learning after neonatal prefrontal lesions in rats.

Cortical plasticity and the development of behavior after early frontal cortical injury. Prenatal exposure to prescription medication alters recovery from early brain damage in rats. Neonatal frontal cortical lesions in rats alter cortical structure and connectivity. Tactile stimulation enhances recovery and dendritic growth in rats with neonatal frontal lesions.

Developmental Social Neuroscience and Childhood Brain Insult : Vicki Anderson :

Neonatal motor cortex lesions alter corticospinal projections and dendritic organization in the absence of behavioral sparing. Changes in neonatal gonadal hormonal environment prevent behavioral sparing and alter cortical morphogenesis after early frontal cortex lesions in male and female rats. Recovery of function is associated with increased spine density in cortical pyramidal cells after frontal lesions or noradrenaline depletion in neonatal rats. Recovery from early cortical damage in rats. Effects of hemidecortication at 1, 5 or 10 days of age on cerebral anatomy and behavior.

Unilateral lesions have different behavioral and anatomical effects than bilateral lesions. Brain maturation and cognitive development: comparative and cross cultural perspectives.

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Transient cholinesterase staining in the mediadorsal nucleus of the thalamus and its connections in the developing human and monkey brain. New interpretation of laminar development of cerebral cortex — synaptogenesis in different layers of neopallium in human fetus. Develomental history of the transient subplate zone in the viual and somatosensory cortex of the macaque monkey and human brain.


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  8. Development of prestriate visual projections in the monkey and human fetal cerebrum revealed by transient cholinesterase staining. Relationship between dendritic pruning and behavioral recovery following sensorimotor cortex lesions. Do patients with congenital hemiparesis and ipsilateral corticospinal projections respond differently to constraint induced movement therapy.

    Free radical injury and blood-brain barrier permeability in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Verbal and non-verbal factors in right hemisphere speech: relation to early neurological history.


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    Language reorganization in children with early-onset lesions of the left hemisphere: an fMRI study. Maternal care, hippocampal synaptogenesis and cognitive development in rats. Cognitive development in children born preterm: implications for theories of brain plasticity following early injury. Studies of brain and cognitive maturation through childhood and adolescence: a strategy for testing neurodevelopmental hypotheses.

    Effects of visual experience on activity-dependent gene regulation in cortex. FGF-2 induced cell proliferation stimulates anatomical, neurophysiological and functional recovery from neonatal motor cortex injury. Prenatal neurobiological development: molecular mechanisms and anatomical change.

    A matched lesion analysis of childhood versus adult-onset brain injury due to unilateral stroke.

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    Prenatal development of neurons in the human prefrontal cortex. A qualitative golgi study. Neuronal development in human prefrontal cortex in prenatal and postnatal stages. Language organization in patients with early and late left-hemisphere lesion: a PET study. Brain organization of language after early unilateral lesion: a PET study. Gesammelte Mittheilung aus den Jahre — In: G. Springfield, IL: Thomas; Neurobiology of cognitive and language processing: effects of early experience. Reorganization of movement representations in primary motor cortex following focal ischemic infarcts in adult squirrel monkeys.

    Hypoxic-ischemic injury stimulates subventricular zone proliferation and neurogenesis in the neonatal rat. White matter changes in children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Predicting intellectual outcome among children treated with 35—40 Gy craniosinal irradiation for medulloblastoma. Structural maturation of neural pathways in children and adolescents: in vivo study. Neuropsychological problems after paediatric stroke: two year follow-up of Swiss children. The implications of childhood bacterial meningitis for language development.

    Do lesion site and severity predict deficits in attentional control after preschool traumatic brain injury. Traumatic injury to the immature brain results in progressive neuronal loss, hyperactivity and delayed cognitive impairments. Dendritic differentiation in human cerebral cortex: normal and aberrant developmental patterns. Regional brain activation after early left and right hemisphere stroke: relation to cognitive functioning. Defects of neuronal migration and the pathogenesis of cortical malformations. Concurrent overproduction of synapses in diverse regions of the primate cerebral cortex.

    Cognitive outcome at early school age in term born children with perinatally acquired middle cerebral artery territory infarction. Late effect of unilateral brain lesions before and after the first year of life. Rehabilitation of brain damage: brain plasticity and principles of guided recovery. Psychobiology of plasticity: effects of training and experience on brain and behavior. Restitution and substitution: two theories of recovery with application to neurobehavioral treatment.

    Language processing in children and adolescents with early unilateral focal brain lesions: an FMRI study. A systematic review and meta-analysis of therapeutic management of upper-limb dysfunction in children with congenital hemiplegia. Degradation rates of acetylcholine receptors can be modified in the postjunctional plasma membrane of the vertebrate neuromuscular junction.

    Sensory deprivation stress and supplemental stimulation in the rat pup and preterm human neonate. Behavioral and morphological alterations following neonatal exitotoxic lesions in medial prefrontal cortex in rats. Common cortical and subcortical targets of the dorsolateral prefrontal and posterior parietal cortices in the rhesus monkey: evidence for a distributed neural network subserving spatially guided behavior.

    Alterations in functional connectivity for language in prematurely born adolescents. Early and long term recovery from brain damage in children and adults: evolution of concepts of localization, plasticity and recovery. However, the literature on this topic remains scattered and fragmentary. Finally, we have a volume that brings together research on different disorders and from multiple disciplines, within a single, coherent theoretical framework. I highly recommend this book for clinicians, instructors, students, and scientists alike.

    Johnson, PhD, Professor and Director, Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, University of London, United Kingdom This informative, innovative volume proposes a framework for understanding how social skills typically develop and why children with brain disorders often have problems in this area.

    The book addresses both theoretical and practical considerations in conceptualizing and measuring social skills disturbances in children and providing rehabilitative interventions. The developmental social neuroscience perspective introduced here will be valuable for anyone involved in neuropsychological rehabilitation of children with brain disorders. Prigatano, PhD, Newsome Chair, Department of Clinical Neuropsychology, Barrow Neurological Institute The editors have put together an authoritative volume at the expanding edge of the exciting new field of developmental social neuroscience.

    Grounded in Anderson and Beauchamp's comprehensive theory of the neural, cognitive, and environmental predictors of social skills, the chapters skillfully weave together theory and empirical research on the social consequences of childhood brain insult, with a strong emphasis on assessment and intervention. This fresh, thought-provoking volume will inform my own work and is a terrific resource for researchers, educators, clinicians, and graduate students seeking to integrate neuroscience and social development.

    Toon meer Toon minder. Lees de eerste pagina's.