Specifically, He compares the sinner to the person who is physical ill and in need of a doctor. The doctor can only save you if you go to him. In the same way, we are all sinners in desperate need of salvation, which only comes through repentance and faith in Jesus. Apart from Jesus, we will die in our sins John Only Jesus has the solution—the cure—to our sin problem.
Now that might sound very narrow. But the truth is always narrow. My math students knew this very well. I used to be a full-time high school math and science teacher. If I were to ask my students for the cube root of 27, I would expect a very specific answer. Even though there are an infinite number of possible answers, only one is true.
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The true answer is 3. All other numerical answers e.
Jesus is the true solution to our sin problem. Let me anticipate another possible objection. How many is all? But we also know this to be true apart from the Bible. Remember the ransom has been paid. God has taken the first step. Now Jesus is calling sinners to respond to that act of grace. Jesus is inviting all people to turn to Him and put their trust in Him. For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life.
Now this is the greatest Christmas gift one can receive—the gift of eternal life. Jesus came to give eternal life to whoever believes in Jesus.
What is the historical evidence that Jesus Christ lived and died?
It only comes once you put your trust in Jesus. You have to believe in Him. What does Jesus mean by condemned already? The bad news is that we are all sinners and the wages of sin is death. God is an absolutely holy and just Being. He cannot allow sins to go unpunished.
In fact, it would be unjust for God to allow sinners off scot-free. But, please know, there is no third option. So why did Jesus come? The Bible has stories about a talking snake Genesis ; a tree bearing fruit which, when eaten, gives knowledge of good and evil Genesis ; ; another tree whose fruit bestows immortality Genesis ; a voice coming from a burning bush Exodus ; a talking donkey Numbers ; rods turning into serpents Exodus ; water changing into blood Exodus ; water coming from a rock Numbers ; a dead man reviving when his corpse touched the bones of a prophet II Kings ; and other people rising from the dead e.
These biblical myths support the belief, which has been held by primitive and illiterate people throughout history, that supernatural beings frequently and arbitrarily intervene in this world.
Our experience is that the natural world operates according to principles of regularity — which are never violated. We also know from experience that many people are often mistaken or dishonest. Because of believing that supernatural beings control the world, people have often misdirected their energies in attempting to solve problems. Instead of studying the world to discover scientific solutions to problems, they performed religious activities in an effort to obtain the assistance of benevolent supernatural beings or thwart the influence of malicious ones.
This misdirection of energies is seen, for instance, in the history of the attempts to prevent the outbreak and spread of diseases in Europe. The historian Andrew White relates that, during many centuries in the Middle Ages, the filthiness of European cities repeatedly caused great plagues that sent multitudes to their graves.
Based on biblical teachings, Christian theologians during those centuries thought the plagues were caused by the anger of God or the malevolence of Satan. It contains numerous instances of God punishing people by means of pestilence e. Those teachings led the early church leaders to promote the idea that demonic activity is the primary cause of disease. For example, St. With the coming of the Protestant Reformation in the sixteenth century, there was little change in the Christian attitude toward the causes of disease.
As a result of believing in supernatural causes of disease, theologians taught that plagues could be averted or stopped by seeking supernatural assistance. These included repenting from sin; providing gifts to churches, monasteries, and shrines; participating in religious processions; attending church services which often only increased the spread of disease ; and killing Jews and witches since it was thought Satan used them as his agents in causing illness. White states that despite all the prayers, rituals, and other religious activities performed throughout the centuries, the frequency and severity of plagues did not diminish until scientific hygiene made its appearance.
The superior results of using science instead of religion can be seen in many other fields. Humanists therefore accept the scientific view that this world operates under unvarying natural laws that cannot be suspended by religious rituals or other means. And Humanists esteem highly those who study this world and provide a better understanding of it.
Unlike the theologians who focus on influencing supposed supernatural powers, persons using a scientific outlook have enabled great progress to be made in reducing misery and increasing happiness. Humanists also repudiate the Bible because of its mistaken ideas about the structure of the physical world. In the sixteenth century, Copernicus proposed this theory about the double motion of the earth.
