It predicts stronger evidence for humanity's genetic, anatomical, and behavioral uniqueness. It places the earliest hominids at 6. RTB also predicts that the flood of Noah was a local event. There is some evidence for a large flood in modern day Iraq around BCE. Scientific models help researchers organize information into a conceptual structure to understand and interpret data, ask good questions, and identify anomalies.
Some have claimed RTB's testable creation model fails to meet the modern qualifications for a scientific theory or model and just looks at known things and claims them as predictions. Bolton sees violations of scientific logic in the form of immunity to falsification, the assumption of supernatural causation, a lack of independent evaluations of evidence, circular reasoning, and the false equivalence of biblical creationism faith-based and human evolution evidence-based as scientific explanations.
The RTB claim that all current humans are descended from a specially created couple that lived about 50, years ago and that there is no common ancestor between humans and other primates is disputed in a scholarly essay by evangelical geneticist Dennis Venema. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
A progressive creationist group. Christian Answers. Retrieved 1 May Similar disks can be seen around other nearby stars and are thought to provide the more The age of the Milky Way galaxy has been calculated in two ways. One involves studying the observed stages of evolution of different-sized stars in globular clusters. Globular clusters occur in a faint halo surrounding the center of the Galaxy, with each cluster containing from a hundred thousand to a million stars.
The very low amounts of elements heavier than hydrogen and helium in these stars indicate that they must have formed early in the history of the Galaxy, before large amounts of heavy elements were created inside the initial generations of stars and later distributed into the interstellar medium through supernova explosions the Big Bang itself created primarily hydrogen and helium atoms.
Estimates of the ages of the stars in globular clusters fall within the range of 11 billion to 16 billion years. A second method for estimating the age of our galaxy is based on the present abundances of several long-lived radioactive elements in the solar system. Their abundances are set by their rates of production and distribution through exploding supernovas. According to these calculations, the age of our galaxy is between 9 billion and 16 billion years. Thus, both ways of estimating the age of the Milky Way galaxy agree with each other, and they also are consistent with the independently derived estimate for the age of the universe.
Radioactive elements occurring naturally in rocks and minerals also provide a means of estimating the age of the solar system and Earth. Several of these elements decay with half lives between million and more than billion years the half life of an element is the time it takes for half of the element to decay radioactively into another element. Using these time-keepers, it is calculated that meteorites, which are fragments of asteroids, formed between 4.
Book Review: More Than a Theory: Revealing a Testable Model for Creation by Hugh Ross
The same radioactive time-keepers applied to the three oldest lunar samples returned to Earth by the Apollo astronauts yield ages between 4. The oldest known rocks on Earth occur in northwestern Canada 3. In Western Australia, zircon crystals encased within younger rocks have ages as old as 4. The best estimates of Earth's age are obtained by calculating the time required for development of the observed lead isotopes in Earth's oldest lead ores. These estimates yield 4. The origins of life cannot be dated as precisely, but there is evidence that bacteria-like organisms lived on Earth 3.
These early organisms must have been simpler than the organisms living today. Furthermore, before the earliest organisms there must have been structures that one would not call "alive" but that are now components of living things. Each of these molecules is in turn composed of four kinds of subunits known as nucleotides. The sequences of nucleotides in particular lengths of DNA or RNA, known as genes, direct the construction of molecules known as proteins, which in turn catalyze biochemical reactions, provide structural components for organisms, and perform many of the other functions on which life depends.
Proteins consist of chains of subunits known as amino acids. The sequence of nucleotides in DNA and RNA therefore determines the sequence of amino acids in proteins; this is a central mechanism in all of biology. Experiments conducted under conditions intended to resemble those present on primitive Earth have resulted in the production of some of the chemical components of proteins, DNA, and RNA. Some of these molecules also have been detected in meteorites from outer space and in interstellar space by astronomers using radio-telescopes.
Scientists have concluded that the "building blocks of life" could have been available early in Earth's history. An important new research avenue has opened with the discovery that certain molecules made of RNA, called ribozymes, can act as catalysts in modem cells. It previously had been thought that only proteins could serve as the catalysts required to carry out specific biochemical functions.
Thus, in the early prebiotic world, RNA molecules could have been "autocatalytic"—that is, they could have replicated themselves well before there were any protein catalysts called enzymes. Laboratory experiments demonstrate that replicating autocatalytic RNA molecules undergo spontaneous changes and that the variants of RNA molecules with the greatest autocatalytic activity come to prevail in their environments. Some scientists favor the hypothesis that there was an early "RNA world," and they are testing models that lead from RNA to the synthesis of simple DNA and protein molecules.
These assemblages of molecules eventually could have become packaged within membranes, thus making up "protocells"—early versions of very simple cells. For those who are studying the origin of life, the question is no longer whether life could have originated by chemical processes involving nonbiological components. The question instead has become which of many pathways might have been followed to produce the first cells. Will we ever be able to identify the path of chemical evolution that succeeded in initiating life on Earth?
