Arthur, the author, takes you inside old and new Hawaii in his inimitable writing style with verve and authenticity. He is the 13th generation descendant of one of Hawaiis most famous kings who lived to be years old and never lost a battle. Connect with us for the latest product features, community events, and learning workshops. Slices of Life in Hawaii Vol.
A single planting can be harvested for months by simply picking from the outer leaves. Using this method, the plant will replace your chard stock as quickly as you eat it. Method Instead of using a colander and running water over the leaves, the best way to remove debris from leafy greens is to soak them in plenty of water.
Place the leaves in a large bowl or sink filled with cold water. Agitate the leaves one by one, and then remove leaves by hand. After washing, remove the stems do not throw away and chop the chard into 1- to 2-inch pieces. Set aside. Heat a skillet over medium-high heat; add the olive oil and chopped stems. Next, add the wet chard, one handful at a time, stirring after each addition. After all the leaves have been added, cover the pan with a tight-fitting lid. Allow the leaves to cook for about five minutes. Remove the lid and continue cooking over high heat until all the liquid has evaporated, about 2 to 3 minutes.
Season with salt and pepper to taste. Serve immediately with a splash of fresh lemon juice. Serves four. Try This For an added crunch, add 2 tablespoons of pine nuts at the same time that you add the garlic. What would you create with a stainless steel water bottle and some grainy photographs? They were given a stainless steel water bottle, a stack of photos from the spring runway fashion shows and the challenge to make art from these two oddly paired vestiges of inspiration.
Most entries were fairly straightforward: a painted bottle with a one-word thought provoking messages written on the side. Instead, he decided to strip the bottle of its color and deconstruct it completely. The mechanical goddess saunters down the vintage stove door runway, turning her steel body as she swings her feathered hip to wink at you with her water faucet head. This is perfect Chris Reiner Obtanium. Like the tinkering scientist in a post-apocalyptic world, Reiner finds inspiration in the wreckage of our disposable culture. He salvages a conglomeration of what most would deem junk and from this panoply of random items creates art.
They are pieces that carry a message with playful humor and left-leaning political ideals always present in the work. Made from discarded wood and other objects it resembled a boat; the roof and sail plastered with carefully selected newspaper articles reflecting the chaotic and often ironic state of our world. Ingenious in his re-use of materials, Obtanium sculpture is made of found and recycled objects; a discarded piece of something, usually found on the side of the road, in a dumpster, left behind because it is no longer considered useful.
Stacked bins of Obtanium material line the walls. At first the riot of random items seems just that, random. But as Chris takes me through his workshop the thoughtful organization becomes clear. He has separate bins full of metal bits, scissors, tweezers and pocketknives. There is a bin for electronic equipment, old cell phones, camera parts, and odd bits of larger wholes. And a bin for random parts of things like typewriter keys, small light bulbs that once lived in an old film reel and deconstructed watch parts.
Finding diversion from the cruelty of children, he would often keep his head down, finding discarded objects and playing with them. Letting his imagination run, he found the life in these objects and that fascination has never left. Developing his own definition of the term, he realized that he had found his artistic calling. As I walk around the workshop, I see that he is working on a new piece. The eggs are barely held inside the pot as it careens forward, suspended from the wall in mid-air. As yet unnamed, this piece speaks to all the issues on our plate in America.
Humorous and ingenious, it is beautiful in its wisdom, a wisdom found in the life lived by all the objects involved. I find myself musing that Chris Reiner is a rare sort of modern day alchemist. His gift is here, found in the transformation of a heap of indistinguishable, discarded industrial life into his very own artistic gold. I stopped making comparisons a long time ago. Like I said, I stopped comparing a long time ago. But even though we might live on some of the most climatically optimal, friendliest peopled pieces of land on Earth, I still like to leave—to explore other Recently, I spent nearly two months trouncing across various islands in the archipelago nation of Indonesia, once called the Spice Islands the same a certain Christopher Columbus set out to find in the 15th century, but landed a little short and just off the coast of a place that was later dubbed America.
Indonesia is the fourth most populated country in the world and first most populated Muslim country. Aesthetically, it can be paradise: thousands of tropical islands lined with empty golden beaches, seemingly infinite emerald valleys and mountain ridges terraced with lush and fecund stairways of rice patties.
