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- Films set in 1977.
- The African Mercenary.
ISBN No , Contains pages. No Book Cover. This is not a mercenary book, but is too good not to include it if only to read about the training and work they under took. ISBN: With pages. Comments Purchased here. Contains 96 pages. No book cover,. A, the S. S, and Mossad by Tom Geraghty. Published by Pegasus Books ISBN , More Details. Overview Contains pages. Published by Corgi Books Published by Blandford Press Releasing on December 9, More Details and a Preview.
Printed in German Synopsis. Illustrated Published by Pegasus Books Digitised 17th December ISBN X - Published by Berge Hardcover in German. Published by Corgi First published by Sidgwick and Jackson ISBN No Contains Pages. Published by Mainstream Publishing October 1, Wood published by Ashanti Hardback has pages with photographs. Copies available from Regimental books. Previewed on the Rhodeaian site. A mercenary  is a person who takes part in an armed conflict, who is not a national or a party to the conflict and is "motivated to take part in the hostilities essentially by the desire for private gain and, in fact, is promised, by or on behalf of a party to the conflict, material compensation substantially in excess of that promised or paid to combatants of similar ranks and functions in the armed forces of that Party".
As a result of the assumption that a mercenary is essentially motivated by money, the term mercenary usually carries negative connotations. There is a blur in the distinction between a mercenary and a foreign volunteer , when the primary motive of a soldier in a foreign army is uncertain. Art All the criteria a — f must be met, according to the Geneva Convention, for a combatant to be described as a mercenary. That tribunal, using criteria in APGC77 or some equivalent domestic law, may decide that the soldier is a mercenary.
At that juncture, the mercenary soldier becomes an unlawful combatant but still must be " treated with humanity and, in case of trial, shall not be deprived of the rights of fair and regular trial ", being still covered by GC IV Art 5. If, after a regular trial, a captured soldier is found to be a mercenary, then he can expect treatment as a common criminal and may face execution.
As mercenary soldiers may not qualify as PoWs, they cannot expect repatriation at war's end. The best known post-World War II example of this was on 28 June when, at the end of the Luanda Trial ', an Angolan court sentenced three Britons and an American to death and nine other mercenaries to prison terms ranging from 16 to 30 years. The four mercenaries sentenced to death were shot by a firing squad on 10 July The legal status of civilian contractors depends upon the nature of their work and their nationalities with respect to that of the combatants.
Article 1. The situation during the Iraq War and the continuing occupation of Iraq after the United Nations Security Council-sanctioned hand-over of power to the Iraqi government shows the difficulty of defining a mercenary soldier. While the United States governed Iraq, no U. With the hand-over of power to the Iraqi government, if one does not consider the coalition forces to be continuing parties to the conflict in Iraq, but that their soldiers are sent by a State which is not a Party to the conflict on official duty as a member of its armed forces APGC77 Art However, those who acknowledge the United States and other coalition forces as continuing parties to the conflict might insist that U.
The laws of some countries forbid their citizens to fight in foreign wars unless they are under the control of their own national armed forces. If one is proven to have worked as a mercenary for any other country while retaining Austrian citizenship, his Austrian citizenship will be revoked. In , France criminalized mercenary activities, as defined by the protocol to the Geneva convention for French citizens, permanent residents and legal entities Penal Code, L , L , L , L , L This law does not prevent French citizens from serving as volunteers in foreign forces.
The law applies to military activities with a specifically mercenary motive or with a mercenary level of renumeration. It is punishable "to recruit" German citizens "for military duty in a military or military-like facility in support of a foreign power" StGB. Furthermore, a German risks the loss of his citizenship, if he enrolls in an armed force of a state he is also citizen of StAG. In South Africa passed the "Foreign Military Assistance Act" that banned citizens and residents from any involvement in foreign wars, except in humanitarian operations, unless a government committee approved its deployment.
In , the legislation was reviewed by the government because of South African citizens working as security guards in Iraq during the American Iraq occupation and the consequences of the mercenary soldier sponsorship case against Mark Thatcher for the "possible funding and logistical assistance in relation to an alleged attempted coup in Equatorial Guinea " organized by Simon Mann.
The United Kingdom passed a Foreign Enlistment Act in and then the Foreign Enlistment Act , making it unlawful for British subjects to join the armed forces of any state warring with another state at peace with Britain. In the Greek War of Independence , British volunteers fought with the Greek rebels, which could have been unlawful; it was unclear whether or not the Greek rebels were a "state" per the Foreign Enlistment Act, but the law was clarified, saying that the rebels were a state. In , a Privy Council report noted that there had been no prosecutions under the Foreign Enlistment Acts and considered them unenforceable.
