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The databases and the guides to which users have access free-of-charge are especially important on the site in question. In particular, these include the following. It also provides information, reviews and lists of sites of interest for lawyers. A database of different kinds of documentation including legislation is also online.

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Diritto Costituzionale - Video lezione n. 1: Diritto e ordinamento giuridico, Fonti

The A. Its objective is to offer a rapid, complete and user-friendly tool which, on the basis of a selection made at the source, provides with updating made possible through the availability of the material the bibliographical details of legal literature regarding the Law of Economics, published since January Not only the section dedicated to news is interesting, but also the section regarding books, which — thanks to the publishing houses permission — enables users to browse summaries and tables of contents.

Among the publishing houses specialized in the legal sector, we would like to mention:. The online catalogue is updated daily with data on all the volumes published, both those currently on the market and those in print in the past. It provides services, texts, periodicals and many offline and online databases which are distributed against payment of a subscription fee. The following are among the most important services in the legal sector:. In particular, with regard to the legislation, it makes the following available to the user:.

The catalogue, made available by the publishing house, enables the user to consult the electronic cards relating to over published volumes updated in real time.

Initially divided into frames, more recently it has been the object of a restyling. Finally, it provides a newsletter giving the user updated information. Apart from containing a series of important articles and contributions, it presents the annotated Italian Civil Code, the Italian Constitution, and lists of Italian and international sites. The following can be listed among the typically specialized journals:. It contains general and scientific information and information related to the legal world. It is, therefore, a proper electronic journal, among the most prestigious within the Italian legal panorama on the Web, with many articles regarding legal literature, organized by subject matter or argument through a chronological index.

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The second section is subdivided into three columns: the first is dedicated to sites of legal and philosophical interest, with links to Italian and foreign online journals, universities and search engines. The second reports events, such as conferences, debates or the publication of books.

It is structured in four sectors: tax law, rent and condominium law, family law and administrative penalties. It is divided into several sections including: legal informatics, case law news, in-depth legal studies, and Parliamentary information. Ettore Giannantonio, who dedicated many years to the study of this topic. It is rich in information, case law and legislation on the environment contributing to the discussion on this topic, and also has a newsletter which keeps users up-to-date on what is happening in the field.

Many libraries, especially if they are of a certain importance, like university libraries, have transformed their catalogues into databases, usually making them available to the user free-of-charge. There are now also groups of these under the same organization which has created collective catalogues or MetaOPACs. By way of example, we can cite the virtual catalogue Cultural Site of the Tuscany Region , which permits this type of search in simple or advanced mode within a large number of Libraries in the Provinces and in the Universities within the Region. It is a network of Italian Libraries created by the Ministry for Cultural Heritage in collaboration with the Regions and Universities; currently, it provides access to the bibliographical news which is periodically downloaded from the databases of the SBN Index: the Modern Book, the Antique Book and Music.

At present, the catalogue contains about 9 million localizations and 4. The initiative falls within the framework of the reform of the Italian Public Administration aimed at guaranteeing transparency and simplification in its relationship with citizens. To better understand its importance, it is worthwhile mentioning that, in November , the Assembly of the Italian Chamber of Deputies passed a resolution regarding Government policy in which the NIR Project was given the highest priority within the ambit of initiatives for administrative simplification.

From onwards, there was a gradual incrementation and consolidation of the system and definition of the access modes, provided free-of-charge for the Central Administrations and against payment for other user groups. At present, the possibility of consulting it is reserved only for users who have the right to link up free-of-charge and it will be come into effect through a gradual release organized by categories. The ItalgiureWeb documentation system includes 41 databases, with a total of over 4 million documents. In particular, in the field of international and European Community legislation there are:.

In the field of national and regional legislation there are:. In the field of national, Community and foreign jurisprudence there are:. Ministerial circulars databases include:. National and international legal authority databases include:. It also contains the titles of articles of legal authority from up until now;. Information, documentation and utility databases include:. This is one of the tools being experimented with at ITTIG, the objective of which is to give unified access to material relating to legal authority distributed on the Web by different public or private, institutional, scientific and commercial organizations to provide a series of specialist services forums, distribution of documents, data interchange, etc.