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Pockmarked, broken roads are crammed with diesel puffing trucks, public transport vans and the overwhelming exhaust of motorbike traffic. Within two days spent in any given Indonesian town or city, you develop some kind of itch in your throat or wheezing cough from the relentless fumes. Walking on the sidewalks you see fruits and vegetables for sale, coated in dust and black soot from the traffic that perpetually passes.
Between the cracks of cement that you walk upon escapes the acrid stench of stagnant, sitting sewage. There are no treatment plants here; if anything, the filth either flows into the river or into the sea. Meanwhile, before any rain propels the gutters to flow, the sewage sits and breeds mosquitoes, many of which carry malaria or dengue fever, both major killers in Indonesia. If one were surfing and looked back towards shore, they would see countless plumes of smoke arising amidst the palms of the jungle. These are all trash fires, for nearly all rubbish, regardless of paper, plastic, rubber or metal, is burned to erase it.
Waste management is a problem and education about the crucial advantages of protecting their natural environment is, well, nonexistent.
Unlike many Americans, the majority of the population in Indonesia sadly know what it means to need. Inherently, they operate from a basis of conservation. When you live in a village three miles away from the nearest uninhabitable water source, a spring near the top of a mountain, not a drop of water is spent along your journey back to the village.
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Throughout most of the country water is not wasted washing excess utensils or dishes, because everyone eats with their hands from just two or three communal bowls and plates. And we truly do live with the luxury to care about fixing the problems human beings have created with our collective consuming. Along my travels I have witnessed age-old habits and customs that foreign peoples in distant lands have used for centuries, habits many Americans can learn from.
While Indonesia might seem like an example to avoid, it teaches us that conservation comes from many levels and to not take for granted our common but vital resources. Think about that next time you rinse off with clean, fresh water at the beach park. Brian Goldstein of Better Place 7. When you envision a tropical, sustainable retreat in the mountains, Kailua is not the first, or even second, town that comes to mind.
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Ryan and Janet Costello, owners of Land of Organica, an organic food and beverage outlet in Chinatown, built their open-air dream home by hand. They brought in reclaimed Pacific Northwest cedar once used for. This off-the-grid retreat is constructed entirely out of environmentally sustainable woods, including reclaimed cedar from the Pacific Northwest and redwood beams reclaimed from the Pearl Harbor Navy Shipyard. The open-air abode is situated on the property to take advantage of the prevailing trade winds and melds with the natural surrounding, incorporating the existing mature trees into the overall design instead of cutting them down.
The home was designed roof to floor with sustainable principles in mind and models as an off-the-grid masterpiece. An array of 32 solar panels powers the residence. Two solar hot water systems meet the demands of the two-bedroom, two-bath home and a gallon propane tank fuels the stove, the clothes dryer and serves as a backup for the water heating systems. Inside, the 2,square-foot floor plan is open and airy with no hallways to stifle airflow; a bedroom and bathroom is perched at each end of the spacious great room.
In fact, the walls that stitch together the bedrooms are more like partitions. They purposefully do not connect with the ceiling to allow air to circulate freely. Weathering the elements, the roof is designed to channel rainwater to four different zones to utilize water catchment. Surinam cherry, mango, banana, starfruit, orange, macadamia nut, coffee, herbs, vegetables and lilikoi are all on offer.
The market opens at p. Eggplant, lemon, lime, papaya, breadfruit and persimmon are just the tip of the iceberg. Tropical fresh-cut flowers are available and you can even pick up taro root to slice chips, deep fry or pound your own poi. Stop by the Waipatent and ask about some of their ongoing programs like the fishpond restoration, the native plant nursery and organic garden. There is plenty of parking, but arrive early to nab the choice goods. Anywhere from to people visit the market every Tuesday, so have your list ready and keep your eyes peeled like bananas for the best culinary finds.
The County-run program was initiated to prop up local farmers and give them an outlet to offer fresh local produce to residents at a reduced cost. Only produce can be sold at Sunshine Markets. There is no purchasing of produce until the whistle blows promptly at p. People in the know shop around just before the whistle and bag up their produce picks, leaving them with the vendors. Once the whistle blows, the monetary exchange can be made. The first 15 to 20 minutes after the whistle can be extremely busy at the market: shoulder to shoulder, people running from vendor to vendor to select the best produce like an extreme sport, money changing hands faster than at a Vegas casino.
