The book has been variously described as 'factually groundless',  based on 'little data' and 'wild suppositions',  'disturbing' and 'tawdry'. Judas has been a figure of great interest to esoteric groups, such as many Gnostic sects. Irenaeus records the beliefs of one Gnostic sect, the Cainites , who believed that Judas was an instrument of the Sophia , Divine Wisdom, thus earning the hatred of the Demiurge. His betrayal of Jesus thus was a victory over the materialist world. The Cainites later split into two groups, disagreeing over the ultimate significance of Jesus in their cosmology.
This pseudepigraphic work tells how Judas, as a boy, was possessed by Satan , who caused him to bite himself or anyone else present. In one of these attacks, Judas bit the young Jesus in the side; and, by touching Him, Satan was exorcised. It further states that the side which Judas supposedly bit was the same side that was pierced by the Holy Lance at the Crucifixion.
During the s, a Coptic papyrus codex book was discovered near Beni Masah, Egypt. It appeared to be a 3rd- or 4th-century-AD copy of a 2nd-century original,   relating a series of conversations in which Jesus and Judas interact and discuss the nature of the universe from a Gnostic viewpoint.
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The discovery was given dramatic international exposure in April when the US National Geographic magazine published a feature article entitled "The Gospel of Judas" with images of the fragile codex and analytical commentary by relevant experts and interested observers but not a comprehensive translation.
The article's introduction stated: "An ancient text lost for 1, years says Christ's betrayer was his truest disciple. Before the magazine's edition was circulated, other news media gave exposure to the story, abridging and selectively reporting it. DeConick raises about translation choices are addressed in footnotes in both the popular and critical editions.
She concluded that the ongoing clash between scriptural fundamentalism and attempts at revision were childish because of the unreliability of the sources. Therefore, she argued, "People interpret, and cheat. The answer is not to fix the Bible but to fix ourselves.
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According to medieval copies the earliest copies from the 15th century of the Gospel of Barnabas it was Judas, not Jesus, who was crucified on the cross. This work states that Judas's appearance was transformed to that of Jesus', when the former, out of betrayal, led the Roman soldiers to arrest Jesus who by then was ascended to the heavens.
This transformation of appearance was so identical that the masses, followers of Christ, and even the Mother of Jesus, Mary, initially thought that the one arrested and crucified was Jesus himself. The gospel then mentions that after three days since burial, Judas' body was stolen from his grave, and then the rumors spread of Jesus being risen from the dead. When Jesus was informed in the third heaven about what happened, he prayed to God to be sent back to the earth, and descended and gathered his mother, disciples, and followers, and told them the truth of what happened.
He then ascended back to the heavens, and will come back at the end of times as a just king. This Gospel is considered by the majority of Christians to be late and pseudepigraphical; however, some academics suggest that it may contain some remnants of an earlier apocryphal work perhaps Gnostic, Ebionite or Diatessaronic , redacted to bring it more in line with Islamic doctrine. Some Muslims consider the surviving versions as transmitting a suppressed apostolic original.
Some Islamic organizations cite it in support of the Islamic view of Jesus.
The term Judas has entered many languages as a synonym for betrayer , and Judas has become the archetype of the traitor in Western art and literature. Judas is given some role in virtually all literature telling the Passion story, and appears in numerous modern novels and movies. In the Eastern Orthodox hymns of Holy Wednesday the Wednesday before Pascha , Judas is contrasted with the woman who anointed Jesus with expensive perfume and washed his feet with her tears. According to the Gospel of John , Judas protested at this apparent extravagance, suggesting that the money spent on it should have been given to the poor.
After this, Judas went to the chief priests and offered to betray Jesus for money. The hymns of Holy Wednesday contrast these two figures, encouraging believers to avoid the example of the fallen disciple and instead to imitate Mary's example of repentance. Also, Wednesday is observed as a day of fasting from meat, dairy products, and olive oil throughout the year in memory of the betrayal of Judas. The prayers of preparation for receiving the Eucharist also make mention of Judas's betrayal: "I will not reveal your mysteries to your enemies, neither like Judas will I betray you with a kiss, but like the thief on the cross I will confess you.
Judas Iscariot is often shown with red hair in Spanish culture    and by William Shakespeare. In paintings depicting the Last Supper, Judas is occasionally depicted with a dark-colored halo contrasting with the lighter halos of the other apostles to signify his former status as an apostle.
More commonly, however, he is the only one at the table without one. In some church stained glass windows he is also depicted with a dark halo such as in one of the windows of the Church of St John the Baptist, Yeovil.
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Judas is the subject of one of the oldest surviving English ballads, which dates from the 13th century. In the ballad , the blame for the betrayal of Christ is placed on his sister. He is one of three sinners deemed evil enough to be doomed to an eternity of being chewed in the mouths of the triple-headed Satan the others being Brutus and Cassius , the assassins of Julius Caesar.
In Memoirs of Judas by Ferdinando Petruccelli della Gattina , he is seen as a leader of the Jewish revolt against the rule of Romans. In Mikhail Bulgakov 's novel The Master and Margarita , Judas is paid by the high priest of Judaea to testify against Jesus, who had been inciting trouble among the people of Jerusalem. After authorizing the crucifixion, Pilate suffers an agony of regret and turns his anger on Judas, ordering him assassinated. The story within a story appears as a counter-revolutionary novel in the context of Moscow in the s—s.
It was included in Borges' anthology, Ficciones , published in , and revolves around the main character's doubts about the canonical story of Judas who instead creates three alternative versions. The episode's main character, played by Berry Kroeger , recites the fate of Judas from Matthew King James version at the episode's conclusion.
Tyndale’s Betrayal and Death
In Martin Scorsese 's film The Last Temptation of Christ , based on the novel by Nikos Kazantzakis , Judas Iscariot's only motivation in betraying Jesus to the Romans was to help him accomplish his mission by mutual agreement, making Judas the catalyst for the event later interpreted as bringing about humanity's salvation. God punishes Judas, not only for betraying Jesus, but attempting suicide at dawn, by turning him into the first vampire, and making him vulnerable to silver for taking 30 pieces of silver as payment for his betrayal, and his suicide attempt at dawn also tries to explain a vampire's violent reaction to sunlight.
Stead 's novel My Name Was Judas , Judas, who was then known as Idas of Sidon, recounts the story of Jesus as recalled by him some forty years later. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the biblical figure. For the band, see Judas Iscariot band. For other uses, see Judas disambiguation and Iscariot disambiguation. Main article: Gospel of Judas. Main article: Gospel of Barnabas. See also: Islamic view of Jesus' death. Christianity portal. It's like saying that all of Judas's motions burst out, burst asunder. Jerome: The Principal Works of St. Jerome - Christian Classics Ethereal Library".
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Soon after Jesus celebrates the Passover with his disciples, he arrives in Gethsemane to pray. Just as Jesus expresses his obedience to God, the startling event of his betrayal follows. Judas arrives in Gethsemane with a crowd armed with swords and clubs. He then hands over his master and Lord to the authorities in exchange for a sum of silver. With a kiss of betrayal, Judas betrays Jesus into the hands of those who seek to kill him.
Join Goodreads. Quotes tagged as "betrayal" Showing of Their personalities are as complex as the characters they have weaved. And in a curious way, without them really knowing it, writers are the sum total of the characters they created in their heads or in their writings. Yes, My Dear Tania; writers are capable of reflecting their characters, even though most of them are determined to be just like your ordinary guy next door.
They are the people for the moment. Never rely on their love because it is not sustainable.