It applies the rules of the legislation in force so the users are given a complete and effective picture;. It is an integrated software environment for lawyers, which has the important added value provided by a communication environment, based on Internet, allowing lawyers to link up and exchange information with the Court Offices;. This work contains all the jurisprudence, the legislation and the bibliography regarding the civil, criminal and bankruptcy regulation of companies, co-operatives and consortia.

The published documentation is appropriately classified and linked through a system of logical links and references;. Also there are:. Monateri : approximately 2, entries relating to civil, commercial, criminal and public law are collected together on a single CD-ROM, with the possibility of directly searching most of the citations found in the comments. Among the best services available, we would like to mention not only that offered by Google , which through a special search engine enables the user to carry out a full text search within the messages, but also that offered by Arianna.

Camera dei Deputati. Senato della Repubblica. Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri.

Ministero degli affari esteri. Ministero del commercio internazionale. Ministero dello sviluppo economico. Ministero delle comunicazioni. Ministero della difesa. Ministero della giustizia. Ministero delle infrastrutture e dei trasporti. Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione. Ministero del Lavoro e della Previdenza Sociale. Ministero delle politiche agricole e forestali. Ministero della salute. Commissione Europea — Rappresentanza in Italia. Esercito Italiano. Garante per la Protezione dei Dati Personali.

Marina Militare. Polizia di Stato. Conferenza dei Presidenti delle Regioni e delle Province autonome. Costituzioni Regionali. Ministero della Giustizia. Corte Costituzionale. Corte dei Conti. Corte Suprema di Cassazione. Giustizia militare italiana. Associazione italiana della comunicazione pubblica e istituzionale.

Associazione Nazionale Forense. Consiglio Nazionale Forense. Consiglio Nazionale del Notariato. EuroJuris Italia — Gli studi legali italiani in Europa. The Cardozo Electronic Law Bulletin. Ciberspazio e Diritto. Rivista telegiuridica. European Law Journal. Foro Europa. Rassegna di giurisprudenza comunitaria e diritto europeo. Il portale del giurista - rivista giuridica telematica. Il Foro Italiano. Rivista on line. Gazzetta Ufficiale gratuita.

Introduction

Ultimi sessanta giorni. Guida al Diritto on line — Il Sole Ore. Rivista di Informatica, Telematica e Diritto. Informatica e Diritto. Rivista Internazionale di Informatica e Diritto. InterLex — Diritto, Tecnologia, Informazione. Guida aggiornata per aree tematiche su tutta la normativa italiana ed europea. Rivista Internet di diritto pubblico. Notiziario Giuridico Telematico. Le Nuove Voci del Diritto. Rubrica settimanale di dottrina. Palomar — Osservatorio di diritto costituzionale.

Quotidiano di diritto e delle nuove tecnologie informatiche. Censis — Centro Studi Investimenti Sociali. Portale giuridico delle nuove tecnologie. Legislazione e Giurisprudenza italiana inerenti al Diritto di Internet. Gazzetta no problem. Giustizia italiana. Index Europea. Internet e le sue leggi. JeI — Jus e Internet. Leggiweb — Leggi italiane. Il Processo telematico. Ministero della giustizia: Biblioteca centrale giuridica. Dipartimento Ambiente - Bologna. Accordi Internazionali [Min.

Contratti del settore pubblico [Aran]. Contratti e accordi collettivi di lavoro [CNEL]. Direttive comunitarie [Min. Politiche Comunitarie]. Gazzette, leggi e normative [Rete civica Aesinet]. Leggi italiane [LeggiWeb]. Leggi Regionali [Camera dei Deputati]. Legislazione comparata [ParlaLex]. Normativa europea [Unione Europea].