The Anti-Pinkerton Act of 5 U. Government from using Pinkerton National Detective Agency employees, or similar private police companies. Government's employing companies offering mercenary, quasi-military forces for hire. United States ex rel. Weinberger v. Equifax , F. There is a disagreement over whether or not this proscription is limited to the use of such forces as strikebreakers, because it is stated thus: The purpose of the Act and the legislative history reveal that an organization was "similar" to the Pinkerton Detective Agency only if it offered for hire mercenary, quasi-military forces as strikebreakers and armed guards.
It had the secondary effect of deterring any other organization from providing such services lest it be branded a "similar organization. Per that interim rule, private security contractors are authorized to use deadly force when protecting their client's assets and persons, consistent with their contract's mission statement. One interpretation is that this authorizes contractors to engage in combat on behalf of the U. It is the combatant commander's responsibility to ensure that private security contract mission statements do not authorize performance of inherently Governmental military functions, i.
Otherwise, civilians with U. Armed Forces lose their law of war protection from direct attack if and for such time as they directly participate in hostilities. On 18 August , the U. Comptroller General rejected bid protest arguments that U. Army contracts violated the Anti-Pinkerton Act by requiring that contractors provide armed convoy escort vehicles and labor, weapons, and equipment for internal security operations at Victory Base Complex, Iraq.
The Comptroller General reasoned the act was unviolated, because the contracts did not require contractors to provide quasi-military forces as strikebreakers. The order followed an unusual series of events set off when a U. Army veteran, Brian X. Scott, filed a protest against the government practice of hiring what he calls mercenaries, according to sources familiar with the matter. Scott did not submit a bid, however, when the bidders who did submit a bid tried to protest at GAO, their GAO bid protests were dismissed due to the fact that Scott had filed a case at the court and deprived GAO of further jurisdiction in the matter.
Scott's case had been dismissed at GAO and was eventually dismissed at the court. The court order was in response to one of the legitimate contractors and Brian X. Scott had no role in obtaining that order. Army and security for the Army Corps of Engineers on reconstruction work in Iraq.
Films set in 1977
The case, which is being heard by the U. Court of Federal Claims, puts on trial one of the most controversial and least understood aspects of the Iraq war: the outsourcing of military security to an estimated 20, armed contractors. In the years of its existence the French Foreign Legion has had over , men serving in its ranks. The better-known combat units in which foreign nationals serve in another country's armed forces are the Gurkha regiments of the British and Indian armies, and the French Foreign Legion. Foreign nationals recruited from countries of the Commonwealth of Nations in the British Army swear allegiance to the British monarch and are liable to operate in any unit.
Gurkhas, however, operate in dedicated Gurkha units of the British Army specifically units that are administered by the Brigade of Gurkhas. However, although they are nationals of Nepal, a country that is not part of the Commonwealth, they still swear allegiance to the British monarch and abide the rules and regulations under which all British soldiers serve;  similar rules apply to Gurkhas of the Indian Army except swearing allegiance to the British monarch.
French Foreign Legionnaires are formed units of the French Foreign Legion , which deploys and fights as an organized unit of the French Army. The private military company PMC is the contemporary strand of the mercenary trade, providing logistics, soldiers, military training, and other services. Thus, PMC contractors are civilians in governmental, international, and civil organizations authorized to accompany an army to the field; hence, the term civilian contractor.
Private paramilitary forces are functionally mercenary armies [ citation needed ] , not security guards or advisors; however, national governments reserve the right to control the number, nature, and armaments of such private armies , arguing that, provided they are not pro-actively employed in front-line combat, they are not mercenaries. That said, PMC "civilian contractors" have poor repute among professional government soldiers [ citation needed ] and officers—the U. Military Command have questioned their war zone behavior. There's no authority over them, so you can't come down on them hard when they escalate force They shoot people, and someone else has to deal with the aftermath.
It happens all over the place. If PMC employees participate in pro-active combat, the press calls them mercenaries, and the PMCs mercenary companies. In the s, the media identified four mercenary companies:. In the PMC business was boosted when the U. In March , four Blackwater USA employees escorting food supplies and other equipment were attacked and killed in Fallujah, in a videotaped attack; the killings and subsequent dismemberment were a cause for the First Battle of Fallujah.
