Yannakakis, Hector P. Martinez, Maurizio Garbarino. Emotion and Attitude Modeling for Non-player Characters. Emotion-Driven Level Generation. Julian Togelius, Georgios N. Emotion-Driven Narrative Generation. Emotional Appraisal Engines for Games. Nadia Bianchi-Berthouze, Katherine Isbister. Lovotics: Love and Sex with Robots. Back Matter Pages About this book Introduction The core message of this book is: computer games best realise affective interaction. Editors and affiliations. Yannakakis 2 1. Buy options. By Kelly Young.
The feats would be the first of their kind and will lay the groundwork for future autonomous robotic missions to the Moon, Mars and beyond. Once it is within metres of the station, ground controllers and astronauts track the final approach and could fly it manually if necessary. By Martin Campbell-Kelly. The Independent Online Edition. She worked in machine translation and information retrieval, which for some years were poorly supported by the funding agencies, until the arrival of the Internet and massive improvements in computer capabilities propelled them to the centre of today's networked world.
She was the principal advisor to the Alvey Directorate in Inte! In she was a founder of, and taught on, a master's course on computer speech and language understanding - which produced a generation of research associates and graduate students. Her many honours included the lifetime achievement award of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the Lovelace Medal of the British Computer Society. A Fellow of the British Academy, of which sh! She had worked in automatic language and information processing research since the late s when she co-authored a paper in one of the great founding collections of the discipline, the Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information in Washington, DC.
She made outstanding theoretical contributions to information retrieval and natural language processing and built upon this theoretical framework through numerous experiments. Her work is among the most highly cited in the field and has influenced a whole generation of researchers and practitioners. She received several major awards for her res! The British Computer Society March I've always worked in what I like to call natural language information processing.
That is to say dealing with information in natural language and information that is conveyed by natural language, because that's what we use. The Newell Award, bestowed each year in conjunction with the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, recognizes those whose careers have demonstrated 'breadth within computer science. By Matthew Sparkes. Simon Lucas of Essex University says the competition will be similar to the DARPA Grand Challenge see Desert racers — drivers not included , which involves full-sized vehicles, but will be far less prohibitive. By Andrea K.
The New York Times. But ''Field,'' the software-driven sculpture at the heart of Leo Villareal's third New York show, makes the leap. A computer code written by Mr. Villareal generates an autonomous system that illuminates thousands of colored LEDs, hidden behind a panel of opaque acrylic. A Pittsburgh-based start-up thinks so. By Michael Kanellos. Others, like Hyperactive Bob, will work in fast-food restaurants. Pittsburgh's Hyperactive Technologies has come up with a system, based on the computer vision and artificial intelligence systems employed by robots, to manage the kitchens at so-called quick-service restaurants.
And it sees other benefits as well. Both Hyperactive founders are former CMU researchers. By Jon Excell. The Engineer Online. Nowhere is this balance bet! And the relationship between academia and industry is embodied by Andrew Herbert, the group's managing director. The centre also hosts a group that is carrying out research into machine learning and perception. It is looking at the design of algorithms for applications in areas such as computer vision, image recognition, information retrieval and handwriting recognition.
Herbert explained that the approach to these problems has changed in recent years. While computer scientists once attempted to program computers to work like the human brain, the emphasis today is on modelling the physics of the world using statistics, then building robust statistical algorithms. He said: 'We've built systems that will look at images and say "that's a picture that has a car in it, that's a picture that has a house in it", but the computer isn't being intelligent.
It's saying "this is like all the other things you showed me and if you said those are cars then this must be a car". Physics is exciting, he suggested, while computer science is mostly 'clerical' computer programming. Nothing could be further from the truth, said the impassioned Dr. Wing, head of Carnegie Mellon University's world-class computer science department. The chance to correct that misimpress!
One day, she would like to see parents advise their children to study computer science because 'you can go into computing and do anything. By Ron DaParma. Pittsburgh Tribune-Review March 27, They will apply fundamental concepts of computer science to topics such as individual privacy in today's computerized world, electronic-commerce and imbedded medical devices.
In addition, the center will develop courses for gra! By Nigel Scott. Yorkshire Evening Post. The press dubbed them 'brain machines'. And when computers were delivered to six British universities 50 years ago, they heralded the dawn of a technological revolution. Visit the! By Bill Hess. The avatars, as the characters on the screen are called, can be modified to add to or delete from a program to help a student react to changing circumstances, Lansverk said. While avatar is a computer word, its root is from Sanskrit, meaning god-like creatures. But these are big-time games,' [Darryl Hackett] said.