Normativa comunitaria e internazionale, codici e leggi nazionali e regionali, contratti collettivi — ItalgiureWeb [Ced-Cassazione]. Trattati Internazionali [Min. Giurisprudenza comunitaria [Unione Europea]. Giurisprudenza costituzionale [Corte Costituzionale]. Giurisprudenza costituzionale [Consulta Online]. Giurisprudenza della Cassazione e delle altre supreme Corti,. Atti di controllo e di indirizzo politico. Dottrina giuridica [Dottrina. Altalex — Quotidiano di informazione giuridica. Diritto Online. Duralex online. Erga Omnes — Diritto alla fonte. IusReporter — esplorazioni giuridiche.

Kataweb — i portali giuridici. MDM Juris. NIR — Norme in Rete. SuperEva: Leggi e Diritto. Italia: Diritto. Unione Europea. Parlamento Europeo. Commissione Europea. Corte dei Conti Europea. Banca Centrale Europea. Banca europea per gli investimenti. Fondo europeo per gli investimenti.

Comitato economico e sociale. Comitato delle Regioni. Europol — European Police Office. Mediatore europeo.

UPDATE: Guide to Italian Legal Research and Resources on the Web - GlobaLex

The repeal can be expressed by an explicit statement of legislator or implied because of inconsistency with subsequent law. Moreover it can be a consequence of referendum or due to intrinsic causes special laws issued for a limited period or in particular circumstances. Appello nominale [Roll call] : one of the ways in which the Houses of a Parliament vote. It consists in the calling in alphabetical order of each single Member of Parliament, who is expected to openly and publicly cast his or her vote. Assemblea costituente [Constituent Assembly] : special and provisional collegial body elected to draw up and to approve a Constitution, as well as to carry out the legislative tasks normally appertaining to Parliament.

Associazione [Association]: organized complex of people and property having no financial ends. Associazione Nazionale Magistrati [A. Atti di alta amministrazione [Upper Administrative Acts] : fundamental directives adopted by the Public Administration in order to meet Government policies on the management and care of its functions these therefore act as links between policy and administration. Atti aventi valore di legge [Legally binding Acts] : decrees law, legislative decrees and normal Regional laws are defined as such.

They are characterized by the fact that, although having all the effects of law, they are limited in terms of their duration or in what they regulate. Atti di concerto [Collegial Acts] : acts that invest more than one authority and more than one particular competence and for which more than one body concurs with respect to what is regulated. Atti di controllo [Controlling Acts] : second level regulations to reform — or to re-examine — a previously passed act or procedure the following are examples of these: visas, approvals, authorizations, validations or annulments during checking procedure.

Atti definitivi [Definitive Acts] : administrative acts that cannot be altered by ordinary administrative procedures.

Atti generali [General Acts] : Public Administration acts dealing with general or abstract matters that apply to an indeterminate number of parties. Atti giuridici [Legal Acts] : conscious and voluntary behaviors that has legal effects. Atti ispettivi del Parlamento [Parliamentary Inspecting Acts] : a posteriori acts usually passed separately by each House that politically control the activity of the Government. In certain cases they take on a preventive form in order to solicit a decision such as, for example, in the case of parliamentary questions.

Atti normativi [Normative Acts] : acts that affect an indeterminate number of subjects and can modify or renovate the existing legal system. Atti parlamentari [Parliamentary Acts] : acts resulting from the work carried out by each House of Parliament Deputies and Senators.

UPDATE: Guide to Italian Legal Research and Resources on the Web

Parliamentary acts also include summary reports of Committee meetings, that contain all the bills presented in the Houses. Atti politici [Political Acts] : through these acts Government policy that is the supreme will of the State is implemented. Atto unilaterale [Unilateral Act] : acts through which a single party in particular a State sets down rules that result in rights and obligations in the legal relationships existing between international community parties. Autarchia [Autarchy] : the ability of bodies other than the State to dispose of public authority; it consists in the ability, inherent to public bodies, to administer their own interests by carrying out an administrative task that has the same character and the same legal efficacy as that of the State.

