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After much hugging and explaining, White wrote, the Shoshones agreed to make available the horses and guides the white men needed. Sacagawea had proved her value again, this time as an interpreter and mediator. By the end of August, she had bid farewell to her brother and was continuing westward with her husband and the explorers. Although it was still technically summer, the travelers faced snow, cold and near starvation before they finally reached a Nez Perce village on the other side of the mountains in present-day Idaho.

From this point on in the westward journey, Sacagawea was no doubt as unfamiliar with the geographic features as the others. She certainly was not someone who could guide them to the West coast. Still, her presence—and that of her baby—was important. Clark wrote in his journal entry for October 13, , that Sacagawea reconsiles all the Indians, as to our friendly intentions—a woman with a party of men is a token of peace.

Relations were friendly with the Nez Perce people. Starvation was no longer a concern, but after they had stuffed themselves on camas a root the Nez Perces used to make bread and salmon, indigestion and diarrhea were.

Sacajawea: The Dark Truth

Still, they were able to make new canoes and to gain information from the Nez Perces about the path, or rivers, ahead. On November 15, , they saw the shine of the Pacific…after this the expedition raised the Stars and Stripes above the great Pacific Ocean. The 23 men, the usually drunk French-Canadian Charbonneau, Sacajawea and her son Pomp had a very hard winter there on the coast, White wrote.

Food was scarce, and Sacajawea gave a starving and sick Clark some bread she had been carrying with her in a little leather pouch that had been intended for her child. One day in January, Clark and some of the others, including Sacagawea, ventured from camp to check out a beached whale.

The starving men came upon a beached whale and began to overeat, not realizing how the concentrated fats and oils would affect their bodies, White wrote.

See a Problem?

They became deathly ill. Years later, the men would tell the story of how they would have surely died had it not been for a little Indian girl who somehow miraculously was able to know what the dying men needed to recover. Sacajawea spent days upon end searching for and trying to grow and cultivate fennel roots,…a perennial herb of the carrot family…for its aromatic seeds. At one of the Indian camps, Clark noticed an exquisitely made sea otter coat.

He had to have it! White wrote. Nevertheless, he lost his head and offered whatever they had left…to the Indian woman for the beautiful fur coat. He must have it…they must see it in St. Louis and the president of the United States [Jefferson] must see it. Unfortunately, the Indian woman was not tempted to trade with Clark. She shook her head and made negative motions with her hand.

Who Was Sacagawea?

The coat was not for sale. She walked away leaving a dejected and disappointed Clark, who went to his tent to lick his wounds. The next morning, as the camp and men were packing up…they noticed that Sacajawea was missing. Where was she? She was nowhere to be found. The men were concerned. They were standing around discussing where to go to look for her when they saw her come over the hill from the Indian camp carrying something on her arm. She walked over to Clark and, smiling at him, handed him the beautiful sea otter coat…. Clark noticed for the first time that the old brown buffalo robe that she wore was hanging loose on her where before it had been drawn tight around her waist with a beautiful beaded turquoise belt.


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Sacajawea looked back again at Clark before hoisting her son upon her back…. Sacajawea had known that the Indian woman with the sea otter coat would probably want the beautiful turquoise belt, too, just like she did. She was right. After a night of bartering and discussions she had unselfishly traded her precious belt for a fur coat her white friend wanted so much. The Corps of Discovery finally left Fort Clatsop on March 23, , heading east and passing many familiar landmarks. Once back in what is now Montana, Clark and Lewis temporarily parted company to explore different areas.

Lewis and Clark were back together and back at the Mandan village by mid-August.

The Corps of Discovery started to disband. One of its members, John Colter, headed west again with two fur traders. Toussaint Charbonneau would later do some trading and become a longtime government interpreter for the Indian Bureau. He probably died in There is also some uncertainty—and a lot more controversy—about when Sacagawea died. Luttig, recorded in his journal the death of the wife of Charbonneau, a Snake squaw…. A note that Clark wrote in a ledger book in the s seems to support the view that Sacagawea died in It has been argued, however, that it was another wife of Charbonneau who died at Fort Manuel.

The site of Fort Manuel is now covered by the waters of Lake Oahe. If Sacagawea did die there, her grave is no doubt also under those waters. In the early s, the governors of South Dakota and Wyoming had a dispute over where she was buried. The Wyoming governor asked Rhea Porter White if she really had proof that the grave was at the Wind River Reservation, where Sacagawea had reportedly gone in the s after living for many years among the Comanches in Indian Territory present-day Oklahoma.