Being the largest market on the island, the selection is incredible. And if one vendor is out, just try another. And make sure to pick up some fresh cut flowers for the house or a potted plant to add a little greenery to the yard. Because the market operates as a sole entity, they also offer non-Maui grown items like russet potatoes in addition to the majority of the local, farm-fresh produce.
What really has people talking about the market are all the delicious and fresh prepared items. The market features local dressings, salsas, cream cheese and baked goods. Their guacamole is a top seller and the shelves are stocked with an assortment of dips and prepared salads, including their famous mach-chicken tofu salad.
The swap meet brings together 50 to 60 vendors selling produce, plants, cut flowers and prepared items. In addition to fruits and veggies, the market is a great place to pick up cut flowers, including the myriad of colorful and unique proteas. The Maui Swap Meet also prides itself on its commitment to supporting the local community and offers free vendor booths to Maui Community College clubs and organizations and non-profit groups.
The Waialua Sugar Mill welcomes all patrons at the entrance to the market with locally grown coffee and shave ice. III, pp. I, Part 1, pp. King's original journal and several others mention only the younger son. These two boys were the children of the king and Kanekapolei. In the meanwhile, a great crowd had gathered about, many of the natives being armed with daggers, clubs, spears, and stones.
While the king was hesitating, news came that a chief crossing the bay in a canoe had been killed by a shot from one of the foreign boats. This caused an angry reaction among the people and some of the bolder ones began to make threatening motions toward Cook and the squad of marines.
Captain Cook gave up the attempt to take the king on board, and directed his efforts to getting the marines and himself safely into the boats. The marines withdrew to the waterside and formed in line on the rocks. One of the natives made a pass at Cook with a dagger and Cook replied by firing one barrel of his gun, either a blank or a charge of small shot—the accounts differ on this point—which apparently did no damage and only served to embolden the Hawaiians. The king's son became alarmed at the ominous change in the situation and was allowed to return on shore.
Cook fired the other barrel of his gun, loaded with ball, and killed a man.
Slices of Life in Hawaii Vol. 1 | Na Mea Hawaii
Lieutenant Phillips also fired and the marines on shore and the sailors in the boats began firing. Cook turned, ordered the boats to cease firing and come in close, and then started toward the water. The Hawaiians carried away the bodies of Cook and the four marines; Cook's body was treated like that of a high chief. Some of the journals of the voyage blame Lieutenant Williamson for not making a vigorous effort to protect the party on shore; and a recent writer, a British naval officer, says flatly that "Cook's death must lie at his [Williamson's] door.
Captain Clerke, who succeeded to the command of the expedition, decided upon a conciliatory policy in the hope of restoring peace and recovering the bodies of the slain Englishmen; most of the Hawaiian priests and a few of the chiefs evidently favored such a policy; but it was a difficult one to carry out.
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The hot anger on both sides kindled by the tragic affray of February 14 was not easily cooled. During the next few days there was desultory fighting, in which the Hawaiians exhibited great courage and daring in the face of gunfire, a good many of them being killed; a number of houses, behind which the native warriors sheltered themselves, were burned down by the foreigners; a few of the latter indulged in reprisals for which even savages might blush. Captain James Colnett, who visited the islands in the early part of , met on Kauai a man who claimed that he was the one who gave Cook the fatal dagger blow and had in his possession the shirt worn by Cook on that occasion.
A photostat copy of the Hawaiian portion of Colnett's journal is in AH. Rupert T. Finally, however, after about a week, peace was restored. Part of the bones of Captain Cook were given up by the Hawaiians, and a kapu placed on the bay while the funeral service was held on February On the next day friendly relations were reestablished. Late in the evening of February 22 the Resolution and Discovery weighed anchor and stood out of the bay. They sailed northwesterly past Maui, Lanai, and Molokai, and around the northern side of Oahu; anchored for a few hours off Waimea, Oahu, where Captain Clerke and some other officers made a brief visit on shore; and then crossed over to their former anchorage at Waimea, Kauai.
