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Plato And Platonism

It persuasively makes a case for understanding Plato's philosophy as a coherent system that has an intricate and meaningful relation to later Platonistic philosophical positions. From this point, Plato appears as a Platonist indeed. Gerson formulates in a new way the basic presuppositions behind Platonism and works them out with proper attention to the Old Academy, the New Academy, and the 'Middle' Platonists in a way that has not been done before, as well as bringing Aristotle into the fold. This work enhances Gerson's considerable reputation as an interpreter of the Greek philosophical tradition.

PHILOSOPHY: Platonic Ethics - Angie Hobbs

Title From Plato to Platonism. Author Lloyd P.

Plato, Platonism, and Neoplatonism

Publisher Cornell University Press. Title First Published 27 November Format Hardcover.


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ISBN Reference no. Publication Ithaca, United States. Main content page count Word Count Dimensions 6. Weight 27 oz. Onix Version 2. Format Paperback. Product Detail Trade paperback US. ISBN X.

Neo-Platonism | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Weight 20 oz. Because Latin was the language of educated people, few could read or translate Greek. During the s, however, many Greek scholars came to Italy. Some of them brought with them Greek texts previously unknown to western Europe. With their arrival, more scholars became aware of Plato's importance and tried to translate his works. These two works helped to spread Platonism. Most Renaissance scholars approached Plato's works through the writings of Plotinus, an ancient philosopher who had lived several centuries after Plato. Plotinus had developed a school of thought called Neoplatonism, which built on the ideas of Plato.

Ficino, in particular, relied heavily on the ideas of Plotinus. A form of Neoplatonism unique to the Renaissance emerged with the work of the Greek educator George Gemistus, who adopted the name Pletho to link himself more closely with Plato and Plotinus.

Neo-Platonism

Nonetheless, Pletho influenced many Christian thinkers through his writings. His argument that Plato's reasoning was superior to that of Aristotle, another ancient Greek thinker, sparked a lively debate among philosophers.

One of Pletho's most important supporters was the Greek humanist Bessarion. In his four-part defense of Plato, Bessarion tried to show that Plato's thinking was consistent with Christian teachings. He also argued that the ideas of Plato and Aristotle had much in common. This work introduced Italians to the debate about the merits of the two ancient Greeks.

Charles Brittain

It went through many printings and became an important source for scholars. The Nature of Reality.

Life of Plato

Renaissance scholars took special interest in Plato's idea of a perfect, eternal reality outside of the physical world. Although Plato had lived in a pagan culture, Renaissance thinkers examined his writings through Christian eyes.

Ficino, for example, tried to prove that there was no conflict between Plato's philosophy and the basic ideas of Christianity. Ficino argued that the belief systems of the ancient Greeks and Romans, such as Plato, were similar to those of the ancient Hebrews and had sprung from the same source.