There was no question about it at all and she could show him the paperwork. I will see that justice is done. The Rev. In any case, Jean Baptiste Pomp Charbonneau, the baby boy that Sacagawea carried on her back all the way to the Pacific Ocean and back, was not her only child. Indian Inspector Charles A. Eastman reported in that Sacagawea had five children…. Feb 07, Dan Dixon rated it really liked it Shelves: reads. This is a good synopsis of the life of Sacagawea aka the Bird Woman. Interesting tidbits about the book are the knowledge that Native American women had several names throughout their youth but eventually became know in adulthood by one name.

It is also interesting that William Clark raised her children and made sure they had a good education. Feb 13, Joanna added it. Even though Sacagawea missed home she'd agreed to go on the mission with Lewis and Clark and help them on their journey. Jun 12, Felipe Alfaro rated it really liked it. I was largely unfamiliar with her before reading this book. I had first seen her in the movie, Night at the Museum. The book is probably one of the easiest reads in this series.

Definitely good for teaching ESL or kids English classes. I only regret that later her people were not treated with the respect that all humans deserve. Her name lives on in the names of mountains and rivers in the northwest, and the year Sacagawea commemorative gold dollar coin. I hope that we will keep her memory alive to raise awareness of the contributions of women and native peoples to the advancement of civilization. May 14, Audrie Estrada rated it really liked it Shelves: children-s-biography. Personal Reaction: -I really liked this book because it gives a wonderful history of Sacagawea while still keeping it interesting.

Its not one of those boring biographies that are really hard to read. It has pictures on every page and the words are simple. The class can take a jou Personal Reaction: -I really liked this book because it gives a wonderful history of Sacagawea while still keeping it interesting. The class can take a journey together and dissect the amazing things she did. Each small group can have a different historical figure and read all about them and create a lesson to teach the class on their person. Other: -Even though the pictures are black and white they are very captivating and give a good idea of what was going on at that time period.

I read a kindle version in English. I learned many things about Sacagawea, that I had never known before the reading. She was an amazing young woman. I didn't know she had been stolen from her people, and then sold to a man, to become one of his wives. She was pregnant by the time she was Lewis and Clark needed someone who could speak with the Shoshone's, as they traveled, so they could trade for horses, to get over the mountains. I didn't know about her husband and her son. I didn't think t I read a kindle version in English. I didn't think the black and white illustrations, added very much to the book.

I have an artist son, and I always pay a lot of attention to the illustrations, and I didn't look much at these pictures. I have lived nearly 75 years, knowing very little about Sacagawea, so this book taught me much more than I had ever learned about her. This is a good book for older children. Sep 07, Mary rated it really liked it Recommends it for: elementary aged children. Shelves: homeschool. This series looks really juvenile from the cover, but they actually contain a lot of useful information. This one was particularly informative, not just on Sacagawea, but covers what led up to the Louisiana Purchase, events during the Corps of Discovery and what happened later byond M.

Lewis' untimely death. We read many books on Lewis and Clark during our study and this was one of only a handful that discussed the fact that Clark later adopted "Pomp" to raise with his own ten? I wish they had made a similar book for George Washington Carver since we are studying him now. Nov 01, 1 Elizabeth rated it it was ok. This book is very interesting, and it gives you a lot of information on Sacagawea. It is not boring like you might think.

This book goes in chronological order, because there are dates and it is in order of past to most recent. There where some hard times tat the explorers had to go through, but they did, and Sacagawea did it all with a baby on her back! She was an important person in american histo This book is very interesting, and it gives you a lot of information on Sacagawea.

She was an important person in american history. May 22, Niyah Lowman rated it liked it. If you ever need some basic information on Sacagawea here is the book to read. It just gives basic facts about Sacagawea's life. Like when Louis and Clark found Sacagawea, a Cherokee Native American and they all embarked on their long journey exploring land together.

This book basically gives you all of the basics on her life and why she's important to what we know of today as the United States. So if you ever have a report or anything like such and Sacagawea is your topic you can use this book If you ever need some basic information on Sacagawea here is the book to read. So if you ever have a report or anything like such and Sacagawea is your topic you can use this book to get the basic information you need. May 16, Logan B rated it really liked it. What made me choose this book?

