Your doctor may recommend tests to determine whether you have the bacterium H. Which type of test you undergo depends on your situation. For the breath test, you drink a small glass of clear, tasteless liquid that contains radioactive carbon. Later, you blow into a bag, which is then sealed. If you're infected with H.
Using a scope to examine your upper digestive system endoscopy. During endoscopy, your doctor passes a flexible tube equipped with a lens endoscope down your throat and into your esophagus, stomach and small intestine. Using the endoscope, your doctor looks for signs of inflammation. If a suspicious area is found, your doctor may remove small tissue samples biopsy for laboratory examination.
Your Guide to Living With Gastritis
A biopsy can also identify the presence of H. Using a fiber-optic endoscope, your doctor can view your esophagus, stomach and part of your duodenum. This video shows removal of a specimen from a suspicious area near the outlet of the stomach. Treatment of gastritis depends on the specific cause. Acute gastritis caused by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or alcohol may be relieved by stopping use of those substances. Medications that block acid production and promote healing. Proton pump inhibitors reduce acid by blocking the action of the parts of cells that produce acid.
These drugs include the prescription and over-the-counter medications omeprazole Prilosec , lansoprazole Prevacid , rabeprazole Aciphex , esomeprazole Nexium , dexlansoprazole Dexilant and pantoprazole Protonix.
Long-term use of proton pump inhibitors, particularly at high doses, may increase your risk of hip, wrist and spine fractures. Ask your doctor whether a calcium supplement may reduce this risk. Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease. Start by making an appointment with your family doctor or a general practitioner. If your doctor suspects gastritis, you may be referred to a specialist in digestive disorders gastroenterologist. Preparing a list of questions will help you make the most of your time with your doctor.
For gastritis, some basic questions to ask your doctor include:. Before your appointment, avoid drinking alcohol and eating foods that seem to irritate your stomach, such as those that are spicy, acidic, fried or fatty. But talk to your doctor before stopping any prescription medications you're taking. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version.
This content does not have an Arabic version. If these tests are inconclusive, a doctor may perform an upper endoscopy. This involves the insertion of a thin, flexible, illuminated viewing tube into the abdomen through the mouth to look at the stomach. Dietary choices for gastritis can help to manage the severity of symptoms and prepare the body to get rid of H.
While these measures alone are unlikely to cure the condition, they can provide vital support to active gastritis treatment.
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Both broccoli sprouts and probiotic yogurt have demonstrated helpful effects that counter H. However, there remains no concrete evidence that broccoli sprouts reliably keep gastritis at bay. Probiotic yogurt has shown great promise as a supporting treatment alongside antibiotics, but more research is required to confirm this.
Some studies have shown that probiotics help to clear out infection. Rather than looking for foods to resolve the infection, it is best to eat foods that do not further inflame the infection. Some foods and beverages can aggravate the symptoms of gastritis, and should not be eaten while the disease is active. These include :. There is no single diet that will cure gastritis. However, embracing the dietary changes that soothe inflammation can support a treatment regimen.
The foods consumed are an important part of gastritis treatment. Treatment for gastritis is dependent on several factors. These include the cause of the condition and whether the presentation of gastritis is acute or chronic. The treatment depends on the cause. For example, if the cause of gastritis is not bacterial, antibiotics will have no effect. Combining these treatments with the recommended dietary changes is the surest way to tackle gastritis.
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What is gastritis?
We partner with some of the companies that sell these products, which means Healthline UK and our partners may receive a portion of revenues if you make a purchase using a link s above. Article last updated by Adam Felman on Tue 26 September All references are available in the References tab. Diet for stomach ulcers and gastritis. Adult eosinophilic gastroenteritis and hypereosinophilic syndromes. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 14 44 , Use of probiotics in the fight against Helicobacter pylori.
World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology, 5 4 , Pretreatment with Lactobacillus- and Bifidobacterium-containing yogurt can improve the efficacy of quadruple therapy in eradicating residual Helicobacter pylori infection after failed triple therapy. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 83 4 , Helicobacter pylori and gastric cancer: Factors that modulate disease risk.
Your Guide to Living With Gastritis
Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 23 4 , Nutritional care in peptic ulcer. Cancer Prevention Research, 2 4 , MediLexicon, Intl. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional. Privacy Terms Ad policy Careers. Visit www. All rights reserved. More Sign up for our newsletter Discover in-depth, condition specific articles written by our in-house team.
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- Everything you need to know about gastritis.
Reviewed by Daniel Murrell, MD. Fast facts on gastritis Gastritis can increase the risk of other gastrointestinal conditions, such as stomach ulcers and cancer. People with gastritis typically report sharp, stabbing, or burning pains in the upper-center or upper-left part of the abdomen. The two main types of gastritis are erosive and nonerosive. Erosive gastritis wears down the stomach lining, and nonerosive gastritis causes change to the stomach lining. Smokers and people who regularly use pain medications are at risk of gastritis. People with gastritis should eat celery, apples, and honey.
Herbal teas are also safe to drink. Avoid caffeinated beverages, dairy produce, and spicy foods. A range of medications is available to treat gastritis, including antibiotics and antacids. A gastrologist may examine the stomach lining with an endoscope. Probiotic yogurt is safe to eat during gastritis and can also help to clear out the H. Probiotics: Health benefits, facts, and research. Related coverage.