At this place and off Niihau they remained for two weeks, taking in water and food supplies. In these leeward islands a civil war was in progress, and the goats and probably also the pigs left there by Captain Cook the year before had been killed in the course of the struggle. On March 15, , the English ships took their final departure from the Sandwich Islands in order to continue their explorations in the north along the coasts of America and Asia.
After the departure of the Resolution and the Discovery, no foreign ships are known to have visited the islands until It has been suggested by some writers that the death of Captain Cook implanted in the minds of Europeans and Americans a belief that the Sandwich Islanders were fierce and cruel savages and that this belief deterred ships from visiting the islands. But it is doubtful that such was the case.
The simple fact is that for several years there was no occasion for ships to visit Hawaii. It was the development of the fur trade along the north-west coast of America that brought ships of many nations into the north Pacific at the end of the eighteenth century; that trade was a direct consequence of Cook's last voyage, but it required several years for the trade to get under way; when it did get under way the Hawaiian islands very soon became a familiar resort for the fur traders.
In four foreign ships visited the islands. Two of them, commanded by Captains Portlock and Dixon, were connected with an English commercial enterprise; the other two were French naval vessels under command of the celebrated explorer La Perouse. The English ships came twice in and returned again the following year for a short stay. From then on, not a year passed without one or more ships visiting the islands, and in a very short time Hawaii became well established as a port of call and wintering place, not alone for ships engaged in the fur trade but also for those engaged in the more general trade.
It was not long until foreigners of various nations began to see how desirable it would be to get possession of the Sandwich Islands, either for colonization or for the promotion of commerce. In a Spanish naval officer, Ensign E. Martinez, who had been on the Northwest Coast, wrote about the Sandwich Islands and called attention to their fruitfulness and their convenient location; he suggested to the viceroy of New Spain that it would be useful for the Spanish government to make a settlement on the islands for the purpose of conquering the Hawaiians and preventing other nations from using the islands to the disadvantage of Spain.
The viceroy was not convinced of the advisability of attempting such an occupation, but he sent one of his naval officers, Lieutenant Manuel Quimper, in the spring of , to make an exploration, instructing him to collect information about the commerce, situation, and natural products of the islands and to secure the good favor of the inhabitants by kind treatment and by gifts of various kinds. Quimper made the exploration as directed; but Spain was not then in position to undertake such a project as Martinez had proposed.
The ship captains who brought their ships into Hawaiian waters during these early decades were mainly interested in obtaining fresh supplies of meat and vegetables, water, salt, firewood, and rest from the hardships of a sea voyage; but they discovered another valuable com-. To even list the materials dealing with the subject would require many pages. A useful sketch for the early part of the period is the article by W. This is a short digest of the published voyages and Hawaiian sources of information.
Later research has revealed some errors in this and other early accounts and has added greatly to our knowledge of the period prior to Especially noteworthy contributions have been made by Judge F. Early Relations with England-Russia-France. Quimper's diary of the voyage in which he visited the islands is in the Mexican archives; a copy is in possession of the University of Hawaii. Many years later, Quimper published a pamphlet giving a description of the islands and an account of his visit to them, under the title, Islas de Sandwich.
Madrid, Otto Degener of Honolulu has a copy of this pamphlet and has kindly made it available; translated extracts from it are quoted by Donald Billam-Walker in two articles published in Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Oct. London, , xcv. Ordinarily, the Hawaiians were glad to go, but in at least one case of which we have record, in , several natives were kidnaped for service on a voyage to the Northwest Coast. The British ship Imperial Eagle visited the islands in May, The captain, Charles W. Barkley, was accompanied by his wife and she engaged a young Hawaiian woman to go with her as lady's maid.
Captain Meares, at the islands in August, , stated that numbers "pressed forward, with inexpressible eagerness" to accompany him to "Britannee. The most distinguished of these early Hawaiian tourists was the high chief Kaiana, who went away with Meares in and returned the following year after having visited China and the Northwest Coast.
Until the year , war was the characteristic note in the islands, with various chieftains engaged in a fierce struggle for supremacy. The actual fighting was intermittent, but, until the question of supremacy was settled, the warring chiefs grasped every chance to strengthen their positions. The coming of the foreigners presented a golden opportunity, and foreign men, foreign weapons, and foreign ships were eagerly sought.