I chose this book because I hardly knew any information on Sacagawea. My favorite part was when she was reunited with her family on their journey west. My least favorite part was at the beginning when they were talking about how she was kidnapped from her tribe and sold.

I liked in the book when she helped translate with an Indian tribe to get their crew heading west horses. Anyone looking for basic in Who Was Sacagawea? Anyone looking for basic information on Sacagawea should definitely read this book! Dec 02, Caylee rated it really liked it. Sep 03, Stacy Deyerle rated it it was amazing Recommends it for: grades 1 and up. Shelves: juvenile-shared , biography. My daughter and I shared this as a read aloud during spring of 1st grade, and we were both enthralled. The writing was clear but riveting, with an appropriate number of pictures.

We still reference things we both learned in this book. We have since picked up several other biographies from this publisher and are hoping they are just as good. Jun 09, Elizabeth rated it really liked it Shelves: ya-juvenile , read-aloud. Personally I'd give this three stars - I found it a little dull - but my kids 3 and 7 loved it.

I appreciated the fact that it did not glorify colonialism much. Sacagawea remains pretty mysterious, since we only have second hand accounts, but I was actually glad not to read a fictional or romantic interpretation of who she might have been. Dec 14, Courtney rated it liked it Shelves: This is a really good informational book for elementary and early middle school students. It had a lot of basic knowledge and facts in it.

One might think a book all about history and Sacagawea might be boring but I thought it was interesting. Even though the pictures were simple and black and white, I thought they were great and made the book come to life more.

Sacagawea - Facts, Death & Husband - Biography

Nov 11, Katie rated it did not like it Shelves: intermediate-chapter-2nd-4th-grade. Not a lot of detail not terribly surprising , but the structure of the book left something to be desired. I think it would be a bit more of a confusing read. There's almost too much data missing. Oct 28, Esther May rated it really liked it Shelves: biography , explorers. And to think that the success of one of one of the greatest expeditions depended on a woman. We really enjoyed reading about Sacagawea. She was brave, loyal, tough, and important. I have a hard time thinking about traveling all the way that she did, and then I remember that she had a baby on her back.

Jan 18, Kittykat rated it it was amazing Shelves: biographies. I love this author's biographies! The author finds a way to keep the readers interested. I think it is the fact that the author doesn't state any boring facts. The author only puts interesting facts in her books. Like, did u know that Sacagawea was only years old when she had her baby boy, Jean?

Jean was called Pomp and was born on February I cannot remember what year I like it!!! Sep 27, Marie Lichte rated it it was amazing. A well written historical fiction about the life of the famous Indian tracker who helped Lewis and Clark on their famous exploration. Fully illustrated to help depict the life and adventures this heroine experienced. Nov 27, Miriam Garcia rated it it was amazing Shelves: social-studies.

This is a very informative and fun book that 3rd -5th graders would enjoy reading. It tells the story of a young girl who helped Lewis and Clark in their expedision and discoveriea, all while carring her baby on her back. The book offers great facts along with fun illustarions. Jun 28, Julie rated it liked it.

I know there are gaps in her record, but I was hoping for some new perspective. Still, an interesting book for this age group. Excellent reading material for first year Spanish learner. I also learned -- for the first time -- the brave India young woman Sacagawea who guided Lewis and Clark's expedition through much danger and risk. Apr 18, Kendall rated it it was amazing Shelves: nonfiction. This book was about a woman who helped two men, Lewis and Clark, on an expedition. Without her, the men might not have made the journey alive.

I loved this book as kid because I thought of the adventures she had. I would use this book to demonstrate adventure and history on her life. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Readers also enjoyed. About Judith Bloom Fradin. Judith Bloom Fradin. When those books were completed, the Fradins collaborated on Who was Sagagawea? Their next joint venture, the Clarion young adult biography Ida B.


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  • Judy Fradin loves visiting schools and libraries, sharing how an idea becomes a book as well as practical tips about writing non-fiction. She has spectacular slide shows for each of her Witness to Disaster books and for Five Thousand Miles to Freedom as well as her books about the Lewis and Clark expedition. Her Underground Railroad presentation features pictures she obtained for Bound for the North Star , Dennis's collection of true slave-escape accounts.

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