This sort of thing actually happens to us all the time in real life. This same impulse drives us when we get sucked into a film.
We want to know more about what the characters are up to, so we observe and listen to them, attempting to piece together their stories. You might think of a film as an invitation to hunt for meaning in every frame, propelled by wonder and the desire to explore. As screenwriters, we are essentially observers for our readers. We plant the details that they discover. Instead, I used words to guide your attention very specifically. If it were a screenplay, the director would interpret my words into film language, using the camera and other elements of style to do the guiding.
Consequently, all of the writing in a screenplay must create an experience similar to that of watching a film. So, while in a novel you may be able to say:. Jessica sits on a bench and thinks of John. She misses him deeply. Jessica sits on a bench. After a moment, she pulls out her phone and swipes through a series of photos: She and John at a birthday party, smiling; she and John dancing at a wedding; she and John sharing a dessert at dinner… She puts the phone down and begins to cry. As observers, we conclude that the photographs are making Jessica sad, leading us to suspect that she misses John.
That is true. But it is also true that Jessica is sitting alone on a bench. Who talks about their feelings, and the reason for their feelings, to no one? Consciously or not, most of us would feel patronized. Yes, voiceover is a tool that can be used to let us into the mind of the character, sometimes to great effect. Inner monologues are more at home on the page than on the screen. Why rob them of the experience?
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Learn from them. How many ideas do you have in your script that could be expressed in a single visual, instead of pages of talk? Amy is sacked unexpectedly. You could write reams of dialogue to show this — or she could open the door to her office and find all her belongings have been swept into a box.
A lot of what we communicate is shared non-verbally. Think back to our stressed-out stranger in the cafe. One of the most common questions about visual writing I get from students enrolled in our online film school here at Lights is:. In the words of screenplay consultant Tim Long :. The challenge is that they often get so caught up in seeing it, that they lose sight of the fact that it has to be read first. When it comes to camera angles, yes, you generally should entrust those decisions to the director.
Absolutely, as it would most directors worth their salt. There is a huge difference between directing on paper and writing visually. A general, perhaps wide visual description might say something like:. Jacob stands at the sink, his back to the rest of the rustic room, which is a kitchen and living room in one. Beside him, a fire blazes in the fireplace, over which a mounted deer head rests in eternal peace. A rifle is propped against a weathered leather chair. Our visual writing, therefore, would have to get closer to the action:.
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A steady stream of water pours from a rusted faucet. Beneath it, two weathered hands — caked with dirt — massage a bar of ivory soap. Writing visual description can be a bit of a balancing act.
Joe R. Lansdale b. He has received the Edgar Award and eight Bram Stoker Awards, and several of his books have been adapted into films. He lives with his family in Texas. See All Customer Reviews. Shop Books. Read an excerpt of this book! Add to Wishlist. USD 3. Sign in to Purchase Instantly. Explore Now. Buy As Gift. Overview A long time ago, in this very galaxy, Joe R. Lansdale created a character named The God of the Razor.
Written With a Razor: Stories and a Screenplay
The God lives in another dimension, most of the time. It's a timing issue. One formatted script page in Courier font equals roughly one minute of screen time. That's why the average page count of a screenplay should come in between 90 and pages. A screenplay can be an original piece, or based on a true story or previously written piece, like a novel, stage play or newspaper article. At its heart, a screenplay is a blueprint for the film it will one day become.
Professionals on the set including the producer, director, set designer and actors all translate the screenwriter's vision using their individual talents. Since the creation of a film is ultimately a collaborative art, the screenwriter must be aware of each person's role and as such, the script should reflect the writer's knowledge. For example, it's crucial to remember that film is primarily a visual medium.
As a screenwriter, you must show what's happening in a story, rather than tell. A 2-page inner monologue may work well for a novel, but is the kiss of death in a script. The very nature of screenwriting is based on how to show a story on a screen, and pivotal moments can be conveyed through something as simple as a look on an actor's face. Let's take a look at what a screenplay's structure looks like. While screenplay formatting software such as Final Draft , Movie Magic Screenwriter , Movie Outline and Montage frees you from having to learn the nitty-gritty of margins and indents, it's good to have a grasp of the general spacing standards.
The top, bottom and right margins of a screenplay are 1". The left margin is 1. The entire document should be single-spaced. Note: the first page is never numbered. Subsequent page numbers appear in the upper right hand corner, 0. Below is a list of items with definitions that make up the screenplay format, along with indenting information.
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Again, screenplay software will automatically format all these elements, but a screenwriter must have a working knowledge of the definitions to know when to use each one. A scene heading is a one-line description of the location and time of day of a scene, also known as a "slugline. Example: EXT. When a new scene heading is not necessary, but some distinction needs to be made in the action, you can use a subheader.
But be sure to use these sparingly, as a script full of subheaders is generally frowned upon. The narrative description of the events of a scene, written in the present tense. Also less commonly known as direction, visual exposition, blackstuff, description or scene direction.
Remember - only things that can be seen and heard should be included in the action. When a character is introduced, his name should be capitalized within the action. Lines of speech for each character. Dialogue format is used anytime a character is heard speaking, even for off-screen and voice-overs. A parenthetical is direction for the character, that is either attitude or action-oriented. With roots in the playwriting genre, today, parentheticals are used very rarely, and only if absolutely necessary. Two reasons.