By Jay Fitzgerald. The military is pushing development of so-called 'autonomous vehicles' that can drive over hills, through streams, across deserts and into urban settings - without drivers or remote controls. Education in China, Minus the Degree.
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By Noam Cohen. The material is provided under a Creative Commons license, which, among other things, forbids its being used for commercia! Currently, there are more than 1, courses published, and 2 million visits a month. His team, which includes four full-time editors and scores of volunteers, has completed translations of courses, and more than partial ones.
Thirty-five are good enough that M. Robots - Modern robots can! By Sean Marke! Discover Magazine. The Financial Express. In a candid chat with BV Mahalakshmi, he stresses on the need to bridge the digital divide and extend the benefits to the rural community. It helps in the concept of telemedicine providing links to doctors and treatment at a distance. It also helps in life-long learning independent of the limitations of language, distance, age and physical disabilities.
The number of! By Edward Cone. CIO Insight. Nobody yet has firm answers to what is probably a multifaceted problem. For one thing, says a report from IT advisory firm Cutter Consortium, the issue is just coming to light. A Computerworld TechCast. By Betty Gordon. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Eventually, more than 9, people working in shifts around the clock were involved in the top-secret project. Navy contracted with National Cash Register Co. Turing came briefly to the United States to consult on the project, and about Americans served at BP. Historians estimate that the efforts of the teams at BP shortened the war by tw!
By March , the place was deserted. Because se! By , there were plans to clear the site for a housing development. The story of BP nearly ended there. But before the demolition, the Bletchley Archaeological and Historical Society decided to stage a farewell party and bring together as many former code breakers as it could find.
From this gathering sprang the Bletchley Park Trust, a registered charity -- it receives no government funds, though an e-petition is on the Web asking for British citizens to sign and endorse BP's becoming part of the Imperial War Museum -- whose mission is to preserve the property and spread the word about the remarkable work done at BP during the war.
And Turing? He continued his work on artificial intelligence and software design, but because the work at BP was still a secret, he could not discuss what he had done during the war. It wasn't until years later that this visionary was given his due as one of the driving forces behind computer science. By Billy Baker. He will try to defe! But what's really got th! It does not sound like much, but the figure has been increasing in recent years. What will change in those two fields from now on is the use of Artificial Intelligence,' says the teacher.
To that extent, FEI is investing in different areas of robotics, from the medical field to intelligent residential automation. By Ryan Haynes. The Boston Globe April 10, By Mark Jewell. San Jose Mercury News. Not that remarkable, except for one thing: Domo is a real, live humanoid robot. He may fascinate you or creep you out. But there is no doubt: Domo is the future. Robotic vacuum cleaners, mops and pool cleaners are already available.
Utilitarian appliances with no personality, they bear no resemblance to the fantastical machines i! Caleb Chung, co-inventor of the Furby, is putting the finishing touches on the Pleo, an actual-size 1-week-old infant Camarasaurus from the late Jurassic period. By Anne Trafton. Space Daily April 12, Domo incorporates elements of both of those robots. There are now plenty of robots doing manual work on f! Living in the real world Edsinger's team, overseen by Brooks, decided to focus on making a robot that can function in a real human environment--in someone's kitchen, for example.
The philosophy behind the team's approach is that humans and robots can work together to accomplish tasks that neither could do all alone. Northwe stern University NewsCenter. One of our most important mental abilities is spatial intelligence -- the ability to perceive accurately and to recreate or transform aspects of the world. Ken Forbus, computer science and education, studies spatial processes by building intelligent artificial intelligen! CogSketch will allow students to sketch on a screen and receive feedback on their work.
Once installed on hand-held computers, CogSketch could be used in classrooms to promote spatial learning or by engineers working out conceptual design issues. New Scientist Issue page 25; subscription req'd. To keep them going, researchers at M! The good news, however, is that most articles have several in! Because this service is for your benefit, we'd really like to hear from you. Comments, suggestions, and feedback of any sort will be! By Stephen Muggleton.