When Captain Cook was at Kealakekua Bay in January, , King Kalaniopuu seriously asked him to leave Lieutenant King behind, and King, who was very popular with the natives, noted that they urged him to stay with them, promising to hide him in the hills until the ships were gone and to make him a great man. They were. London, , Portlock, A Voyage Round the World. In view of the strife of contending chieftains it is not strange to find in the contemporary literature of the period repeated references to the efforts of the chiefs to obtain cannons, muskets, and ammunition; the nature of the trade that developed in the north Pacific makes it even less strange that the efforts of the chiefs were in many cases successful.
Captain Douglas in the spring of supplied Kamehameha with a quantity of arms and ammunition, including a swivel gun mounted on the platform of a large double canoe. Worse still, the traders had sold the chiefs defective guns, some of which burst on the first discharge, causing bad accidents. Vancouver himself resolutely refused to have anything to do with the business and condemned it in scathing terms. When Captain Douglas was at Kawaihae in December, , with the Iphigenia and the little sloop North West America, Kamehameha was greatly impressed with the story of the building of the latter vessel at Nootka Sound and "he intreated that a carpenter might be left at Owhyhee" to supervise the building of a similar one for him.
In , when Kamehameha was at Oahu preparing to invade Kauai, foreigners in his service built for him a small sailing vessel of about forty tons. Other journals of the voyage make similar references to the subject. Two of these acts concerned an American trader, Captain Simon Metcalfe, who had two vessels, the Eleanora commanded by himself and a tiny schooner called the Fair American commanded by his son Thomas. They had been on the Northwest Coast in ; the smaller vessel had been seized by the Spaniards and taken to San Blas, but had then been released and sailed to Hawaii, arriving there in the early part of The elder Metcalfe had already gone to the islands with the Eleanora and at the end of January was anchored off Honuaula, Maui, engaged in trading for supplies.
During the night a small boat tied to the stern of the Eleanora was taken away by some natives and a sailor in the boat was killed by them. Metcalfe's retaliation for this deed can hardly be surpassed for downright fiendishness. He tried unsuccessfully to recover the boat and the sailor, fired some rounds of shot into the village, thereby killing several of the inhabitants, and then, learning that the natives who stole the boat had come from Olowalu, he sailed around to that place.
Having found out definitely that the boat had been broken up and the sailor killed, Metcalfe planned his revenge. He first placed all his cannons on the starboard side of the ship and loaded them with musket balls and langrage shot. He then encouraged the natives to come off in their canoes to trade, but he kapued the larboard side of the ship and thus contrived to get the canoes—scores of them—closely grouped to starboard.
Outward appearances were friendly, when suddenly the ship's whole broadside was fired into the canoes. The slaughter was horrible; more than a hundred of the natives were killed and many others wounded. This affair is known in Hawaiian annals as the "Olowalu massacre. About five or six weeks later, the Fair American arrived from San Blas and while making its way down the west side of Hawaii was becalmed near a place in north Kona where the chief Kameeiamoku was residing.
This chief had once committed some petty offense on board the Eleanora for which he had been struck with a rope's end by Captain Simon Metcalfe. Smarting under this affront to his dignity, Kameeiamoku is said to have sworn that he would have revenge on the next. James Colnett, who was at the islands in April, , in the Argonaut, obtained from the natives some furs and some bits of information that enabled him to piece together the main facts regarding the Olowalu massacre and the capture of the Fair American.
Photostat copy of Colnett's journal in AH. There is another very brief independent account in J. Ingraham, Journal of the Voyage of the Brigantine Hope. Kamakau gives a detailed account in his Ka Moolelo o Kamehameha I, chap. There are some other brief accounts in journals and log books, most or all being based on information furnished by John Young.
As fate would have it, the next ship was the tiny schooner Fair American, commanded by Metcalfe's son and having a crew of only five men. Kameeiamoku and his followers, after gaining admittance to the vessel by pretence of friendly trade, had little difficulty in throwing the captain and crew overboard, killing all of them except one, and seizing the vessel.
The sole survivor, Isaac.
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Davis, was taken under the protection of Kamehameha, who by this time had become king of the northwestern half of the island of Hawaii and who is said to have rebuked Kameeiamoku for his barbarous deed. Kamehameha likewise took possession of the schooner and it became the first foreign style vessel in his war fleet.