In , a U. DynCorp was among those contracted by the State Department, while others signed contracts with the Defense Department. Other companies from different countries, including Israel, have also signed contracts with the Colombian Defense Ministry to carry out security or military activities. In October , the United Nations released a two-year study that stated, that although hired as "security guards", private contractors were performing military duties.
The report found that the use of contractors such as Blackwater was a "new form of mercenary activity" and illegal under International law. He proposed to her only weeks later, and they were married the same year. The Wild Geese Trophy is a hurling competition which was first played in The competition is played at the Spotless Stadium in Sydney. Galway had trailed by 14 points towards the end of the first half. The Concise CineGraph. Encyclopedia of German Cinema. Berghahn Books, It was distributed by Tiffany-Stahl Pictures.
Klovatz D'Arcy Corrigan - Mr. The Canada goose Branta canadensis is a large wild goose species with a black head and neck, white cheeks, white under its chin, and a brown body. Native to arctic and temperate regions of North America, its migration occasionally reaches northern Europe. Extremely successful at living in human-altered areas, Canada geese have proven able to establish breeding colonies in urban and cultivated areas, which provide food and few natural predators.
The success of this common park species has led to its often being considered a pest species because of their depredation of crops and their noise, droppings, aggressive territorial behavior, and habit of begging for food caused by human hand feeding. Nomenclature and taxonomy The Canada goose was one of the many species describ. File:Domestic Duck. Origins and characteristics A pair of swan goose-type domestic geese swimming In Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia, the original domesticated geese are derived from the greylag goose Anser anser.
In eastern Asia, the original domesticated geese are derived from the swan goose Anser cygnoides ; these are commonly known as Chinese geese. Both have been widely introduced in more recent times, and modern flocks in both areas and elsewhere, such as Australia and North America may consist of either species or hybrids between them.
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Chinese geese may be readily distinguished from European geese by the large knob at the base of the bill, though hybrids may exhibit every degree of variation between the two species. It was published in in his poem book Im Felde zwischen Nacht und Tag In the battle field between day and night. The poem was also part of his novel Der Wanderer zwischen beiden Welten The wanderer between both worlds.
The tragic lyrics pose an interesting contrast to the marching tune which found adoption in other societies as well. Apart from national Studentenverbindung fraternities it is a traditional song in the Austrian and German army. The version of the French Foreign Legion has also overtaken the first stanza of the German lyrics as its fourth s.
Introduction Founded prior to the cease fire by the IRA, the first re-enactment was staged a mere weeks after the first cessation of hostilities. Originally formed to pioneer the concept of using period re-enactment as a means of providing practical training and personal development for the long term unemployed, whilst staging an event as a cultural and historical tourist attraction. The unit quickly found themselves in the unique position of re-enacting an earlier stage of a war that was still ongoing.
They became involved in cross border initiatives due to the unique appeal to all sides in the Irish conflict. Conscious of the old prophecy that "Ireland will lay at peace upon the return of the Wild Geese", they chose the war in Ireland. A grey goose Anser anser. A goose plural geese is a bird of any of several waterfowl species in the family Anatidae. This group comprises the genera Anser the grey geese , Branta the black geese , and Chen which includes the white geese ; the latter being commonly placed within the genus Anser.
Some other birds, mostly related to the shelducks, have "goose" as part of their names. More distantly related members of the family Anatidae are swans, most of which are larger than true geese, and ducks, which are smaller. The term "goose" is more properly used for a female bird, while "gander" refers specifically to a male one.
Young birds before fledging are called goslings. They currently field a single junior football, two junior hurling and previously a ladies football team. At juvenile level they field at hurling only with teams at Under 9, 10, 12, 14 and History The club was established in by Patrick Archer making it one of the oldest in Dublin. The club in Oldtown was called Wild Geese to commemorate those Irish who had travelled abroad to serve in the militaries of other countries. Royal Irish Constabulary records show that the club had 40 members in and meeting in Oldtown and Ballyboghill.
Mahon was secretary and treasurer at the time and E. Gorman was captain. Wild Geese were one of n. It was distributed by 20th Century-Fox. The music score is by Alfred Newman. Plot A lumberjack, John, travels to Alaska from Seattle in search of gold. He marries a dance-hall girl named Sally, but soon finds that she was once in love with his best friend, Blackie. He turned years old in , despite his lifelong philosophy that 'you get more out of life by living dangerously'. His son Chris Hoare wrote a biography on Mike Hoare's life of derring do. Early life and military career Hoare was born in British India and was educated in England.