The Guardian. He made contributions of crucial international significance in three distinct fields of endeavour. During the second world war, he developed code-breaking techniques which led to effective automatic deciphering of German high-level ciphers. In the s, he worked with Anne [McLaren] on pioneering techniques which were fundamental in the development of in vitro fertilisation. Donald subsequently became one of the founders of the field of artificial intelligence, an area to which he devoted the remainder of his academic career.
It was within this field that I came to know Donald as an inspirational supervisor of my PhD at Edinburgh - not only insightful, forceful and even heroic, but possessing a wicked sense of humour. Owing to recent declassification, it is now clear how profoundly importan! During this period at Ble! Both Donald and Turing were interested in programming computers to play chess, as well as developing programs which could learn automatically from experience. Since no computers were then available to him, he hand-simulated the Boxes algorithm, using a device made from an assembly of matchboxes.
By , Donald had assembled a small artificial-intelligence research group at Hope Park Square in Edinburgh. With the support of the Edinburgh vice-chancellor, Sir Edward Appleton, Donald established the experimental programming unit in His crowning achievement was the development, under a team he led, of Freddy II, the world's first demonstration of a laboratory robot capable of using! In , as head of the Turing Trust in Cambridge, Donald founded the Turing Institute in Glasgow, in honour of his former colleague's key contributions to the field.
ITV News July 7, Divorced couple Professor Donald Michie, 83, and Dame Anne McLaren, 80, died when their car left the motorway as they travelled from Cambridge en route to their London home. Prof Michie was a researcher in artificial intelligence who worked as part of the British code-breaking group at Bletchley Park during World War! He contributed to the effort to solve Tunny, a German tel! By Joanna Valley. Scotland on Sunday July 8, Prof Michie was a researcher in artificial intelligence who worked as part of the British code-breaking group at Bletchley Park during the Second World War.
He contributed to the effort to solve Tunny, a German teleprinter cipher. He was director of Edinburgh University's Department of Machine Intelligence and Perception from its establishment in and was founder and editor-in-chief of the Machine Intelligence series. BBC News July 8, Their son, Jonathan Michie, said: 'This is a tragic event especially since Donald was preparing a major lecture to be delivered at the University of Edinburgh on the history of machine intelligence. In the late s, Michie was chief scientist at the Turing Institute in Glasgow,!
Scotland, where he was trying to develop computers that learn! By Robert Fairburn. The Herald July 9, Many of us were fortunate to hear his illuminating talk at the recent Edinburgh Computer History reunion and we were looking forward to future visits. Known to his colleagues as 'Duckmouse', Donald Michie was one of the great multi-disciplinarians of his generation. A classical scholar at the start, he worked with mathematicians - and especially Alan Turing - at Bletchley, then went into genetics until computers caught up with his ambitions to 'build a brain' before putting together his team at Edinburgh.
Retiring in with the title of P! By Alan Cane and Clive Cookson. FInancial Times July 10, The second world war intervened, however. Instead he studied cryptography, discovered that he had a natural aptitude for the subject and was dispatched to Bletchley. There he and Jack Good worked on 'Colossus', the world's first programmable!
Their work cut the time for deciphering the enemy's messages from weeks to hours. The Independent July 12, He had become attracted to the field of machine intelligence during the Second World War, when he had come to know Alan Turing - the most influential computer scientist of his generation. Although there had been a 'cybernetics' movement with an interest in intelligent mechanisms since the late s, it languished after the war and Michie was unable to find a place within it.
He therefore set out on an academic career in genetics.
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Michie h! These started to arrive in British universities in the early s and Michie adroitly switched disciplines, eventually establishing the Department of Machine Intelligence and Perception at Edinburgh University. The Times July 12, Predictive text on mobile phones, realistic characters in video games and efficient call-centre systems all rely on the fundamental research! Michie's primary research involved finding ways for machines to extract rules and behaviours from example data, so that they could learn from experience, and he developed the technique of 'standard induction'. This was effectively applied in industrial plants, for example at a uranium reprocessing plant in Pennsylvania.
Aware of the broader applications of his research, Michie developed a commercial version, ExpertEase, to make the process of extracting general rules from human experts more efficient. By Brittany McCandless. ABC News. From Iran to Ireland, Germany to Greece, nearly teams from 37 countries are participating at RoboCup at the Georgia Institute of Technology, competing in events from search-and-rescue operations to robotic soccer games. The ultimate goal of the RoboCup project is to develop a team of fully autonomous huma!