It stands for the particular condition of certain public bodies that are permitted to administer themselves by means of internal institutions and procedures. Autonomie locali [Autonomous Local Bodies] : local bodies that the State recognizes as autonomous authorities; they have the right and the effective ability to regulate and to administer — within the bounds of the Law and on their own responsibility — a significant part of public affairs.

Avvocatura dello Stato [State Attorney-General Office] : auxiliary organ with general competencies that the State Administration institutionally entrusted of the representation and the defense in judgment involving ordinary, administrative and special jurisdiction, arbitration colleges and constitutional jurisdictions. Bicameralismo perfetto [Pure Bicameralism] : in a twin House parliamentary system both Houses have identical powers and functions.

Bollettino Ufficiale [Official Bulletin] : a periodical issue edited by Public Bodies and Administrations which publishes internal regulations and, more in general, the laws and rules regulating the administrative sectors within the competencies of the Body that publishes the Bulletin. Burocrazia [Bureaucracy] : complex of offices and personnel that apply the regulations drawn up by the organs of the Public Administration.

Catasto [Land Register] : general list of all property land or real estate that determines the consistency and the income of property through its description, measurement and estimation. Circondario [District] : territorial area that delimits the competence of an ordinary Court. Coalizione di Governo [Government Coalition] : coalition of Parties that, taken together an absolute majority in Parliament, provides the parliamentary basis for the Government.

It pursues a coordinated and common political line with respect to the political Parties that it comprehends. Codice [Code] : systematic and organized set of laws relating to the same subject or sector for example: Civil Code, Penal Code, etc. Codificazione [Codification] : ordered and coherent system of norms and regulations in a particular field.

It is made up of the representatives of Local and Regional Councils and it is nominated on the basis of proposals from the respective Member-States. Comitato Regionale di Controllo [CO. Commissione europea [European Commission] : executive organ of the European Union that implements Community acts and treaties. Comune [Commune] : territorially defined public body headed by a Mayor elected directly by the citizens. Conferenza permanente tra Stato e Regioni [Permanent Conference between State and Regions] : corporate Body that has an information, consultation and coordinating role with respect to general policies barring foreign policy, justice and national security.

They have an administrative character, that is compulsorily determined by Law and they are competent for all magistrates of the District. Consiglio comunale [Communal Council] : highest institutional organ of the Commune. The Communal Council represents the local community by which it is directly elected. It has duties of policy and of political-administrative control. Its presidency is assigned on a six-month in rotation to each Member-State of the European Union.

Consiglio di gabinetto [Cabinet Council] : organ that assists the Prime Minister and the Vice-Prime Minister in their political activity, notwithstanding the powers of the Council of Ministers. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche [C. CNR has the legal status of a public organization, and defines for itself autonomous rules and regulations, in accordance with the existing laws and the Civil Code. Consiglio notarile [Notarial Council] : established in each Notarial District, it has a watch role on the notarial profession and on the conduct of notaries registered in the District. Consiglio provinciale [Provincial Council] : representative collegial organ that has a guiding and political-administrative inspection role in the context of the Province.

Consiglio regionale [Regional Council] : the highest deliberative and representative organ of the Region. It has normative and administrative competencies as well as organizational, financial and book-keeping autonomy. Consiglio di sicurezza [Security Council] : it is the most important organ of the United Nations Organization and has a fundamental task in the maintenance of international peace and security.

Consiglio di Stato [Council of State] : an organ that has a jurisdictional and consultative function in the administrative sphere. As a jurisdictional organ, it is competent to re-examine on second level the judgements pronounced by the Regional Administrative Tribunals TAR. Consiglio Superiore della Magistratura [C.

Italy: IALS Library Guides

It is a self-governing body of the Magistracy. It issues orders for the appointment, assignment, transfer and promotion of magistrates judges and public prosecutors together with having responsibility for disciplinary judgements. Consuetudine [Custom] : source of Law that consists of a behavior, conforming to the Law, which is kept in a constant and uniform way by the citizens.

