Results Seven of the 19 pilot projects active in Italy in participated in the survey. Table 1 Characteristics of the participating centres: target population, proportion of foreigners, study period, and available information for immigration status. Open in a separate window. Figure 1. Figure 2. Table 2 Main data and principal performance indicators of seven Italian pilot programmes adopting HPV as primary screening test followed by cytology triage, by country of birth. Relative risk immigrants vs. Figure 3. Discussion This is the first study reporting the results of several population-based screening programmes that adopted HPV DNA as primary screening stratified for migrant and native population in an industrialized country.
Participation Several of the HPV DNA test pilot programmes reported a slightly higher participation than that of Pap test-based programmes [ 32 - 36 ]. Limits and strengths The country of birth, which we used as a proxy of the migration status, could misclassify women, thereby including many Italian women among the migrants. Conclusions Immigrant women have a higher prevalence of HPV, a worse ratio of high-grade vs. Footnotes Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Contributor Information Cinzia Campari, Email: ti.
References 1. Handbooks of cancer prevention. Cervix Cancer Screening. Human papillomavirus is a necessary cause of invasive cervical cancer worldwide. J Pathol. Accessed April 24, Worldwide trends in cervical cancer incidence: impact of screening against changes in disease risk factors. Eur J Cancer. Cervical screening participation and risk among Swedish-born and immigrant women in Sweden. Int J Cancer. Giorgi Rossi P, Ronco G. Curr Pharm Des. Cervical cancer epidemiology in foreign women in Northern Italy: role of HPV prevalence in country of origin. Eur J Cancer Prev.
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Risk of invasive cervical cancer and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade III in central Italy by area of birth. J Med Screen. Cancer incidence among Canadian immigrants, — results from a national cohort study. J Immigr Minor Health. Investigating cervical, oesophageal and colon cancer risk and survival among migrants in The Netherlands. Eur J Public Health. Hemminki K, Li X. Cancer risks in Nordic immigrants and their offspring in Sweden. Cancer risk diversity in non-western migrants to Europe: an overview of the literature. Morbidity and mortality in gynecological cancers among first- and second-generation immigrants in Sweden.
Cervical, endometrial and ovarian cancers among immigrants in Sweden: importance of age at migration and duration of residence. Risk of cervical cancer among immigrants by age at immigration and follow-up time in Sweden, from to High prevalence of human papillomavirus infection in Eastern European and West African women immigrants in South Italy.
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"cervice" in English
Obstet Gynecol. Chiu LF. Inequalities of access to cancer screening: a literature review. Accessed April 29, Geographical relationships between sociodemographic factors and incidence of cervical cancer in the Netherlands — Gli stranieri in Italia: analisi dei dati censuari. Resident foreigners [database online]. Efficacy of HPV-based screening for preventing invasive cervical cancer: follow-up of European randomised controlled trials.
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Invasive cervical carcinoma (Stages IB-IIB)|INIS
Health Council of the Netherlands. Population screening for cervical cancer. The Hague: Health Council of the Netherlands; Health technology assessment report. Use of liquid-based cytology for cervical cancer precursors screening. Ministero della Salute, Direzione Generale della Prevenzione. Roma: Ministero della Salute; Screening for cervical cancer with the Human papillomavirus test in an area of central Italy with no previous active cytological screening programme. Screening for cervical cancer with HPV testing: performance and organizational impact of the Valcamonica screening programme, Northern Italy.
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Extension of organised cervical cancer screening programmes in Italy and their process indicators, —12 activity. Council Recommendation 2 December on cancer screening. Human papillomavirus and Papanicolaou tests to screen for cervical cancer. N Engl J Med. Human papillomavirus DNA testing for the detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 and cancer: 5-year follow-up of a randomised controlled implementation trial.
Human Papillomavirus testing and liquid-based cytology in primary cervical screening: results at recruitment from the NTCC randomized controlled trial. Received Aug 29; Accepted Oct This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Objective The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence of HPV types in invasive cervical cancers in Italy from to Methods A pooled analysis of the three largest case series typed to date was performed.