The competition features research robotics, meaning the more than 1, participants from universities, high schools, middle schools and elementary schools are showcasing new technology. Balch said soccer is the game of choice because it's one of the most international games and it's easy to recognize the robot's goal.
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Real-time perception, artificial intelligence, multirobot collaboration and design principles of autonomous machines are just some of the technologies at work in a single game. By Bradley Olson. July 6, Now picture the nano-sized David Beckham bot playing "soccer" on a field about one sixteenth the size of a quarter. Sound like a feat? Advertisement For a handful of midshipmen and one recent graduate of the Naval Academy, it certainly was The team left yesterday for Georgia Tech in Atlanta, this year's home to the RoboCup championships, an annual spectacle that brings together thousands of robot researchers from several dozen countries who produce soccer-playing robots on various scales, from the nano level to humanoids.
The competition, which started in , runs through Tuesday. Prizes will not be awarded for the inaugural year of the 'nanogram league. CNN July 7, CNN's Bonnie Schneider reports. By Greg Bluestein. But perhaps the most intriguing event was Saturday's Nano Cup, a competition hailed by organizers as the world's first nanoscale soccer game.
Held by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, its organizers hope to show the potential for building tiny devices that can be us! They also hope to develop manufacturing standards for the untapped field. But many ants can do incredible things,' said Michael Gaitan, the leader of the agency's microrobots project.
We'll have to see where it takes us. For now, it's soccer. By Apinya Wipatayotin. It beat 17 rival teams from eight countries,! Jon Erickson's Editor's Eye blog. Dobb's Portal July 9, All in all, approximately students and faculty from universities, high schools, middle schools, and elementary schools competed in events ranging from four-legged and humanoid robotic soccer games to search-and-rescue competitions.
Maybe I should take the easy way out on this, and just say that in an event like RoboCup, everyone is a winner. Okay, that's wimpy -- but it's true. Dobb's Portal July 12, The museum's centrepiec! Every machine on display would be restored to show how it worked, said Mr [Andy] Clark. The Museum gets an unofficial opening on 12 July when the British Computer Society stages a conference at Bletchley on the history of early computers and efforts to preserve them. Such a computer would be able to design experiments, collect the results and then integrate those results with theory.
Indeed, it should be possible, the pair think, for the artificial scientist to build hypotheses directly from the data, spotting relationships that the humble graduate student or even his supervisor might miss. They are using what used to be called artificial intelligence and is now referred to as machine learning to explore the relationships between the two. All of which raises some interesting philosophical points. If, say, a computer were used to diagnose a patient's symptoms and recommend treatment, and the result was flawed, could the computer be held responsible?
Peter Lipton of the University of Cambridge, who ponders such matters, suggests that such expert systems could indeed be held morall! By Jaime Sarrio. The five-day camp was created by fellow robot enthusiast and David Lipscomb High student Bryan Reasonover as a project to earn his Eagle Scout designation. At camp the lights come on. They see the connection. It's fun and they're around other kids who think it is fun, so it's OK to give the right answer. By Christina M. July 12, The program offers a variety of courses for children in grades K The goal for the robotics course is simple.
As instructor Jim Richerson explains it: Technology can be fun. Some of his students in those classes started out as elementary kids in a Learning Can Be Fun course. By Nelson Hernandez. The Washington Post July 13, page B01; free reg. Morgan Nimtz, a year-old from Silver Spring, worked on robots, one of the projects combining computers and physical objects. Giant Campus has gone as far as trademarking the phrase 'Human brains learn more when they're having fun. By Jean Cowden Moore. Ventura County Star July 13, Michelle is one of only two girls in the camp's robotics session!
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It's a lot of fun. Other children at the camp are learning to design and program their own video games or build their own Web sites. By Gayle Perez. The Pueblo Chieftain Online July 14, Vincent spent the past week building and programming a robot as part of the robotics class offered at Pueblo Community College's annual Kids College program.
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Sondra Glick, instructor for the course, said in t! Norwich Bulletin July 15, Christi Jacobs designed a camp for high school cheerleaders where they'll program robots to dance and create digital cheerleading routines. Jacobs, a former captain of the Purdue cheerleading squad who is writing a master's thesis on how to attract women to technology, spoke with Gannett News Service about what she hopes to accomplish.