Hardcover , pages. Published August 22nd by Navpress Publishing Group. More Details Original Title. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Creation As Science , please sign up. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Oct 14, Jennifer rated it it was ok Recommended to Jennifer by: Dr. James Tour. Shelves: evolutionish , christianish.
As a counterpoint read to this book, I would highly suggest Why Evolution Is True The first chapter started me off with an optimistic outlook for this book - finally, a creationist that wanted to play by the established rules of science! But then, it all started to go downhill. There were the typical creationist tactics of quote-mining , and circular reasoning Arguing for the Bible from the Bible is just a waste of time.
People who don't already believe in it won't be convinced by it, and people As a counterpoint read to this book, I would highly suggest Why Evolution Is True The first chapter started me off with an optimistic outlook for this book - finally, a creationist that wanted to play by the established rules of science! People who don't already believe in it won't be convinced by it, and people who do believe in it don't need it. In general, I think that most of his claims about how the Bible lines up with known science are tenuous.
I think that "Science as Metaphor" might have been a better title. He likes to use certain vague terms ex: supernatural, soulish, Biblical kind that in my opinion are not well-defined. However, if one is used only to hearing Young Earth Creationism, then there are some things that could be learned from this book, such as the idea of testability and falsification, for one Though he does introduce the idea, I don't think he's actually very rigorous in how he uses the idea.
At least one of his claims did seem very original: The Earth was optimally designed he's not an IDist for a technically advanced read: fossil-fuel consuming spiritual species.. View 2 comments. The earth in space, affected only by gravity. While other sources declared the earth sat on the back of an elephant or turtle, or was held up by Atlas, the Bible alone states what we now know to be true.
Job He stretcheth out the north over the empty place, and Suspending the earth upon nothing. The earth is an orb or sphere. At a time when many thought the earth was flat, the Bible told us that the earth is spherical. Isaiah It is He that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in. Scripture assumes a revolving spherical earth.
Jesus said that at His return some would be asleep at night while others would be working at day time activities in the field. This is a clear indication of a revolving earth, with day and night occurring simultaneously. Luke I tell you, in that night there shall be two men in one bed; the one shall be taken, and the other shall be left. Two women shall be grinding together; the one shall be taken, and the other left. Two men shall be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left. Black holes and dark matter anticipated.
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A black hole's gravitational field is so strong that nothing, not even light, escapes. Beyond the expanding universe there is no measured radiation and therefore only outer darkness exists.
These theories paint a seemingly accurate description of what the Bible calls "outer darkness" or "the blackness of darkness forever. Jude Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever. Incalculable number of stars. At a time when less than 5, stars were visible to the human eye, God stated that the stars of heaven were innumerable.
Not until the 17th century did Galileo glimpse the immensity of our universe with his new telescope. Today, astronomers estimate that there are ten thousand billion trillion stars - a 1 followed by 25 zeros! Yet, as the Bible states, scientists admit this number may be woefully inadequate. Jeremiah As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me.
The number of stars, though vast, are finite. Although man is unable to calculate the exact number of stars, we now know their number is finite.
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Of course God knew this all along. Isaiah Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth. The Bible compares the number of stars with the number of grains of sand on the seashore.
Amazingly, gross estimates of the number of sand grains are comparable to the estimated number of stars in the universe. Genesis That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies. The universe is expanding. Repeatedly God declares that He stretches out the heavens. During the early 20th century, most scientists including Einstein believed the universe was static.
Others believed it should have collapsed due to gravity. Then in , astronomer Edwin Hubble showed that distant galaxies were receding from the earth, and the further away they were, the faster they were moving. This discovery revolutionized the field of astronomy. Eisntein admitted his mistake, and today most astronomers agree with what the Creator told us millennia ago - the universe is expanding! Isaiah Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein.
Jeremiah He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heaven by his understanding. Zechariah The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.
The Scientific Evidence for Creation
Each star is unique. Centuries before the advent of the telescope, the Bible declared what only God and the angels knew: each star varies in size and intensity! The sun goes in a circuit. Some scientists scoffed at this verse thinking that it taught geocentricity - the theory that the sun revolves around the earth. They insisted the sun was stationary. However, we now know that the sun is traveling through space at approximately , miles per hour. It is literally moving through space in a huge circuit - just as the Bible stated 3, years ago!
Psalm [The sun's] going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof. Creation is made of atoms and particles, indiscernible to our eyes.
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Not until the 19th century was it discovered that all visible matter consists of invisible elements. Hebrews Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. Light can be divided. Sir Isaac Newton studied light and discovered that white light is made of seven colors, which can be "parted" and then recombined. Science confirmed this four centuries ago - God declared it four millennia ago! Job By what way is the light parted, which scattereth the east wind upon the earth?
Light travels in a path. Light is said to have a "way" [Hebrew: derek, literally a traveled path or road]. Until the 17th century it was believed that light was transmitted instantaneously. We now know that light is a form of energy that travels at , miles per second in a straight line. Indeed, there is a "way" of light.