To oppose the Copernican doctrine and show that the earth remains stationary while the sun moves around it, the Catholic Church pointed to the tenth chapter of the book of Joshua. For generations the major branches of Protestantism — Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican — denounced the Copernican doctrine as contrary to scripture.
The Bible supports the primitive notion of a flat earth. In the sixth century, a Christian monk named Cosmas wrote a book, titled Topographia Christiana, describing the structure of the physical world. Basing his views on the Bible, Cosmas said the earth is flat and surrounded by four seas. The prophecy at Revelation was a basis for his conclusion. Because of such Bible teachings, most of the early church fathers thought the earth is flat.
These verses reflect the belief of the ancient Hebrews that the earth rests upon pillars. The Bible promotes the idea that the sky is a solid dome covering the earth. This concept of the sky was common in the ancient Near East and taken for granted by the Bible writers. Orthodox doctrine also contained the related idea that the firmament has windows — which are opened by angels when God wants to send rain upon the earth. Cosmas believed that when the windows are opened, some of the waters contained above the firmament which are mentioned at Genesis fall to the earth.
Bible stories led the Christian world to believe — for centuries — that God sends humankind signs in the heavens. Christians thought comets warn of divine anger and imminent punishment; stars and meteors portend beneficial events such as the birth of heroes and great men; eclipses signify divine distress in response to events on earth; and storms and other destructive weather result from the anger of God or the malice of Satan. The Bible has verses mentioning dragons Jeremiah , unicorns Isaiah , and cockatrices Isaiah These passages led many naturalists in the Middle Ages to think such mythical creatures actually exist.
White summarizes the historical results of relying on the Bible for answers about the physical world. Being so greatly in error regarding the tangible and observable universe, the Bible cannot be considered a reliable guide for spiritual and ethical issues. Prophecies in the Bible further strengthen the Humanist view. Because many of the prophecies turned out to be false, they prove the Bible is not inerrant. The Bible itself contains a test for determining whether a prophecy was inspired by God. Applying this test to the Bible leads to one conclusion: the book contains many statements that were not inspired by God.
Genesis says the Lord warned Adam and Eve about the fruit contained on the tree of knowledge. And he said, Here am I. Isaiah prophesies that Damascus would cease to be a city, become a heap of ruins, and remain forever desolate. Yet some 27 centuries after the prediction was made, Damascus is one of the oldest cities in the world and is still going strong. Jeremiah predicts the Jews would be captives in Babylon for 70 years, and II Chronicles views the prophecy as fulfilled. But the Jews were taken into captivity by the Chaldeans when Jerusalem fell in B.
And Cyrus of Persia issued an order in B. Thus, the Babylonian captivity lasted about 48 years.
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For example, he was wrong in predicting the world would end within the lifetime of his followers. Similarly, Jesus is depicted at Mark as listing signs that shall accompany the end of the world. These include the sun becoming darkened, the moon not giving any light, the stars of heaven falling, the son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory, and angels gathering the elect. Jesus also erred in predicting the amount of time he would be in the tomb. But Mark and Matthew tell us he left the tomb sometime on Saturday night or Sunday morning.
Either way, the amount of time was less than three nights. Another significant false prophecy is at John If ye ask any thing in my name, I will do it. And the graveyards are full of people who prayed to him for health. As is the case with other incorrect statements in the Bible, false prophecies cast doubt on all biblical claims.
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Historians have long known that the biblical story of a worldwide flood is a myth. For instance, Andrew White says nineteenth-century Egyptologists found that Egypt had a flourishing civilization long before Noah, and no flood had ever interrupted it. The book of Exodus claims to contain a historical record of the escape of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt.
But historians and archaeologists have been unable to verify any of the events described in the book. No known Egyptian records refer to the biblical Moses, the devastating plagues God supposedly inflicted on the country, the escape of the Hebrew slaves, or the drowning of the Egyptian army. The book of Esther purports to describe how a young Jewish girl named Esther was chosen by the Persian king Xerxes I to be queen after he had divorced Vashti.