Question: What kind of reaction have you gotten from people about the camp? Q: Are you worried that if the camp is too successful, cheerleaders will be replaced by! Opinion by Morissa Sobelson. Concored Monitor July 15, The extremely selective program that brought them together was no ordinary program. What fascinated me was the way the students approached learning. A group of students focusing on computer science brought together their interests in environmentalism, magnetism and artificial intelligenc!
Unlike most education-oriented nonprofit organizations that focus on changing the American educational system or assisting the most needy students, the foundation unapologetically focuses on changing the lives of individual, gifted learners, young people with 'high-end minds and low-end family incomes,' as the Washington Post put it.
America is failing its minority and low-income students. The McDuffie Mirror July 19, Will attended the Space Academy Robotics program. He was assigned the position 'station specialist' on a replica of the International Sp! Part of his responsibility was that his team had! By Denise Deveau July 19, Daniel Chun, owner of BoyToys hobby store in Mississauga, said his store's Little Scientist workshops and summer camp program have been growing every year. In , Norvig came to Google to be the director of search quality.
Four years later, he became Google's director of research, overseeing about researchers who investigate topics that range from networking to machine translation. Technology Review spok! Technology Review: What does Google Research do? TR: What are the outstanding problems in search? TR: Your expertise is in artificial intelligence. Isn't Google, at its core, an artificial-intelligence company using machine-learning algorithms to search the Web, recognize speech, and match advertising with keywords?
By Lee Billings. Of course, we've been grappling with the idea of physical and emotional dependence on our artificial creations since at least the time of the Romans. A scientific understanding of human response to social robots began with MIT computer scientist Joseph Weizenbaum's landmark experiments in Weizenbaum was deeply troubled by what he discovered during his experiments with ELIZA: Some of his students exhibited strong emotional connections to the program By Tom Symonds.
It's taking part in the Darpa Grand Challenge, a Pentagon contest for inventors to come up with self-driving vehicles - and the ideas are already starting to be used in today's cars. Sponsored by the United States Government, which wants to develop driverless military supply vehicles for war zones, the challenge will end with a mile race through a mocked-up 'urban area'. The most important rule? No humans allowed. Cars will have to navigate by themselves, avoid other cars, circumvent traffic jams, stop at junctions, follow roa!
A serious test for artificial intelligence. So how long it will be before computers can drive as safely as humans? Almost every loss of life is a result of human error. Statistics will tell us the truth, that these cars are more reliable than human driving. There are already models that can park themselves, or keep in their lane on a motorway. Professor Thrun has more extravagant ideas. Features include:. No simple definition, experts say July 16, Each of them had a slightly different take on the issue of what a robot actually is. Alan Mackworth, the director of the University of British Columbia Laboratory for Computational Intelligence and president of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence, says robots are goal-oriented.
Robots ahead- Are we ready to trust autonomous machines in our daily lives? By Paul Jay July 16, It's less a question of 'What would the robot do? By Martin Morrow July 16, July 18, Tom Geller.
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He lost his world championship title to a computer program in and now that same program has become unbeatable; its creators have proved that even a perfectly played game against it will end in a draw. Jonathan Schaeffer and his team at the University of Alberta, Canada, have been working on their program, called Chinook, since The results were announced today in the journal Science1.
Jaap van den Herik, editor of the International Computer Games Journal, calls the achievement 'a truly significant advance in artificial intelligence'. Schaeffer notes that his research has implications beyo! The same algorithms his team writes to! By Bryn Nelson. July 19, More tangibly, the work could ramp up artificial intelligence and parallel computing know-how and lessen the load for other programs trying to sift through vast DNA databases or produce machine-assisted language translations.
Michael Littman, a professor of computer science at Rutgers University in Piscataway,! By Joseph Hall. After 18 and a half years of work - running as many as computers at a time - University of Alberta scientists have developed a program that can win or draw every single time it plays the ancient board game. The achievement -! But why spend all that time and artificial intelligence on … well…checkers? By Randolph E. By Tim Hornyak subscription req'd. Okuno of Kyoto University] have spent five years developing a humanoid robot system that can understand and respond to simultaneous speakers.
Such auditory powers mark a fundamental challenge in artificial intelligence - how to teach machines to pick out significant sounds amid the hubbub. This is known as the cocktail party effect Forum column by Jim! To the contrary: many of us embrace human exploration as a worthy goal in its own right and as a critically important part of space science in the 21st century.