Results Out of cancers, 24 4. Background Cervical cancer is still the second leading cancer in women worldwide, with , new cases estimated in Objective The aim of this work is to describe the prevalence of HPV types in Italian invasive cervical cancers from to Methods Study population, selection cases Histologically confirmed cervical cancer diagnoses from three large series were included in the study. No central histologic review was planned for this study. Statistical analysis Our tables show the type distribution found in squamous and cervical cancers.
Results After histological evaluation, ICC specimens from the original studies were included. Table 1 HPV types by histotype.
Open in a separate window. Table 2 HPV types by Italian geographical area. Table 5 Multivariate models. Discussion These three large Italian case series confirm some previously published results [ 7 , 8 ]. Limits As the present study has several limits, we can only confirm previously observed data or formulate hypotheses to be confirmed in other studies. Ethical Approval This is a pooled analysis of already published studies. Ministry of Health: Antonio Federici. Competing interests F. Acknowledgements We thank all pathology unit staff involved in retrieving specimens and Jacqueline Costa for linguistic support.
Cancer: France International Agency for Research on; Incidence of invasive cervical cancer and direct costs associated with its management in Italy. Human papillomavirus is a necessary cause of invasive cervical cancer worldwide. J Pathol. Lancet Oncol. Worldwide prevalence and genotype distribution of cervical human papillomavirus DNA in women with normal cytology: a meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. Human papillomavirus genotype attribution in invasive cervical cancer: a retrospective cross-sectional worldwide study.
Human papillomavirus type distribution in 30, invasive cervical cancers worldwide: Variation by geographical region, histological type and year of publication. Int J Cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. Long-term absolute risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or worse following human papillomavirus infection: role of persistence.
J Natl Cancer Inst. Joint European Cohort Study. Long term predictive values of cytology and human papillomavirus testing in cervical cancer screening: joint European cohort study. The elevated year risk of cervical precancer and cancer in women with human papillomavirus HPV type 16 or 18 and the possible utility of type-specific HPV testing in clinical practice. Effect of screening on incidence of and mortality from cancer of cervix in England: evaluation based on routinely collected statistics.
Mass screening programmes and trends in cervical cancer in Finland and the Netherlands. Cervical cancer screening in Japan. A case—control study. Acta Cytol. Cervical cytology reported as negative and risk of adenocarcinoma of cervix: no strong evidence of benefit. Br J Cancer. Lower protection of cytological screening for adenocarcinomas and shorter protection for younger women: the results of a case—control study in Florence.
Effectiveness of cervical screening with age: population based case—control study of prospectively recorded data. Human papillomavirus prevalence and type-specific relative contribution in invasive cervical cancer specimens from Italy.
BMC Cancer. Distribution of human papillomavirus genotypes in invasive cervical cancer in Italy: a representative, single institution case series. Development of a sensitive and specific assay combining multiplex PCR and DNAmicroarray primer extension to detect high-risk mucosal human papillomavirus types. J Clin Microbiol. Breast Cancer Res Treat. Typing of human papillomavirus in women with cervical lesions: prevalence and distribution of different genotypes.
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Epidemiologia del Papilloma virus umano HPV , incidenza del cancro della cervice uterina e diffusione dello screening: differenze fra macroaree in Italia. Risk factors for rapid onset cervical cancer. Am J Obstet Gynecol. Human papillomavirus genotype distributions: implications for vaccination and cancer screening in the United States. Doctor Kinsey had heard -- and there was a theory kind of going around at the time, this being the s -- that the force with which semen is thrown against the cervix was a factor in fertility.
Synonyms Synonyms Italian for "cervice":. Italian collottola nuca. English cervix uteri neck uterine cervix. Context sentences Context sentences for "cervice" in English These sentences come from external sources and may not be accurate. Italian Al tumore al seno, alla cervice e al colon-retto, dobbiamo aggiungere il cancro della pelle, e, eventualmente, anche quello ai polmoni e alla prostata.
Italian Occorre attuare strategie che coinvolgano le donne e, in particolare, controlli regolari e non onerosi alla cervice , e controlli al seno che siano tempestivi e non costosi.