Turin is the Italian city where film chromatography was first established. As such, it forms the birthplace of Italian cinema. The first Italian cinema screening occurred in Turin in March In November , Italian filmmakers performed the first cinema screening of a film before a fee-paying audience. By the start of the 20th century especially after , a number of the first Italian films were aired in Turin. Examples include Giovanni Pastrone Cabiria , in , one of the first blockbusters in history. The Turin-based company Ambrosio Film , established in by Arturo Ambrosio , was one of the leading forces in Italian cinema and boosted the importance of the city as a filmmaking destination.
The company, noted in particular for its historical epics, produced a large number of films until it was dissolved in During the s and 30s, Turin hosted a number of film productions and major film studios film houses , such as the Itala film , Aquila and Fert Studios. Today Turin is one of the main cinematographic and television centres in Italy, thanks to the role of the Turin Film Commission that reports the production of many feature films, soap operas and commercials.
Turin also became the capital of the tsar for The Demons of St.
Turin chocolate firms, aside from many kinds of chocolate, produce a typical chocolate called gianduiotto , named after Gianduja , a local commedia dell'arte mask. Moreover, the city is also known for the so-called bicerin , a traditional hot drink made of espresso , drinking chocolate and whole milk served layered in a small rounded glass. Local cuisine also features a particular type of pizza, so-called pizza al padellino or pizza al tegamino , which is basically a small-sized, thick-crust and deep-dish pizza typically served in several Turin pizza places.
Since the mids, Piedmont has also benefited from the start of the Slow Food movement and Terra Madre , events that have highlighted the rich agricultural and vinicultural value of the Po Valley and northern Italy. Turin is home to one of Italy's oldest universities, the University of Turin , including its affiliated Collegio Carlo Alberto , which ranks among the best universities in the country. Another established university in the city is the Polytechnic University of Turin , ranking among Top 50 universities in the world and 1 in Italy in the fields of engineering, technology and computer science "Academic Ranking of World Universities" published by Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
Moreover, the city hosts three small English language post-secondary institutions: St. The city currently has a large number of rail and road work sites. Although this activity has increased as a result of the Winter Olympics , parts of it had long been planned. Some of the work sites deal with general roadworks to improve traffic flow, such as underpasses and flyovers, but two projects are of major importance and will radically change the shape of the city.
The railroad previously ran in a trench, which will now be covered by a major boulevard running from North to South of Turin, in a central position along the city. Porta Susa , on this section, will become Turin's main station to substitute the terminus of Porta Nuova with a through station. Other important stations are Stura , Rebaudengo , Lingotto and Madonna di Campagna railway stations, though not all of them belong to the layout of the Spina Centrale.
The other major project is the construction of a subway line based on the VAL system, known as Metrotorino. This project is expected to continue for years and to cover a larger part of the city, but its first phase was finished in time for the Olympic Games , inaugurated on 4 February and opened to the public the day after.
The first leg of the subway system linked the nearby town of Collegno with Porta Susa in Turin's city centre. A new extension of the so-called Linea 1 "Line 1" is expected in the near future, reaching both Rivoli up to Cascine Vica hamlet in the Western belt of Turin and Piazza Bengasi in the Southeast side of the city.
Furthermore, a Linea 2 is in the pipeline that will connect the south-western district of Mirafiori with Barriera di Milano in the north end. In June , the project entered the public consultation phase with the proposed list of 23 stations published on the city's website. The main street in the city centre, Via Roma , runs atop a tunnel built during the fascist era when Via Roma itself was totally refurbished and took on its present-day aspect.
The tunnel was supposed to host the underground line but it is now used as an underground car park. A project to build an underground system was ready in the s, with government funding for it and for similar projects in Milan and Rome. Whilst the other two cities went ahead with the projects, Turin's local government led by mayor Diego Novelli shelved the proposal as it believed it to be too costly and unnecessary.
As of [update] a bicycle sharing system , the ToBike , is operational. The metropolitan area is served by Turin metropolitan railway service. Central districts are served by tram , lines 3,4,9 are light-rail. The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Turin, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 65 min. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 5.
Turin is twinned with: . The 6th district arrondissement of Turin is twinned with:. Media related to Turin at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Turin disambiguation. For other uses, see Torino disambiguation. Comune in Piedmont, Italy. Coat of arms. Location of Turin. See also: Timeline of Turin. Historical affiliations. See also: List of mayors of Turin.