It is a primary level source in the hierarchy of norms of the international legal system. Consultazione popolare [Popular Consultation] : system of inquiry: opinion poll, through which the attitude of citizens with respect to political-administrative orientations is verified. Corte Costituzionale [Constitutional Court] : body set up by the Italian Constitution to carry out the following functions: to adjudicate on the constitutionality of laws deciding whether they comply with the provisions of the Constitution ; to adjudicate on conflicts between State Powers legislative, administrative, judicial , between the State and Regions or between different Regions; to adjudicate on the admissibility of repealing referendums; to adjudicate, in cases provided for under the law, on criminal charges brought against the President of the Italian Republic.

The Court is made up of fifteen judges holding office for nine years. It is made up of three judges. It has territorial jurisdiction within its own District, generally corresponding to a Region. The Court is normally located in the Region capital. In carrying out their functions the jurors have equal status to the Court judges: their votes count for the same as those of the judges when the Court reaches a sentence.

It is responsible for checking the legitimacy of the activities of the Government and of the Public Administration. It is also responsible for checking the management of the accounts of the State, of the Public Administrations generally and of the bodies subsidized by the State. It also has a judicial function in the field of public accounting and in relation to pensions of State officials. When dealing with matters of particular significance it sits in United Sessions. The Court of Accounts also has a consultative function when asked to give opinions on specific matters and a referral role when it is called upon to report directly to the Houses of Parliament on the results of the checks it has carried out.

Questions relating to conflicts of jurisdiction, competence and powers within the Magistracy are also referred to it for adjudication. It hears appeals both in civil and criminal matters against decisions reached by lower Courts but only on points of law assessment of legitimacy. It is thus concerned to ensure that the Court dealing with the merits of the case has correctly applied and interpreted the law in reaching its decision. It is a collegial body dealing with ordinary jurisdiction. In cases of particular importance it sits in United Sessions. Its offices are in Rome and it has jurisdiction over the whole territory of the Italian Republic.

The Court has the power to settle legal disputes between Member-States, European Union Institutions, businesses and individuals. It can be appealed to for violations of rights and liberties guaranteed by the Convention. In accordance to the Statute it is an organ of the United Nations. It is made up of fifteen judges of various nationalities who are elected on the basis of their competencies and moral standing. Costituzione [Constitution] : fundamental law of the Republic that sanctions the fundamental principles, the duties and rights of citizens.

It also regulates the State organization. Decreto-legge [D. Decrees law can be converted to laws by Parliament. Decreto legislativo [D. Decreto ministeriale [D. Resta tuttavia da decifrare il finale di Una vita , che si pone in contrasto con il pensiero del filosofo tedesco. Qualche tempo di due umani e un demone , per poi giungere a Profonda notte e infine al romanzo del Fuori tempo.

Ce hackathon est fait pour vous! Durant les trois jours de formation les participants auront un panorama de la bibliographie, des instruments et des pratiques ainsi que des conseils pour poursuivre leur formation scientifique. Continuer la lecture de Save the date!

The Code of Criminal Procedure is represented by:. Sessional legislation is officially published in the Gazzetta ufficiale della Repubblica italiana , published since the foundation of the State in This contains both national and regional legislation. The IALS set is complete except for the years Shelved with it is an index of legislation in force, both national and regional.

The Normattiva website can be used to search legislation published in the Official Gazette from onwards. The full-text of laws of the current legislature can be found on the Parlamento Italiano web site. Citation style. Finding legislation. For legislation since try the digest Giustizia civile : repertorio generale annuale di legislazione, bibliografia, giurisprudenza. Published annually, the main work is arranged alphabetically by subject. Indexes at the back allow searching by the date and number of the law.

This digest can also be used to check whether any changes have been made to any particular piece of legislation in any given year since Alternatively if you know the date you can try the indexes in the annual volumes of Lex or, if you know the subject, try the index of legislation in force, both national and regional, shelved with Lex under the title La legislazione vigente This series can also be used to locate laws pre whose date is known.