Although historians know a great deal about Xerxes I, there is no record that he had a Jewish queen named Esther or was married to Vashti. Additionally, the book of Esther describes the Persian empire as having provinces, but historians maintain there was no such division of the empire. The book of Daniel describes events that supposedly happened during the Babylonian captivity of the Jews.
The fifth chapter states that Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonian king, was succeeded on the throne by his son Belshazzar. But historians tell us Belshazzar was not the son of Nebuchadnezzar and was never king. In contrast, historians know that Cyrus of Persia took Babylon. In the New Testament, the second chapter of Luke asserts that shortly before the birth of Jesus, the emperor Augustus ordered a census throughout the Roman world. Luke claims that every person had to travel to the town of his ancestors for the census to be taken.
He identifies the census as the reason for Joseph and Mary traveling from Nazareth to Bethlehem, where Jesus is said to have been born. In his book Gospel Fictions, Randall Helms says this type of census was never taken in the history of the Roman Empire. According to Genesis chapter 1, Adam was created along with the rest of the universe during the course of one week.
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The Bible thus views the human race and the universe as having existed for a relatively short period, probably no more than several thousand years. Historians and scientists give a much longer historical record. Matthew chapter 2 avers that shortly after the birth of Jesus, King Herod ordered the massacre of all male children two years of age or under in Bethlehem and its vicinity. Matthew alleges that while Jesus was on the cross, there fell over the whole land a darkness lasting from midday until three in the afternoon. Andrew White explains that although Romans such as Seneca and Pliny carefully described much less striking occurrences of the same sort in more remote regions, they failed to note any such darkness occurring even in Judea.
Finally, the previously discussed contradictions can be cited as examples of historical inaccuracies. In each instance where the Bible contains a contradiction about an alleged historical event, at least one of the accounts is wrong. The Bible writers were poor historians, let alone conveyers of messages from an infallible God.
There are other reasons why the Bible should not be considered the word of God. Some people use Bible verses to justify beating children, withholding medical treatment, handling snakes, drinking poison, chopping off body parts, plucking out eyes, driving out demons, withdrawing from the affairs of this world, renouncing the pleasures of life, and expecting the world to end. Many compelling and morally sound reasons support the Humanist position that the Bible is not divinely inspired. Instead of being inerrant, the Bible has far more errors and immoral teachings than most other books.
By treating this mistake-ridden book as the word of God, humanity has been led down many paths of error and misery throughout history. In too many ways, the Bible continues to produce such results. But in some cases, the errors caused by the Bible have been corrected and the harms have been stopped. This happened when a scientific approach was applied to problems.
Science involves relying on reason, observation, experience, and compassion — rather than blindly accepting religious or secular dogma. As Humanists know, science has proved to be a much better source for answers. It is absolutely infallible, without error in all matters pertaining to faith and practice, as well as in areas such as geography, science, history, etc. V New York: Dresden, , p. II New York: D. Appleton and Co. See also Draper, John W. Appleton and Company, , pp.
Altadena, California: Millennium Press, , pp.
Palo Alto and London: Mayfield Publishing, , p. I Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, , p. By Joseph C. Sommer Introduction Humanists reject the claim that the Bible is the word of God. Importance of the Subject In the United States, the Bible is often hailed as a divinely inspired book. Contradictions The Bible is an unreliable authority because it contains numerous contradictions. Examples of Old Testament Contradictions The contradictions start in the opening chapters of the Bible, where inconsistent creation stories are told.
Examples of New Testament Contradictions In the New Testament, there are contradictions between the genealogies of Jesus given in the first chapter of Matthew and the third chapter of Luke. Cruelties Humanists also reject the Bible because it approves of outrageous cruelty and injustice.
Cruelty in Basic Christian Teachings Instances of cruel and unjust behavior by the biblical God are seen in the most basic Christian doctrines.