See also: Residences of the Royal House of Savoy. See also: List of places of worship in Turin. Main article: Economy of Turin. Main article: List of radio stations in Turin. Main article: Sports in Turin. Main article: List of people from Turin. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy. Retrieved 16 March Longman Pronunciation Dictionary 3rd ed. Retrieved 2 June Archived from the original PDF on 1 October Retrieved 30 April Turismo e promozione. Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 31 August Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 December Archived from the original on 3 January Archived from the original on 11 January Retrieved 3 February Archived from the original on 10 October Retrieved 14 December The Economic History of Italy Anthony Parenti.
Retrieved 9 May Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 6 May Atlante climatico. Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 11 December CNN Travel. Retrieved 10 August Retrieved 14 June Retrieved 25 March City, Culture, and Society. Volume 6, Issue 3: 69—74 — via Elsevier Science Direct. Encyclopedia Britannica.
- The White Widows: A Novel of the War Between the Sexes!
- The Best Northern Italy Cities to Visit;
- Children Go Where I Send Thee.
- Forum mondial sur la transparence et léchange de renseignements à des fins fiscales Rapport dexamen par les pairs : Monaco 2010: Phase 1 (ECONOMIE) (French Edition)?
- U.S. Army Reconnaissance and Surveillance Handbook (US Army Survival).
Retrieved Territory, Politics, and Governance. Fiat S. Retrieved 19 May Torino Urban Profile Milan and Turin: Competitiveness of Italy's great northern cities. Touring Club Italiano. Archived from the original PDF on 27 September La Repubblica in Italian. Retrieved 21 May Retrieved 8 March Retrieved 20 November Fourth most successful club in Europe for confederation club competition titles won 11 , cf.
Milan S. A official website.
Retrieved 19 June Archived from the original on 31 January Retrieved 26 February Archived from the original on 8 December Historical first time for Auxilium]. Retrieved 18 February Retrieved 18 April USA Today. Retrieved 6 March Archived 16 May Nitto ATP Finals. Retrieved 28 April Retrieved 12 April Archived from the original on 15 January Retrieved 16 August La Stampa in Italian.
The Alan Turing Year - News
Retrieved 8 February Retrieved 8 December Archived from the original on 10 December Torino — Repubblica. Citta di Torino. Retrieved 17 July Global Public Transit Index by Moovit. Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. City of Torino. Archived from the original on 18 June Retrieved 6 August City of Torino website. Archived from the original on 23 August Retrieved 31 January Archived from the original on 10 February Retrieved 17 December Archived from the original on 2 May Retrieved 5 May Municipalidad de Rosario — Buenos Aires Retrieved 14 October Sister Cities International.
Retrieved 6 February Retrieved 1 October Translation by Google Translate. Archived from the original on 19 July Retrieved 19 July Archived from the original on 13 November Retrieved 13 November Archived from the original on 1 July Retrieved 22 August See also: Bibliography of the history of Turin. Links to related articles. Regional capitals of Italy. Cities in Italy by population. Rome Milan. Naples Turin Palermo Genoa. Winter Olympic Games host cities. The majority of the time I both tasted and poured my own wines.
The chefs are from the Abruzzi section of Italy, but. Food portions are generous, and one can easily share an appetizer or a pasta dish. A round loaf of bread looked beautiful and crusted, but below the crust it was chewy. Clams posillipo were rubbery and slightly sandy. A waiter asked if of. However, the baked clams a la Enrico. Stracciatella egg drop soup might have had a richer broth, but the pasta fagioli for two was good and garlicky, with healthy combination of ditalini, egg noodles, white beans and vegetable soup.
The pasta dishes all came perfectly al dente, as ordered, and were prepared at our table with reserved flourish. Fettucine Alfredo was rich and creamy, but starchy. Perciatelli a la paisana was diverting combination of fat spaghetti in a delicious onion, peas, ham, and canned mushroom sauce. Gnocchi Bolognese are firm potato dumplings in meat suauce that here tasted overcooked on two occasions. The entrees, too, showed signs of underachievement.
Scampi all'Italienne had a good red sauce, but the shrimps had a very strong sting of iodine in them. Alongside Turing we learn a few key mathematical ideas explained in a witty, brief manner already implying or foreshadowing the bigger cultural and historical consequences they will have. Turing, a loner, attended the most prestigious schools and colleges in the United Kingdom that in the s were also known to be places of harsh punishments and humiliation.
That movie had a shocking effect on him, on his thoughts and imagery. The poisoned apple, which will come to haunt Turing to the point that it will be connected to his actual death, reminds us of something very popular today. La strana Vita di Alan Turing is not a story for children nor a scientific essay for adults. It makes us understand that technology is not magic, but the process of rational thought of geniuses like Turing.