The two most widely used general series of reports are. Specialized reports include. There are two categories of publication which may be described as "digests". Both the Foro italiano and Giurisprudenza italiana publish a companion series called a "massimario", usually published monthly and cumulated annually. These contain the "massime" or legal principles underlying the civil and criminal decisions of the Supreme Court Corte de Cassazione. A special department of the Court is charged with extracting these "maxims", which to an English reader look rather like headnotes or entries in a case digest.

Other massimarii relating to specific areas of law are published, but none is received currently there are a few random out of date volumes in the reserve collection. Slightly wider in scope are publications with the title Repertorio , published annually. These reproduce not only massime from a large range of reports and periodicals, but also references to legislation, books and articles published during the year. Arrangement is alphabetical by subject.

You should be able to find an Italian case if you have any one or more of the following pieces of information:. Foro it. Finding cases. The main index is the digest Giustizia civile : repertorio generale annuale di legislazione, bibliografia, giurisprudenza [IALS ]. There are indexes at the end of each year allowing entry by party name, court name or date. For cases pre for which you have the date you could try the annual indexes to the volumes of Foro italiano or Giurisprudenza Italiana or its companion series Massimario della Giurisprudenza Italiana which allow searching by subject, date, party names or type of law eg code, national, regional legislation.

Two publications may be placed in this category: the Digesto Italiano , which is not held by IALS, and the Enciclopedia del Diritto , which we do have. The Enciclopedia del diritto is published by Guiffre in around 46 volumes since There are several works on a grand scale in Italian legal literature, of which the Institute has very few. These are:. Our main work on company law is really an annotated collection of statutes and cases:.

A series of useful one-volume "short commentaries" on the major codes are published by CEDAM under the collective title Breviaria Iuris. The Institute has the following volumes:. Titles on current subscription are:. Together with the major law report series, these are all indexed in the Index to foreign legal periodicals.

Resoconto del convegno

Italian titles in international and European law are excluded from this list. The Institute holds an annual index to Italian legal literature from up to which includes not only periodical articles but also books published during the year: Dizionario bibliografico delle reviste giuridiche italiane edited by V. Giuffre, in two volumes, then annual from to The DoGi database of the Istituto per la Documentazione Giurdica Institute for Legal Documentation contains abstracts in Italian of articles published in around Italian legal journals since A list of Italian libraries of legal interest with online information and catalogues can be found on the same site.

The catalogue is reached via the National Library Service website. Several of the major Italian legal publishers have their catalogues available on the internet including Giuffre, Cedam, Utet and Zanichelli. IALS holds the following Italian legal dictionaries:. For further abbreviations see Sprudzs, A. Italian abbreviations and symbols: law and related subjects Useful starting points to sources of Italian legal information include:. Italy in Winterton, J and Moys, E eds. Information sources in law 2nd ed.

Bowker Saur, The site of the Instituto di Teoria e Tecniche dell' Informazione Giuridica Institute of Legal Information Theory and Techniques outlines the databases which it publishes, and includes some useful guides in Italian. The Italy section of WorldLII , the law index and search service maintained by the Australasian Legal Information Institute, allows the browsing and searching of selected sites containing Italian primary legal materials.

The Eagle-i Internet Portal for Law , a guide to good quality law resources on the internet, includes over twenty items on Italy. Documentazione di Fonte Pubblica in Rete is a site created by the Italian Libraries Association providing access to public information on the web. Update information Last updated: Heather Memess, December Need assistance?

Your comments We'd love to hear your comments about this Research Guide. Useful links We also recommend the following online research guides for foreign jurisdictions. Introduction Italy as a nation is a relatively modern creation, being the result of a unification of numerous kingdoms, duchies and principalities in Back to TOP. Primary sources: Constitution As with other continental jurisdictions, IALS sources are mainly commercial publications rather than official ones.

Primary sources: Codes and statutes For the main codes, we have a one-volume compilation: I quattro codici e le leggi complementari [i. The Code of Navigation is represented by Gaeta, D. Codice delle leggi sulla navigazione marittima interna e aerea.