Although astronaut missions are much more expensive and risky than robotic craft, they are absolutely critical to the success of our exploration program. By Justin Richards. Jeannette Wing's seminal article on computational thinking was mentioned, which states, 'Computational thinking represents a universally applicable attitude and skill-set that everyone, not just computer scientists, would be eager to learn and use. Computer science suffers from a poor relationship with the 'proper' sciences, the debate heard. By Habib Shaikh Jeddah Letter.
Khaleej Times. Al Nuaimi also received a special award for best use of the scientific method in a project display and was given membership of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. By Amanda Schaffer. The New York Times free reg. And robotic devices to help patients with these tasks -- whether strapped to the body or free-standing -- are proliferating rapidly. In 5 to 10 years, I expect we'll see these kinds of devices in all major clinics and rehab hospitals in the developed world, a! The first robotic device for! Krebs and Neville Hogan, a neuroscientist and mechanical engineer at M.
Robotic devices are also well suited to repetitive movement therapy because 'they can do the same thing two million times with perfect consistency,' said Dr. Steven C. Cramer, a neurologist at the University of California, Irvine. Cramer's team uses computer games to make the practice less tedious.
By David Shiga. The robot demonstrated its ability to move around the space station autonomously by climbing hand over hand on the lab's handrails. Watch Eurobot in action video is nine times actual speed. The robot may eventually be used for mundane tasks that the astronauts would otherwise need to do, such as putting away tools and equipment after maintenance jobs. Vision Systems Design. The university opened the c! By Sue Weekes. By Michael French. Develop Magazine news. The Academy boasts work experience opportunities and is backed by local developers Rockstar, Team 17 and Sumo Digital. Each will employ the students involved during summer periods and allow them to carry out their final year projects at their studios.
Each course starts in September. Peter Cowling, professor of computer science at the University of Bradford, added: " With high profile industry figures pointing towards AI Artificial Intelligen! This begoggled midshipman is sharing pool time with the U. The robot subs--more formally, autonomous underwater vehicles--must take into account a range of factors: computer control, power management, navigation, buoyancy and hydrodynamics. The competition isn't limited to teams from the United States. Four universities from Canada have entered, as have the Delhi College of!
Engineering and Japan's Kyushu Institute of Technology. By Carlton Proctor. The Pensacola News Journal. Ford says the multimillion-dollar project would create a 'habitat for innovation' at the Institute for Human and Machine Cognition's headquarters. IHMC's success in the fields of robotics and artificial intelligence is also fueling expansion plans well beyond its home base in Pensacola. By Peter Pae. Los Angeles Times. When he returned to the University of Washington, where he is an expert on artificial intelligence, Etzioni set about creating a computer program that could ensure that fliers get the best deal.
His brainchild, , attempts to tell travelers when they should buy a ticket, predicting whether a fare will go up or down. By Alex Domingu. Across town at Johns Hopkins, for example, a similar robot is used to teleconference with a translator for doctors who don't speak their patient's language. Robotic devices have also been used to guide stroke patients through therapy and help them play video games.
To offer a prosthetic foot with greate! By Reena Jana. And [Hilmar] Janusson's solution was to involve a technology never before used in the field of consumer prosthetics: artificial intelligence. Taking an open-innovation approach also helps share risk, and the company collaborates with lead!
The good news, however, is that most articles have se! Get a robot to help - Globe and Mail plus one related article. Get a robot to help. By Erin Anderssen. Globe and Mail [no longer available for free]. Four million others are less than 10 years away from senior citizenship. The resulting burden on a limited group of caregivers will be immense.
Young adults will be too busy keeping the economy running to tend to ailing parents. Their best hope may be the advent of robots who can serve as companions, nurses, drivers, household help and safety monitors for aging Canadians. And, luckily, robots are evolving just as fast as people are aging. Researchers around the world are fine-tuning! The question is: Are we ready for them? Many scientists say it's no longer clunky software keeping robots in computer labs. It is the ethical and legal debate over what human beings want and expect of artificially intelligent machines once they head out into the world.
To get an idea of just how far robotics has come in a decade, consider the RoboCup, a soccer tournament for smart machines. By Peter Muggeridge. August 2, In the next 20 years, C! Many of these folks are going to be relatively healthy and independent — able to live at home with only minimal home-care assistance. But will our home-care system be able to provide care for even their minor needs? Judging by the current system's inability to cope with its present caseload, how will it possibly function when the number of seniors doubles?