He was promoted to the rank of major. After the war, he trained as a chartered accountant, qualifying in Geese Descending on a Sandbank. Their legs are highlighted with color. Geese genus Anser are an important motif in Chinese poetry. Examples of goose imagery have an important place in Chinese poetry ranging from the Shijing and the Chu Ci poets through the poets of Han poetry and later poets of Tang poetry such as Li Bai, Wang Wei, Du Fu, and the Xiaoxiang poetry, especially in the poetry of the Song dynastic era.
Various poetic concepts could be communicated by the inclusion of the imagery of geese in a poem, and the understanding of allusions to a goose or geese can help provide key insights into the poems of Classical Chinese poetry. Chinese sources typically distinguish between two types of geese, the domestic. The Wonderful Adventures of Nils orig. These two are usually combined into a single book called The Wonderful Adventures of Nils, although that name could also describe the first book only.
The background for publication was a commission from the National Teachers Association in to write a geography reader for the public schools.
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- The Wild Geese.
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She has sought out hitherto unpublished folklore and legends of the different provinces. These she has ingeniously woven into her story. When publis. The game was played on the pitch at Gaelic Grounds in Limerick in the years and The Classic was intended to be a celebration of the th anniversary of the Flight of the Wild Geese of and the Irish heroes who resisted an English seize of the City of Limerick.
UMass won the matchup by a score of The two Wild Geese Classic games were both hampered by poor attendance, Gaelic Grounds had a capacity at the time of about 50, people. The game saw an attendance of about 12, fans and only about 5, attended the second. Further, the game was unable to gain a national television contract and was only broadcast locally to areas where the competing Uni. Daniel Carney — was a Rhodesian novelist.
Mercenaries, Spies and Private Eyes
He was a brother of Erin Pizzey, also a writer. In , he co-founded the estate agents Fox and Carney in Salisbury, Rhodesia. He died of cancer in They have consistently withheld permission to reproduce Daniel's novels, and have opposed re-release or sales of the movies based on the novels. The film had been hampered by the collapse of its American distributor, Allied Artists.
As a result, the film was only partially distributed in the United States, where it was. Rachel Lyman Field — March 15,  was an American novelist, poet, and children's fiction writer. She grew up in Stockbridge, Massachusetts. Her first published work was an essay entitled "A Winter Walk" printed in St. Nicholas Magazine when she was Calico Bush  still stands out as a near-perfect re-creation of people and place in a story of courage, understated and beautiful.
Pederson in , with whom she collaborated in on To. The film was co-written, produced and directed by screenwriter Mario Siciliano that was inspired by the international success of The Wild Geese. The film features extensive reuse of action footage from Siciliano's mercenary film Seven Red Berets. Despite the title, none of the characters are skinned alive in the film. Plot Rudy, a young man from an unnamed European nation is beaten up by gangsters and threatened with death if he does not pay his debts. Rudy finds himself joining the mercenaries to rescue his brother and claim a share of diamonds.
Leslie Schofield born 12 December is an English actor who is most famous in the UK for his role as Jeff Healy in the popular soap opera EastEnders, whom he played from to He also appeared in EastEnders briefly in and playing a different character named Brian Wicks.
When he was six, two Austrian music experts visited him at home and after various tests, found that he had perfect pitch. In , he made his public concert debut at the London Coliseum. By the age of eight, he could play the Wurlitzer organ and four years later he was appearing on television at the London Palladium.
Although widely thought to be a self-taught pianist, he did also receive piano lessons from a lady called Mrs Sax who also lived in Mitcham. In , and he featured on the Carroll Levis show on radio. Roy also won a talent competition on a television talent show hosted by Bert Weedon in He san. The anime was mostly fairly true to the original, apart from the appearance of Nils' pet hamster, and the greater role allowed to the fox Smirre.
The music was written by Czech composer Karel Svoboda. References News item in The Ledger, 19 August Additional sources Simon Sheridan. The knob at the top of the beak is more prominent on males than females. It takes several months for the knob to become pronounced enough that it can be used for determining gender.
Chinese geese are a close cousin of the African goose, a heavier breed also descended from the swan goose. Chinese geese appear in two varieties: a brown similar to the wild swan goose and white.
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- Films set in 1978.
While many domestic Chinese geese have a similar body type to other breeds, the breed standards as defined in the American Poultry Association's Standard of Perfection and other sources call for a slimmer, taller fowl. The theatre was founded in History Founded in , the theatre works with marginalized and disadvantaged communities using a combination of documentary theatre, music and recorded voices.