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Bug Bites and Stings

If you or someone you know begins to experience these symptoms shortly after being bitten or stung by an insect, call or local emergency services. A severe allergic reaction that affects multiple parts of your body is called anaphylaxis. It can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.


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You can use a preloaded epinephrine auto-injector e. It acts quickly to raise your blood pressure, stimulate your heart, and reduce swelling of your airways. If someone shows signs of a severe allergic reaction, help them get emergency medical attention and follow the steps in the next section. If they show no signs of a severe reaction, treat the site of the bite or sting for minor symptoms:. You should also avoid giving them anything to eat or drink. Most spider bites are relatively harmless. Anywhere from several hours to a day after you get bitten, you may notice symptoms similar to those of an insect sting or bite.

At the site of the bite, you may experience:. Some types of spiders can cause more serious reactions, including black widow and brown recluse spiders. They have a black body with a red hourglass marking on the underside of their abdomen. Some black widow spiders also have red spots on the upper surface of their abdomen and crosswise red bars on the underside. Black widow spider venom causes problems with your nervous system. Within a few hours of being bitten, you may notice intense pain at the site of the bite. You may also experience other symptoms, such as chills, fever, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.

Fully grown brown recluse spiders are larger than black widow spiders. They vary in color from yellowish tan to dark brown. They have a violin-shaped marking on the surface of their upper body, with the base of the violin facing toward their head and the neck of the violin pointing toward their rear.

Brown recluse spider bites cause damage to your skin. Within about eight hours of being bitten, you will experience redness and intense pain at the site of the bite. Over time, a blister will develop. When the blister breaks down, it will leave a deep ulcer in your skin, which can become infected. You also may develop symptoms such as fever, rash, and nausea. If you suspect that someone has been bitten by a brown recluse or black widow spider, help them get medical treatment immediately and follow the steps in the section.

Otherwise, treat their spider bite like you would most insect bites and stings:. While many snakes are harmless, the bite of some species can be poisonous and even deadly. For worse cases such as an allergic reaction or secondary infection, it is strongly advised to seek medical help from a dermatologist. In the case of bed bug bites, an ounce of prevention is indeed a whole lot better than a liter of cure. And the best way to avoid getting bitten by bed bugs is to make sure that these pests are non-existent in your house or in your bedroom for that matter.

When traveling, make it a habit to inspect your luggage before leaving the hotel and before entering your house. These things are among the major causes of bed bug infestations spreading across many households. In cases of severe bed bug infestations, it is always best to seek immediate professional help from a seasoned bed bug exterminator.

There are those whose bite marks naturally wear off after a few days while others suffer from allergic reactions and require a significantly longer period of time to heal. Regardless of one's sensitivity towards bed bug bites, it is imperative to avoid scratching it and treat the bites appropriately with the help of a dermatologist. And the best way to avoid getting bed bug bites in the future is to make sure that these pests don't repopulate in your house, more importantly in your bedroom.

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Check out our other detailed guides to help you deal with your pest problems. Did you wake up this morning full of itchy red welts on your body? What do bed bug bites look like? What are the symptoms and treatment? And how to prevent bed bug bites? What's In This Guide? The following video shows what bed bug bites look like. Put a cold pack or ice cube on the area. Put a thin cloth between the ice and your skin.


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For some people, a paste of baking soda mixed with a little water helps relieve pain and decrease the reaction. Take an over-the-counter antihistamine, such as diphenhydramine Benadryl or loratadine Claritin , to relieve swelling, redness, and itching.

First Aid for Bites and Stings | Healthline

Calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream may also help. Do not give antihistamines to your child unless you have checked with the doctor first. Be safe with medicines. If your doctor prescribed medicine for your allergy, take it exactly as prescribed. Call your doctor or nurse call line if you think you are having a problem with your medicine.

You will get more details on the specific medicines your doctor prescribes. Your doctor may prescribe a shot of epinephrine to carry with you in case you have a severe reaction. Learn how and when to give yourself the shot, and keep it with you at all times. Make sure it has not expired.

How to Deal with Minor Insect Bites & Stings

Go to the emergency room anytime you have a severe reaction. Go even if you have given yourself epinephrine and are feeling better. Symptoms can come back. For example, call if: You have symptoms of a severe allergic reaction. These may include: Sudden raised, red areas hives all over your body.


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Swelling of the throat, mouth, lips, or tongue.