That's why it's so important that the innovations coming from the technology revolution are applied to the societal issues arising from the upsurge in longevity. Spurred on by advances in the Internet, artificial intelligence and robotic technology, many high-tech products are being developed that could one day find their way into seniors' homes. Not only will they allow seniors to remain out of nursing homes but they will also allow medical professionals and family members to look after their needs from a distance.
Here are some high-tech products that might one day allow se! Some are currently available while others are in the design state. Intelligent Wheelchair: Currently in the design stage, its creators hope this Canadian-designed wheelchair will allow elderly disabled patients to get about without assistance. Using artificial intelligence and infrared sensors, the intelligent wheelchair will be able to navigate dwelling spaces without bumping into objects and be able to squeeze through narrow hallways and doorways. It tracks habits such as wake-up time, bathroom usage, meal preparation and medication usage.
The sensors can determine if the patient does not get out of bed at a specified time, if the house is too hot or cold, if the person does not exit the bathroom within a specified time or if they prepared a meal that day. By Ian Sample. Phil Laak and Ali Eslami will play Polaris, the most sophisticated poker-playing program yet written, the product of years of research and refinement by a team of artificial intelligence experts at the University of Alberta in Canada. The poker challenge has been organised by the American Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence as part of its annual meeting.
Polaris has been written to learn its opponent's playing strategy and identify its weaknesses. Top poker players to take on machines. The Vancouver Sun July 23, ; no longer available for free. Jonathan Schaeffer, a team leader with the program, said he believes the computer has enough artificial intelligence to compete with the human poker players.
The two-day contest, beginning Monday, takes place not at a casino, but at the annual conference of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence in Vancouver, British Columbia. Researchers in the field have taken an increasing interest in poker over the past few years because one of the biggest problems they face is how to deal with uncertainty and incomplete information.
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By Matt Crenson. July 21, Laak will play with a partner, fellow pro Ali E! The two will be in separate rooms, and their games will! By Laura Payton.
Phil 'The Unabomber' Laak, a professional poker player, and Ali Eslami, a player experienced in high-stakes games, are taking on the University of Alberta's latest artificial intelligence poker playing technology. The program needs to get used to the humans' style of play and learn what mistakes they tend to make. Games in the sense of a mathematical model for interaction between intelligent entities,' said Bowling, 'not in the sense of play. By Jim Giles. The result means that, while chess world champions have fallen to computers, humans still hold sway in poker, a game where psychology plays a huge role.
The game was played at a meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence in Vancouver, Canada. CBC News July 25, The tension was thick as the fourth and final round was the tie-breaker, with the computer and the humans having each won a previous round. By Martin Harris. Poker News July 25, None of our software is enabled to play online poker on any of the sites.
Rather -- as is explained on the match website -- games 'are an excellent domain for artificial intelligence AI research because games have well defined rules and clear goals. Much as Schaeffer had earlier downplayed the relative significance of a single sample of 2, duplicate hand! Middle East Times July 25 Rows of weary-looking computer scientists and a few spectators watched the grueling poker battle in an overheated hotel conference room as it stretched on until 11 pm GMT Tuesday. When the humans won, the room erupted in cheers. Eslami, a former computer consultant, praised the machine and the computer s!
Darse Billings, a one-time professional poker player and lead architect of the Polaris team at the University of Alberta, said that even though the program lost in the end it played 'brilliantly. By John Markoff. The New York Times July 26, They gave it a name that probably no gambler would ever choose as a nickname, Polaris.
Poker is thought to be a more difficult challenge for software designers than games like chess and checkers. Computer scientists have to develop different strategies and algorithms to deal with the uncertainties introduced by the hidden cards held by each player as well as difficult-to-quantify risk-taking behaviors such as bluffing. Research interest has shifted to games like poker in recent years, in part because chess is no longer of keen interest and in part because rapid progress is being made in developing new algorithms with broad practical applications in areas such as negotiation and commerce, said Tuomas Sandholm, a Carnegie Mellon University computer scientist.
The version of poker used in the match Monday and Tuesday at the annual meeting of the Association for the Advancement Artificial Intelligence was a popular game called Texas Hold! Laak, who is nicknamed the Unabomber because of his trademark hooded sweatshirt and sunglasses, would frequently gesticulate wildly at the laptop computer screen and repeatedly referred to the computer's play as 'sick' -- his way of describing an unexpected or extraordinary action on the part of the machine.
Eslami said after the round. Canadian-built gambling program suffers narrow defeat. The two-day event was staged as part of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence's annual conference in Vancouver. The victors admitted they won by the narrowest of margins.
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I played the best heads-up poker I've ever played and we just narrowly won. I think this program is good enough to win against any of the best players in the world. The quality of this machine -- this beast -- is amazing. By Dan Glaister. The Guardian July 27, For Ali Eslami and Phil 'the Unabomber' Laak - so named because he wears a hooded sweatshirt and sunglasses - the money was small change, but the stakes were high.
Polaris has been 16 years in development at the University of Alberta in Canada. By Chris Ayres. Times Onl! But for those who fear that we may one day be ruled by machines, reassurance has arrived. It turns out that there is one thing computers still cannot do better than us: bluff. Man v machine Deep Blue A virtual wine buff An unbeatable draughts-playing computer. By Colby Cosh. National Post July 27, But his team is now developing software that can play Texas hold-'em poker against talented humans; the best iteration of their 'Polaris,' reigning world champion of computer poker, is being tested this week in a head-to-head game against star professionals Ali Eslami and Phil 'The Unabomber' Laak.
So far, it is giving a decent account of itself, and perhaps that's bigger news than 'Checkers is solved. The solving of checkers is just one small step for the electronic children of man. The giant leap for automaton-kind lies ahead. Computer games? The Herald July 28,! It shook [Garry] Kasparov. Afterwards, he said it 'left a scar in my memory'.
But it also shook the world, albeit in a subtle way. As our champion fell, our relationship with machines changed, too. The vision of computers as our passive servants was fatally compromised. Newsweek declared the match: 'The Brain's Last Stand'. In the years that have followed, games that were once the preserve of the human grandmaster have fallen, too. Researchers recently announced the creation of an 'artificial intelligence' machine that can never be beaten at draughts.
This week, the team behind Chinook took on an entirely different challenge: a human versus machine poker match. The lexicon of poker is the very stuff of human psychology, from 'bluff' kidding an opponent you have a better hand than you do to 'tells' unintentional twitches w! Even if computers eventually win all our games, does that make them intelligent? IcelandReview Online July 28, The conference is one of the largest and most prestigious artificial intelligence AI conferences in the world and the GGP Competition, held for the third time this year, is one of several side events at the conference.
Software entered in the competition is designed to play nearly all games, unlike conventional gaming software. The reality of A. There are still many ethical and safety concerns that must be addressed. How long before we can all expect to have our own A. By Marsha Walton. The RoboCup competition uses soccer-playing robots to promote research in computing and artificial intelligence.
Why use soccer to further such complex scientific goals? We don't have t! Everybody knows instantly,' said Tucker Balch, associate professor of computing and director of the Georgia Tech Institute for Personal Robots in Education. Georgia Tech hosted RoboCup The aspect of the game that becomes almost eerie for non-scientists is that once the game starts, the humans cannot give commands, but the dogs 'talk' to one another. And, as the creators of RoboCup, the Robot World Cup Initiative, realized when it premiered in , the challenges faced by a robot playing soccer can translate to many other fields, such as manufacturing or medicine.
About teams, with 1, participants representing 37 countries, took part in all divisions of RoboCup By Bettina Grachtrup. Deutsche Presse! It is also a world champion. Robbie came top of its category in the recent RoboCup in Atlanta where nearly teams from 33 countries competed in the annual showcase of artificial intelligence at the Georgia Institute of Technology.
In the RoboCup competition in Atlanta, Robbie had 20 minutes to find his 'victims' - shop window dummies wrapped in heated blankets. Student Peter Schneider, who monitored the robot by computer, said Robbie scored most points for the map it drew of the affected region. By Michael Reisman. The engine does more than merely accept queries asked in the form of a question. The company claims that the engine finds the best answer by considering the meaning and context of the question and related Web pages.
A key component of the search engine is a deep natural-language processing system that extracts the relationships between words; the system was developed from PARC's Xerox Linguistic Environment XLE platform. Could this be the beginning of robot consciousness -- and of a better understanding of ourselves? By Robin Marantz Henig.